The UN. —bringing everyone closer together. What do you know about the UN?. New York The USA. Where is the headquarter of the UN?.
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—bringing everyone closer together
Where is the headquarter of the UN?
The current United Nations emblem was approved on 7 December 1946. The design is "a map of the world representing an azimuthal equidistant projection centred on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of
crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree, in gold on a field of smoke-blue with all water areas in white. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles".
What is the emblem of the UN ?
In the center of a light blue field there is the white badge of the UN - a simplified map of the world between the North Pole and 60 degrees south with all the inhabited continents shown in outline.
The map is flanked by two olive branches... Blue and white are the colors of the UN, the olive branches symbolize world peace, and the map of the world shows the extent of the UN's sphere of influence.'
What is the flag of the UN?
Who are the present and former Secretary-General of the UN ?
United Nations Day was established by Presidential Proclamation to commemorate the establishment of the United Nations in 1945.
It is celebrated very generally by all countries which are members of the United Nations for the purpose of informing the people of the world as to the aims, purposes, and achievements of the UN.
When is United Nations day?
The purposes of the United Nations are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic,
What is the purpose of the UN?
social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends.
CAIRO, 10 April 2007 - UNICEF Egypt has announced the appointment of leading actor Khaled Abol Naga as an Ambassador.
1. Who is Tang Ning?
Tang Ning is a successful businesswoman and a UN Goodwill Ambassador.
3. Which countries has Tang Ning visited?
She has visited countries where the UN operates programmes to help people.
1. Soldiers representing the UN wear green berets.
2. The UN was set up in 1945 by 57 countries.
3. The UN has a charter with four main purposes.
4. Tang Ning gets paid for her work as a UN Goodwill Ambassador.
5. UNIFEM is a group that helps women.
6. The UN has a website.
Understanding a speaker’s attitude
positive adjectives/ aspects
I am pleased to have…
I’m very happy to have …
As you know, …everywhere.
Brief introduction of the UN
What Tang did as a UN Goodwill Ambassador
The problems the UN helps solve
In Oct, 1945 by 51 countries
The UN (Para1-2)
191 countries all together
Being a…means that I visit…
A Goodwill Ambassador?
To co-operate… To be a center …
The UN (Para1-2)
From different countries that belong to the UN.
With the help of…, the UN assists …
The UN assists?
To visit countries where…
If I visit…, the television and press will…,this will increase…
My job (Para3-4)
In South Africa
In South Africa
add it to…
Who set up?
Urgent problems caused by…
The UN helps
Other problems such as…
Try and meet …2015
A UN meeting in 2000
One is …fresh drinking water…
Another is… all children…
Read the text again and complete the following.
be voluntary to visit countries where the UN has programs
be reported by the television and press
increase awareness of the UN’s work
attract and encourage the local people
After the second World War in October 1945
(originally) 51 countries
(recently) 191 countries
Helps end some of the world’s most horrible conflicts; protects human rights; improves international laws; helps with other problems such as lack of education, lack of food, poverty, disasters and diseases
eight goals, one of which is to ensure that fresh drinking water is available to everyone and another is that all children complete primary education
1. What is the UN?
An international group made up of countries that want to increase peace.
2. How does Tang Ning feel about being a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN?
Honoured and happy.
They come from different countries that belong to the UN.
4. Which countries does Tang ning visit?
She mainly visits countries where the UN has programmes to help people.
Baskets, They sell them at the market.
6. Apart from wars and conflicts, what other problems does the UN help with?
Lack of education, lack of money, lack of food, poverty, disasters and diseases.
Access to fresh drinking water for everyone and primary education for all children.
g. lack of money, want of money
h. in addition, as well as, besides
i. (of something) that needs to be dealt with immediately
6. the press
7. apart from
Tang Ning gave a great speech on TV yesterday about her work as a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN.
She is a successful businesswoman who feels _______ to work for the UN. She started by explaining that the UN is an ___________ group made up of 191 countries.
It has a charter which sets out its main ________. One of the jobs of the UN is to protect human rights and improve ____ on behalf of people who need help. The UN helps with many problems such as wars, earthquake, typhoons, and_______.
There seems to be many victims of natural ________as well as civilian victims of wars and conflicts around the world. People like Tang Ning visit UN projects and _________people working in remote places.
One of the aims of the UN is to make sure that fresh _____________ is accessible to everyone by 2015.
1.Tang Ning is a successful businesswoman. How do you think that would help her in her role as a Goodwill Ambassador?
2.Would you like to be a Goodwill
Why or why not?
1. The UN-bringing everyone closer together.
bring...together 使……和好, 团聚。
① The loss of their son _______ the two of them _______.丧子使他们重归于好。
② The policeman’s help _______ the parents and the lost son _______. 警察的帮助使父母和走散的儿子团聚。
bring out 生产;制造
bring round 使苏醒 使改变主张
bring under 镇压;压制;使就范：
bring up 教育;养育; 提出;引出呕吐
bring in 产生(利益); 赚到 引进;吸收参加
bring along 带来
bring down 使落下, 使倒下, 击落
bring back 回忆; 使忆起 使返回; 归还; 带回来
bring forward 提出 出示; 展示
① Working out in the rain for a long time may _______ a fever. 在雨中工作很长时间可能使人发高烧。
② They succeeded in __________ a new kind of soap 他们成功生产了一种新肥皂。
③ _______________ to our point of view. 让他赞成我们观点。
Bring him round
④ The frost fire has been ___________________. 森林大火已被控制住。
⑤ The general manager ______________ a new reform plan on the personnel system for the company. 总经理为公司提出了一份有关人事制度改革的新方案。
⑦ The boys _______ ￡60 a week. 这些男孩子每周赚60镑。
brought forward to
⑧ They tried to make the shop __________ the price of the computers. 他们试图使让商店降低电脑价格。
⑨ This would ___________a lowering of the general level of intelligence in the population. 这将使人口一般智力水平下降。
referred(常与to 连用) 涉及;提到;查资料;提交;交付;
① Keats is ________ __ epic poetry when he mentions Homer's 'proud demesne'. 当济慈提到荷马'骄傲的领域'时,他指的是史诗。
② The new law does not _______ farm land. 新法律与耕地无关。
③ The shop _______ the complaint __ the manufacturers. 商店把投诉转交给制造商。
④ The invention of the compass is __________China. 指南针是中国发明的。
⑤ The teacher _______ him __ Chapter V. 老师叫他看第五章。
⑥ The visitors are_______ __ the information desk. 让来访者到问事处去。
⑦ He _______ his success __ the good teaching he had had. 他把他的成功归于他以前所受的良好教育。
⑴ When I said some people are stupid, I wasn't ___________ you.
⑵ Don't _______ this matter again, please.
⑶ I __________ my watch for the exact time.
⑷ The original text is here for ________.
① She was ________as a trainee. 她受聘当实习生。
② Our city has _______ a new look since the reform. 自从改革以来, 我们城市呈现了新面貌。
③ I can't ______ any extra work. 我不能承担额外的工作。
take for 当作;误认为
take in 收留, 收容 (某人) 包括; 囊括;包含
take up 开始从事; 专注于
take back 收回,带回
take place 举行,举办
take away 带走
take down 拿下
①. Mr. Pier has taken his son _____ from the boarding-school(寄宿学校).
②. He would neither apologize nor take ____ what he had said.
③. I took the book ____ to the library yesterday.
④. The rain has stopped. You may take _____ your umbrella.
⑥. He took __ his glasses and wiped them again, outside and in.
⑦. A helicopter is able to take ____and land straight up and down.
⑨. The weather is perfect for taking the children ____ for a walk.
⑩. The concert takes _____ next Friday.
conflict n 战争;战斗;冲突; 利益冲突 ;争论;抵触;论战
① Can you tell me about the ______________ religion and science? 你能告诉我关于宗教与科学之间的冲突。
② She found herself _____________ her parents over her future career. 她发现自己在将来择业问题上与父母存在冲突。
③ John often comes _______________ his boss. J约翰经常和老板发生冲突。
into conflict with
conflict vi 冲突; 争执; 抵触
① The two stories _________, so I did not know what to believe.
② All these actions by the NATO _____________ the universally accepted international laws.
Their account of the causes of the war conflicts with ours.
The two boys fought.
struggle本义是“挣扎”, 指“克服某种障碍或困难, 以达到某种目的”, 意味着“处境难”。
They were struggling for peace.
voluntary adj 自愿的;自发的;志愿的
① She is a _______________ at the hospital. 她是在这家医院义务服务的。
② I do some ______________ at the company. 我在公司做一些义务的工作。
① We want some _________ to help paint the house.
② We all __________ to paint the house. 我们都自愿漆这房子。
③ Meanwhile, a number of university students have _____________ drive buses while the strike lasts. 同时,许多大学生自愿在罢工期间去驾驶公共汽车。
④ The doctor who had ___________ to settled down in the poor village became the chief fable of the villagers.这个志愿到穷村落户的医生成了村民们的中心话题。
lack n (常与of连用) 缺乏；需要
① There is no ______ vegetable.
② The ____ __ rain aggravated the serious lack of food. “由于干旱少雨,缺粮问题更加严重。”
③ It was______ current capital that defeated their business. "因为缺少流动资本,他们的企业才告失败。"
④ Owing to ______ time, we cannot do more than what we have done. 由于时间不够, 我们只能做到这样。
vi. (be lacking in...) 缺乏[少]; 没有短少;不足;需要
She is _______ ___ responsibility.
ensure 使…必然发生 (亦作: insure)
Our precautions _______ our safety.我们的预防措施保证了我们的安全。
highlight vt. 使显著，强调
The report __________the major problems facing society today.
behalf n (on behalf of / sb.'s behalf ) 作为…的代表
I paid the money ___ ____ ______.
on your behalf
accessible adj 容易取得的; 容易接近的
Her poem is always _________.
access n 进入；通道;接近; 达到; 进入;
① There is no ______ ___the street through that door. 穿过那个门没有通向大街的路。
② The only _____ ____that ancient castle is along a muddy track. 到那座古老城堡去的唯一通道是一条泥泞小路。
standard n 标准；水准
Our government has tried to improve the ______ _________ of the people.
come up to the standard 达到标准
double standard 双重标准, 不同标准
fall short of the standard 不够标准
under the standard of 在...旗下,
up to the standard 合格, 达到标准
eliminate vt 除去 ;淘汰
He tried to _________ all political opposition;
somewhat adv 有几分, 略, 稍;某程度;
n. 某东西; 某分量
① I was _________ surprised.
break down ①破坏；拆散 ②制服； (机器) 损坏 ③失败；破裂 ④精神崩溃；失去控制
break into 闯入;突然…起来
break of 除去(某人的)习性
break out 突然发生
break through 突破
break up分裂; 结束; 解散
break 指“物体部分或整个碎裂、折断或毁坏”, 如:
If you break that vase you'll have to pay for it.
burst 指“由于内部压力而猛然破裂”, 多用作不及物动词, 如:
crush 指“外部巨大的压力造成物体压碎或压变形”, 如:
Eggs crush easily. 鸡蛋容易压碎。
smash 指“沉重的打击使某物完全成为碎片”, 如:
They smashed the enemy's defences.
occupation n 占领;占有;工作;职业
What is his __________?
occupy vt. 填满; 占用 使忙碌;把注意力集中于...占领, 占据; 充任
He ________ an important position in the Ministry of Education.
means (单复数同形)可以指人或物，其含义为“手段”或“工具”; 这个词不仅用于具体的东西, 也可以用于抽象的意念。如:
means of production 生产资料,
means of living 生活资料
means 还表示 “财力, 收入, 资产; 金钱, 财富”
He wants to go to college, but his
family haven't the ______ to help him.
by any means [口]用一切可能的方法或手段
by means of 通过; 用; 借助于
by no means 决不, 一点也不
by this means 用这种方法
by what means 怎样
flee fled, fled vi, vt 逃走; 逃避；消失, 消散
① He was to ____ his native village to join the rebel army.
The hotel guests tried their best to
______ _____ the burning buildin
escape, flee和run away 都作“逃跑”。
run away只表示逃跑的功作，有时可和escape换用，表示兽类逃跑通常用run away.
check vt 阻止;抑住;停止;检查;核对
check, examine这两个词都可以表示“检查”, 但check 另含有“校对”或“找错”的意思。而examine 另含有“察看或观察以了解情况”的意思。
look out for当心, 提防 ;照料 ;寻找, 物色
You should ____ ____ ____ pickpockets.
look out for
outbreak n 爆发；突然蔓延
break out v 突然发生
set up 建立(事业)；成立(组织)
They ___ ___ a company last year. 他们去年建立了一家公司。
set about 开始做，着手处理
set aside 宣告无效;驳回;废止
set in (疾病、坏天气或其他自然状况)开始并且(可 能)持续下去
set off 出发, 启程 (= set out；set forth) 使爆 炸, 引起爆炸
1. The UN is an international group made up of countries that want to increase peace, and I am very happy to have been chosen to be a Goodwill Ambassador for them. (P50)
[分析] 1) 句子结构分析：此句是一个由and连接起来的两个并列分句构成的复合句。
[分析] 1) 句子结构分析：Being a Goodwill Ambassador means是本句的主句，that I visit countries where ... to help people是宾语从句；
2) 语言知识分析：being a Goodwill Ambassador为V-ing分词短语作主语，意为“成为亲善大使”； to help people为动词不定式作目的状语，说明operates programmes的目的。
2） 语言知识分析：be based on是base on的被动语态，意为“以……为基础”。
[分析] 1） 句子结构分析：此句是一个由and连接起来的并列句。第一个分句是My job with the UN is not paid, but voluntary；
2） 语言知识分析：not ... but ... 是并列连词，意为“不是……而是……”。
1. I’m pleased to have this chance today to talk to you about the United Nations or the UN, as it is more often referred to. (P50)
[考点] 短语refer to
A. bringing up B. referring to
C. looking for D. trying on
[点拨] 选B。refer to参考。bring up抚养；look for寻找；try on试穿。
[考点] be + adj. + to have done sth.
[考例] You were silly not _____ your car. （湖南2004）
A. to lock B. to have locked
C. locking D. having locked
[考点] “祈使句/名词短语 + and / or (else) / otherwise +简单句”句型
[考例1] _____ straight on and you’ll see a church. You won’t miss it. （湖北 2004）
A． Go B． Going
C． If you go D． When going
[考例2] Start out right away, _____ you’ll miss the first train. （四川 2006）
A. and B. but C. or D. while
B. One more hour
C. Given one more hour
D. If I have one more hour
[考例] It is reported that the floods have left about _____ people homeless. (浙江2007)
A. two thousand B. two-thousands
C. two thousands D. two thousands of