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Informed Decisions ~ Enhanced Development. A National Dialogue on Children and Nature: A Connection for the Health and Well-being of Our Children September 8, 2006. Kathy Baughman McLeod. Health Impacts of Children In, and Out, of Nature. Aspects of Health and Children in Nature.

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Informed Decisions ~ Enhanced Development

A National Dialogue on Children and Nature: A Connection for the Health and Well-being of Our ChildrenSeptember 8, 2006

Kathy Baughman McLeod

aspects of health and children in nature
Aspects of Health and Children in Nature

I. An Introduction to Healthy Development, Inc.

II. Barriers to children in nature – fear/risk

III. HIA and Quantitative Forecasting to inform policy makers

IV. HIA for Children in Nature

V. Furthering the movement

i healthy development inc
I. Healthy Development, Inc.
  • A Florida-based National Consultancy
  • Forecast Impacts of Development
  • Public Health, community development, environmental background
  • Work with community developers
  • Our place on the U.S. landscape:
ii barriers to children in nature
II. Barriers to Children in Nature
  • Traffic
  • Fear of crime
  • Stranger danger
  • Safety risk
  • Busy schedules
  • Television and other screen time
  • Legal barriers
  • Neighborhood design (built environment)
cul de sacs risk is greater than prevention
Cul de Sacs: risk is greater than prevention


Google Earth

communicating true risk
Communicating True Risk
  • To Inform Public Policy,
  • Enhance the Built Environment and;
  • Change behavior
iii health impact assessment
III. Health Impact Assessment
  • Uses a variety of methods to forecast health, social and economic impacts
  • Engages the community
  • Employs qualitative and quantitative data
  • Is non-regulatory in the U.S.
the ultimate goal of hia
The Ultimate Goal of HIA
  • Informing (re)development decisions
  • Improving communities
  • Planning for sustainable and healthy neighborhoods
  • Increasing happiness
forecasting using research and population statistics
Forecasting using research and population statistics
  • Using the Pope/JAMA relative risk (RR) formula, a 0.0672 increase in PM2.5 would
  • result in a relative risk of 1.00039
  • The formula for this is:
  • RR = 1.06(0.0672/10) = 1.00039
      • Components of the equation:
      • RR=1.06
      • PM2.5 increase=0.0672
      • /10=increase per 10 ug/m3 of PM2.5
youth age 4 17 and adhd
Youth Age 4-17 and ADHD

youth age 4 17 and adhd medications
Youth Age 4-17 and ADHD Medications

youth ages 10 17 and overweight or obese
Youth Ages 10-17 and Overweight or Obese



Health Care Savings and Children in Nature

power of hia for kids
Power of HIA for Kids
  • Science-based
  • Informs
  • Communicates
  • Engages

Source: Trust for Public Land

advancing the movement of children in nature
Advancing the Movement of Children in Nature
  • Identify existing efforts
  • Create partnerships
  • We need more research
    • Find it OR
    • Do it!
advancing the movement
Advancing the Movement
  • Research Agenda
  • Model Policies for Children and Nature
    • Government
    • Developers
    • Non-profits
  • Social Marketing

"We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of


thank you

Informed Decisions ~ Enhanced Development

Thank You!

Kathy Baughman McLeod

Principal and Co-founder of Healthy Development, Inc.