Mussolini’s March on Rome (1922). By: Neve, Keith, Maiya , Andrew, Sabah, TJ. The Beginning of Mussolini’s Rule. Came to Power in late October 1922 Marked the Beginning of Fascist Rule Marked the doom of the socialists liberals Planned an Insurrection(an act of rising in revolt)
Mussolini’s March on Rome (1922) By: Neve, Keith, Maiya, Andrew, Sabah, TJ
The Beginning of Mussolini’s Rule • Came to Power in late October 1922 • Marked the Beginning of Fascist Rule • Marked the doom of the socialists liberals • Planned an Insurrection(an act of rising in revolt) • Fascists armed squads known as Blackshirts • Luigi Facta had resigned as Prime Minister but still acted as it
Preparations for the “March” • Out of the fascist party the black shirts were formed in august 1920 they broke the socialist movement • The march was organized by general Emilio De Bono< Italio Balbo, and Michele Bienchi and CesareMaria de Vecchi
The Beginnings of a Revolt • Facta ordered a state of siege for Rome -King Victor Emmanuel the 3rd refused to sign it -Means Army which might have stopped Mussolini was not called on to oppose the F ascists • Reason for Refusal: Feared he would lose his throne if he refused to with the Fascists, avoid civil war. Hoped to neutralize the fascists by associating them with natural government.
Armed Fascists • Armed Fascists would be near Rome. If the government failed to meet these demands, they would march into Rome, and take over by the use of force. • Mussolini would demand the resignation of the government and that a new Fascist government be allowed to take over.
Propoganda or Myth? (What really happened) • “The March” was a propaganda myth: Mussolini traveled overnight by train from Malin to Rome where he formed a government the following day. • Some 25,000 Fascists Blackshirts were also transported to Rome where they marched in the ceremonial parade on October 21,1922 • “Brought the Fascist Leader to power and enabled him to stay there for 23 years” • No actual march of Rome
The Outcome • On October 29th, 1922, Mussolini was summoned to meet the king in Rome. • Mussolini arrived on October 30th and was sworn in as Prime Minister. • Only then were the Fascists who had gathered outside of Rome allowed to march in triumph through Rome. • Just Five years earlier, Mussolini had been a corporal in the Italian Army fighting in World War One. • Mussolini was later known as “The Italian King”.