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Chapter 4: Formation of Compounds. Section 4.1: The Variety of Compounds. Objectives: Distinguish the properties of compounds from those of the elements of which they are composed, Compare and contrast the properties of sodium chloride, water and carbon dioxide. What is an element?

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chapter 4 formation of compounds

Chapter 4: Formation of Compounds

Section 4.1: The Variety of Compounds

slide2

Objectives: Distinguish the properties of compounds from those of the elements of which they are composed, Compare and contrast the properties of sodium chloride, water and carbon dioxide

slide3

What is an element?

What is a compound?

How do they differ?

** Compound formation is only a rearrangement of valence electrons**

physical chemical properties of salt
Physical/Chemical Properties of Salt:

Compound; Chemical Formula: NaCl

1. white solid at 200C

2. crystalline shape

3. brittle

4. melts at 8000C

5. dissolves easily in water

6. non-conductor when solid, but conducts when molten/liquid

7. nonreactive/stable compound

properties of sodium
Properties of Sodium

Element; Symbol: Na

1. shiny, silvery-white, soft solid at room temp

2. melts at 980C

3. reacts with oxygen to form sodium oxide, Na2O

4. reacts with water to form hydrogen gas, and sodium hydroxide, NaOH (this is why its pure form is stored in oil)

5. never found free in the environment b/c of its high reactivity

sodium
Sodium
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MTcgo46nxNE
properties of chlorine
Properties of Chlorine

Element; Symbol: Cl2 (this is what’s called a diatomic element)

1.pale green, poisonous, gas @ room temp

2. odor

3. kills living cells, disinfects

4. boiling point is a mere –340C

5. among the most reactive elements

reaction of sodium and chlorine
Reaction of Sodium and Chlorine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mx5JJWI2aaw

physical chemical properties of carbon dioxide
Physical/Chemical Properties of Carbon Dioxide:

Compound; Chemical Formula: CO2

1. colorless gas at room temp

2. slightly soluble in water

3. freezing point = -800C, DRY ICE

4. relatively stable; puts out fire

5. ingredient in photosynthesis

6. tasteless and odorless

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e7tf2MeXuQg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8AN_XMcD3yI

properties of carbon
Properties of Carbon

Element; Symbol: C

1. fairly unreactive solid at room temp

2. at higher temps, will react with MANY elements

3. burns easily and is an excellent heat source

4. carbon compounds are the basis of all living things

properties of oxygen
Properties of Oxygen

Element; Symbol: O2

1. colorless, odorless, tasteless

2. supports combustion (it is not flammable by itself)

3. slightly soluble in water

4. very reactive

5. 21% of air you breathe

6. most abundant element in the Earth’s crust

physical chemical properties of water
Physical/Chemical Properties of Water

Compound; Chemical Formula: H2O

1. gas at 1000C

2. solid at 00C

3. non-conductor (when distilled or pure)

4. great solvent

5. stable

6. good medium for other reactions to occur in

7. other ingredient in photosynthesis

properties of hydrogen
Properties of Hydrogen

1. Lightest most abundant element in the universe

2. Odorless, tasteless, colorless nonmetal gas

3. Reactive compound that occurs in a variety of compounds

4. Does not conduct electricity and only slightly soluble in water

hydrogen
Hydrogen
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s0zxF66nbRU