Face Recognition. A Literature Review By Xiaozhen Niu Department of Computing Science. Contents. Face Segmentation/Detection Facial Feature extraction Face Recognition Video-based Face Recognition Comparison Summary Reference. Face Segmentation/Detection.
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A Literature Review
By Xiaozhen Niu
Department of Computing Science
Before the middle 90’s, the research attention was only focused on single-face segmentation. The approaches included:
During the past ten years, considerable progress has been made in multi-face recognition area, includes:
Face segmentation/detection area still remain active, for example:
Still lots of potential!
Numerous face recognition methods/algorithms have been proposed in last 20 years, several representative approaches are:
The basic steps are:
Most video-based face recognition system has three modules for detection, tracking and recognition.
Two most representative and important protocols for face recognition evaluations:
 W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P.J. Phillips, Face Recognition: A Literature Survey, UMD CFAR Technical Report CAR-TR-948, 2000.
 K. Sung and T. Poggio, Example-based Learning for View-based Human Face Detection, A.I. Memo 1521, MIT A.I. Laboratory, 1994.
 H.A. Rowley, S. Baluja, and T. Kanade, Neural Network Based Face Detection, IEEE Trans. On Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 20, 1998.
 E. Osuna, R. Freund, and F. Girosi, Training Support Vector Machines: An Application to Face Recognition, in IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 130-136, 1997.
 M. Turk and A. Pentland, Eigenfaces for Recognition, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol.3, pp. 72-86, 1991.
 W. Zhao, Robust Image Based 3D Face Recognition, PhD thesis, University of Maryland, 1999.
 K.S. Huang and M.M. Trivedi, Streaming Face Recognition using Multicamera Video Arrays, 16th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR). August 11-15, 2002.
 P.J. Phillips, P. Rauss, and S. Der, FERET (Face Recognition Technology) Recognition Algorithm Development and Test Report, Technical Report ARL-TR 995, U.S. Army Research Laboratory.
 K. Messer, J. Matas, J. Kittler, J. Luettin, and G. Maitre, XM2VTSDB: The Extended M2VTS Database, in Proceedings, International Conference on Audio and Video-based Person Authentication, pp. 72-77, 1999.