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Jefferson Ascendency. A.P. U.S. History Mr. Krueger. Contradictions?. William Jenson – an Englishman living in the US for 13 years encountered true Jefferson Republicans. They were: self – confident, assertive, blatantly racist, and never to be delegated to low states.

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jefferson ascendency

Jefferson Ascendency

A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Krueger

  • William Jenson – an Englishman living in the US for 13 years encountered true Jefferson Republicans.
  • They were: self – confident, assertive, blatantly racist, and never to be delegated to low states.
  • Negatives to Jeffersonian thought was those who spoke of equal opportunity and liberty often owned slaves.
regional identities
Regional Identities
  • Began to form strong regional identities
    • South , New England, West
  • Improved Transportation (internal improvement) allows geographic expansion
    • Canals, Waterways, roads
    • No trains yet…
western conquest
Western Conquest
  • After the Revolution, many journeyed west and “squatted” – claimed land by living on it.
  • Waterways are essential transportation
  • New States and territories join the Union
  • Western folkways emerge
    • Western Heroes
      • Daniel Boone – fur trader – Native American Fighter
      • Mike Fink – Keelboatman of the Mississippi River
native americans
Native Americans
  • Ravages on the frontier:
    • Disease
    • Lack of unity
    • Selling huge tracks of land for whiskey and trinkets
  • Shawnee leaders were disgusted by the sales
  • Tecumseh – attempted to revitalize native culture
  • Settlers felt this was a threat – crushed his thoughts of cultural renaissance
  • Jefferson talked of creating a vast reservation west of the Appalachians
commercial capitalism
Commercial Capitalism
  • Pre 1810 – America was directly involved in Agriculture
  • Agricultural fairs economically important
  • Merchant Marine was important for shipping
  • During Jeffersonian Democracy – cities functioned as depots for international trade
republican ascendancy
Republican Ascendancy
  • Jefferson ran for office to:
    • Reduce the size of the Federal Government
    • Repeal the Alien and Sedition Acts
    • Maintain international peace
  • Had close ties with congress
  • Carefully selected the members of his cabinet
    • James Madison – Sec. of State
    • Albert Gallatin – Sec. of Treasury – understood federal budget
  • TJ Reforms
    • Top priority was cutting the national debt – nat. debt was dangerous to republican institutions
    • Must repeal direct taxes – whiskey tax
republican ascendancy1
Republican Ascendancy
  • Gallatin linked federal income to commerce – as long as commerce flourished, the nation had revenue
  • Ordered substantial cuts in national budget
  • Jefferson closed some embassies in Europe and cut military spending
  • He believed this would foster peace
  • State militias could protect the country
  • Some federalists resign – would not bow to the commons.
louisiana purchase
Louisiana Purchase
  • Jefferson thought Spain would sell Louisiana and Florida to the US, and he was prepared to use force.
  • 1801 – Spain transferred title to France
    • Napoleon was intent on reestablishing his empire in North America
    • Ended Haiti rebellion through military might
    • From here, he could occupy New Orleans and close the Mississippi River
    • Potential War
  • Jefferson hopes they can purchase the city, sends James Monroe to join American minister Robert Livingston in Paris.
  • When Monroe arrived, Napoleon already gave up on American Empire, his troops fell to tropical diseases (30,000 died)
  • Napoleon announced “Damn sugar, Damn coffee, Damn colonies”
  • He renounced Louisiana
louisiana purchase1
Louisiana Purchase
  • Talleyrand (French Minister) offered Louisiana Territory for $15 million – it would double the size of the US
  • Jefferson did not know if he had constitutional power to acquire territory, but he rushed it to the senate to ratify it.
  • Recommended a traditional government consisting of appointed officials
  • Bill barely passed the House of Reps. Opposition from his own party because it imposed taxes without the citizens of Louisiana’s consent.
  • Some called it complete despotism, and it was contrary to Republican principles
additional topics
Additional Topics
  • Barbary War
  • Slave Trade
  • Embargo Act
  • War Hawks
  • Hartford Convention
  • Treaty of Ghent