Brandon Tomlinson. Vanadium. Name, Symbol, Atomic Number, and Atomic Mass . Group, History. Vanadium is found in the transition metals In 1801 vanadium was discovered for the first time in Mexico by Andrés Manuel del Rio .
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In 1801 vanadium was discovered for the first time in Mexico by Andrés Manuel del Rio.
In 1831, the Swedish chemist, Nils Gabriel Edstrom, rediscovered the element in a new oxide he found while working with iron ores. Later same year, Friedrich Wohler confirmed del Río's earlier work. Edstrom chose a name beginning with V, which had not yet been assigned to any element yet. He called the element vanadium after Vadnais (another name for Freya, the Scandinavian goddess of fertility), because of the many beautifully colored chemical compounds it produces.
The most common use of vanadium is in alloys for making rust-resistant steel used in manufacturing tools, engines, gears, springs, missile cases, jet-engine housings, nuclear-reactor parts, and superconductive magnets. Vanadium foil is used in binding titanium to steel. Vanadium compounds are used for dyeing and printing fabrics. Vanadium pent oxide (V2O5) is used in ceramics and as a chemical catalyst.
Vanadium is a soft, ductile, silver-gray metal. It has good resistance to corrosion, and it is stable against alkalis, sulfuric and hydrochloric acids. It is oxidized in air at about 933 K (660 °C, 1220 °F), although an oxide layer forms even at room temperature.
Vanadium is not found uncombined in nature but occurs widely distributed in minerals. Important ores include carotid, patronize, roscoelite, and vanadinite. In the United States vanadium ores are mined in Arizona, Colorado, and Utah; other sources are Peru and Africa. Vanadium is recovered from these ores largely as the pentoxide; the pentoxide is also recovered during phosphorus production in Idaho and from certain crude oils and petroleum ashes. Vanadium is natural, not man-made.
Vanadium is moderately reactive. It does not react with oxygen in the air at room temperatures, nor does it dissolve in water. It does not react with some acids, such as hydrochloric or cold sulfuric acid. But it does become more reactive with hot acids, such as hot sulfuric and nitric acids.
Vanadium is special in that it acts like a metal in some cases, and as a non-metal in other cases. Metals are defined as elements that have a shiny surface, are good conductors of heat and electricity, can be melted, hammered into thin sheets, and drawn into thin wires. Non-metals generally do not have these properties.