1 December 2010: Do Now • END RHYME • INTERNAL RHYME • NEAR/SLANT RHYME • ONOMATOPOEIA • ALLITERATION • CONSONANCE • ASSONANCE • METAPHOR • SIMILE • HYPERBOLE • Which of the following literary terms and poetic conventions can you identify?
END RHYME • A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line • I know you’re tired and just had lunch • But if you’re not awake in class • There’s a very good chance • You will not pass.
INTERNAL RHYME • A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line. • Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary. • From “The Raven” • by Edgar Allan Poe
NEAR/SLANT RHYME • a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, slant rhyme • The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTH • ROSE • LOSE • Different vowel sounds (long “o” and “oo” sound) • Share the same consonant sound
ONOMATOPOEIA • Words that imitate the sound they are naming • BUZZ • ZAP POP! CRACK
ALLITERATION • Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words • If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
CONSONANCE • Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . . • The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words • “silken,sad, uncertain, rustling . . “
ASSONANCE • Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. • (Often creates near rhyme.) • Lake Fate Base Fade • (All share the long “a” sound.)
ASSONANCE cont. Examples of ASSONANCE: “Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.” - William Shakespeare
2 December 2010: DO NOW • Does the type of language people use change based on… • Location? • Age? • Social situations? • Socio-economic status? • Can you think of examples? • WHY or WHY NOT?
The language used by Shakespeare in his plays is in one of three forms: • BLANK VERSE • RHYMED VERSE • PROSE
PROSE • written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure
BLANK VERSE = unrhymed iambic pentameter • Meter: a recognizable rhythm in a line of verse consisting of a pattern of regularly recurring stressed and unstressed syllables. • Iamb: a particular type of metric "foot" consisting of two syllable • an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable ("da DUM”) • An unstressed syllable is conventionally represented by a curved line resembling a smile (a U is as close as I can get here). A stressed syllable is conventionally represented by a / . • Thus, an iamb is conventionally represented U / .
METER • A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. • Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern. • When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. Then they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
Foot/feet:a metric "foot" refers to the combination of a strong stress and the associated weak stress (or stresses) that make up the recurrent metric unit of a line of verse. • FOOT - unit of meter. • A foot can have two or three syllables. • Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables. • TYPES OF FEET The types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables. Iambic - unstressed, stressed Cowards die many times before their deaths
Kinds of Metrical Lines • monometer = one foot on a line • dimeter = two feet on a line • trimeter = three feet on a line • tetrameter = four feet on a line • Pentameter = five feet on a line=10 syllables • hexameter = six feet on a line • Heptameter = seven feet on a line • octometer = eight feet on a line The valiant never taste of death but once.
BLANK VERSE POETRY • Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme. from Julius Ceasar Of all the wonders that I yet have heard, It seems to me most strange that men should fear; Seeing that death, a necessary end,
Shakespearian Drama Example of Blank Verse U / U / U / U / U / But soft.|What light| through yon|der win|dow breaks? It is the east, and Juliet the sun!
For HW: • Write a minimum ten line poem in blank verse. • The first line of the poem should be broken down to show meter and feet. • This is due Monday, December 6th