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Federalism PowerPoint Presentation

Federalism

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Federalism

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  1. Federalism Pleasantville High School US History 11R Mr. Brunelli

  2. Federalism THREE TYPE OF CHECKS & BALANCES INTERNAL CHECKS: EXECUTIVE  LEGISLATIVE  JUDICIARY (DIVISIONS WITHIN GOVERNMENTS) EXTERNAL CHECKS: ELECTIONS & INTEREST GROUPS (PLURALISM) (DIVISIONS WITHIN SOCIETY) FEDERALISM: STATES v. CENTRAL GOVERNMENT (MULTIPLE GOVERNMENTS) 9 & 10thAMENDMENTS

  3. Delegated, Reserved & Concurrent CONSTITUTION = POWERS ONLY TO CENTRAL GOV’T = DELEGATED POWERS TO STATES & CENTRAL = CONCURRENT POWERS FORBIDDEN TO CENTRAL = RESERVED

  4. Laboratories of Democracy 50 STATES = EXPERIMENTS WITH PUBLIC POLICY NY = World History = 2 Years / US History = 1 NJ = World History = 1 Year / US History = 2 DIFFERENT STATES = DIFFERENT CONDITIONS STATES = LEARN FROM SUCCESSES & FAILURES CITIZENS CAN CHOOSE AMONG STATES

  5. Fiscal Federalism FEDERALISM = REDISTRIBUTE INCOME & POWER NY: $1 TAXES: $.79 BENEFITS MS: $1 TAXES: $1.77 BENEFITS

  6. Electoral College CENSUS = EVERY 10 YEARS  REPRESENTATION ELECTORAL VOTES = # REPS + # SENATORS FORCES PRESIDENTS TO RESPOND TO STATES

  7. Unwritten Constitution • CONSTITUTIONAL BY TRADITION OR CONVENTION • ORGANIZATION OF GOV’T BRANCHES • CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES • PRESIDENTIAL CABINET / DEPARTMENTS • RIGHTS & POWERS • JUDICIAL REVIEW • EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE • RIGHT TO PRIVACY • CUSTOMS & PRACTICES • TWO-TERM PRESIDENTS* • FILIBUSTER / PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE • SLAVERY “GAG” RULE • POLITICAL PARTIES

  8. Strict vs. Loose Construction STRICT CONSTRUCTION = LITERAL INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION GOV’T = ONLY DO WHAT CONSTITUTION EXPLICITLY PERMITS LOOSE CONSTRUCTION (“LIVING CONSTITUTION”) CONSTITUTION ADAPTS TO CHANGING CIRCUMSTANCES