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UNIT 6 The Human Touch. Related Information --- O. Henry (1862 -1910).

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slide3

O. Henry is the pseudonym of William Sydney Porter, American writer of short stories, best known for his ironic plot twists and surprise endings.Born and raised in Greensboro, North Carolina, O. Henry did not write professionally until he reached his mid-30s. Released from prison, O. Henry moved to New York City in 1901 and began writing full time. In his stories he made substantial use of his knowledge of Texas, Central America, and life in prison.

slide4

He also became fascinated by New York street life, which provided a setting for many of his later stories. During the last ten years of his life, O. Henry became one of the most popular writers in America, publishing over 500 short stories in dozens of widely read periodicals. His most famous stories, such as “The Gift of Magi,” “The Furnished Room,” and “The Ransom of Red Chief,” make simple yet effective use of paradoxical coincidences to produce ironic endings

slide5

Speak

What do these pictures mean to you? What kind of love does each of them manifest? Talk to your partner about them.

The Last Leaf is a story about human love which heightens the spirit of giving. This love is not between relatives, nor between lovers; it's between friends.

pre questions 1
Pre-questions (1)

Q1: What was, at first, Johnsy determined to do if the last ivy leaf should fall?

A1: She made up her mind to die when the last leaf fell.

Q2: What did she decide to do when she saw the last leaf still cling to the vine after two nights’ rain and wind?

A2: She decided not to give up her life.

pre questions 2
Pre-questions (2)

Q3: How was it that the cold fierce wind did not blow away the last leaf?

A3: Behrman, a kind neighbor, who was aware of Johnsy’s state of mind, risked death to paint the last leaf and save her.

Q4: Why did Sue call the painted leaf Behrman’s masterpiece?

A4: Because it was so perfect the girls both mistook it for the real thing.

main ideas
Main Ideas
  • Johnsy and Sue are artists who move into Greenwich Village in New York City.
  • As Winter approaches and the weather gets colder, Johnsy becomes ill with pneumonia. She gets so sick that she believes that when the last leaf falls from the vine outside her window, she will die.
  • An old artist, named Behrman, who lives in the same building as the girls, braves a storm one night to paint a leaf on the wall — a leaf that will never fall. Cold and wet from painting in the icy rain, he catches pneumonia and dies.
  • This gives Johnsy the hope to survive her illness, and it also creates the masterpiece Behrman had always dreamed of painting.
characters in the story
Characters in the story

doctor

Johnsy

Sue

Old Behrman

slide12

In-depth Understanding

Scan the story and fill in the blanks.

Time: __________________ Place: _____________________

Characters: _________ _________ _________ _________

Events: ______, who fell victim to _________, decided that she would die when _____________ on the blank wall outside her window ___, but it did not ___ even after the storm. This persistent last leaf brought back Johnsy’s will to live. Later on it turned out that ______ wasn’t the real one; it was the one drawn by _______________________, who had drawn it at a night with heavy rain and cold wind at the expense of his own life – he was attacked deadly by _________.

Threads: _________ ___________________ ____

__________

November, cold winter

A three-story brick building

Sue, Johnsy, Behrman, the doctor, Pneumonia

pneumonia

Johnsy

the last ivy leaf

fall

fell

the leaf

an old artist named Behrman

pneumonia

soup

the last leaf

the doctor’s three visits

masterpiece

slide13

Thread 1: the last leaf

The story is, as indicated by its title, built around the last ivy leaf. In other words, the last ivy leaf is the main thread that runs through the whole story. Complete the following sentences, and then you will get a clear idea of this point.

1. At first, Johnsy was determined to ___ when the last ivy leaf fall.

2. When she saw the last leaf still cling to the vine after two nights’ rain and wind, she decided not to ____ ____ her life.

3. The cold fierce wind did not blow away the “last leaf” because Behrman, a kind neighbor, risked his ____ to _____ the last leaf.

4. At the end of the story, Sue called the painted leaf Behrman’s masterpiece because ____________________

______________________________.

die

up

give

life

paint

it was so perfect that the

girls both mistook it for the real thing

slide14

Thread 2: the doctor’s three visits

The doctor’s three visits are another "thread" that helps make the story a coherent piece. Scan the story and underline the sentences that indicate this point.

1. Johnsy was seriously ill. (lines 11-23)

2. Johnsy had a 50-50 chance for survival and death while old Behrman was incurably sick. (lines 106-114)

3. Johnsy was sure to recover. (lines 115-116)

slide15

Thread 3: soup

Soup is another "thread" that helps make the story a coherent piece. Scan the story and underline the sentences that indicate this point.

1. Johnsy refused to take any soup when she decided to die with the fall of the last leaf. (lines 44-47)

2. When she was shaken alive again by that undying last leaf, one of her first desires was to drink some soup. (line 101)

slide16

Thread 4: masterpiece

Masterpiece is another "thread" that helps make the story a coherent piece. Scan the story and underline the sentences that indicate this point.

1. Old Behrman was a failure in art. He had always talked about a masterpiece, yet he was unable to deliver it. (lines 56-58)

2. “Someday I will paint a masterpiece, and we shall all go away.” (lines 73-74)

3. Finally, old Behrman painted his masterpiece at the cost of his life. (lines 119-128)

slide17
4a) There are 3 main types of art: Visual Arts (V), Literary Arts (L) and Performing Arts (P). You will find an example of each in the columns below. How would you categorize the other art forms listed here? Some might be able to go into two or even all three columns.

• drama (acting) V L P

• painting V L P

• music V L P

• fashion design V L P

• cartoons (animation) V L P

• film (cinema, movies) V L P

• short stories V L P

• novels V L P

• photography V L P

slide18
4b) Art and Artists: suffixes
  • What do you call the people who perform or create these arts?
  • There are five suffixes that we commonly use for artists.
  • Be careful of spellings with some endings.
  • -ist -er -or -ian -ess
slide19

Sculptor sculptress

dancer

Poet, poetess

Dramatist, actor, actress

Painter, artist

  • sculpture ___________________________________

• dance ___________________________________

• poetry ___________________________________

• drama (acting) ___________________________________

• painting ___________________________________

• music ___________________________________

• fashion design ___________________________________

• movie making ___________________________________

• short stories ___________________________________

• novels ___________________________________

• photography ___________________________________

• cartoons (animation) ___________________________________

musician

Fashion designer

Movie-maker, director

Short story writer, author, writer

novelist

photographer

Cartoonist, animator

slide20

4c) What kind of artist is...?

• What kind of artists are the following people?

• What are they famous for?

Choose one of these artists, or one of your own favorite artists and describe what you think their "masterpiece" is.

Steven Spielberg __________________

O' Henry __________________

Ralph Lauren __________________

Michael Jackson ________________

Pablo Picasso ______________ William Shakespeare _______________

Mozart _______________

Leonardo Da Vinci ____________________

Harrison Ford _____________________

language point
Language Point
  • 1. joint
  • adj.共同的;连接的;
  • 【构词】joint=join(加入)+t (n)
  • 【例句】① The house is our joint property.
  • 这房子是我们的共同财产。
  • ② These foreigners have put forward a proposal for a joint venture.
  • 这些外国人提出了一个合资企业的建议。
  • 【常见搭配】joint effect 共同努力
  • joint ownership 共同所有
language point22
Language Point
  • 2. victim
  • n. 牺牲品,受害的人 (或动物)
  • 【例句】Many pets are victims of overfeeding.
  • 有许多宠物因喂食过量而遭殃。
  • 【常见搭配】fall a victim to
  • 成为…的受害者
  • 【派生】victimize vt. 使牺牲,是受害 ,欺骗
language point23
Language Point
  • 3. fierce
  • adj. 凶猛的; 愤怒的
  • 【例句】I was really scared by his fierce look.
  • 我被他凶狠的表情吓坏了。
  • 【常见搭配】fierce effort
  • 拼命努力
  • 【派生】 fiercely adv.(副词)
  • fierceness n.(名词)
language point24
Language Point
  • 4. fancy
  • n. 幻想 幻觉;爱好
  • 【例句】① I always have the fancy that he will come back.
  • 我常常幻想他会回来。
  • ② I've suddenly taken a fancy to detective stories.
  • 我突然喜欢上了侦探小说.
  • 【常见搭配】after sb’s fancy 中某人意
  • de catch the fancy of sb. 吸引某人
  • 【派生】fanciful adj. 存在于想象中的,想象出来的
  • 【近形】fantasy n. 想象(的产物)
language point25
Language Point
  • 5. stream
  • n.河;流 vi.& vt. 流
  • 【例句】① The stream is shallow.
  • 那条小溪水很浅。
  • ② My eyes were streaming with tears.
  • 我的眼中流下了泪水。
  • 【辨析】current stream
  • Current 可指空气,水,电等的流,强调流动的方向或路线以及力量和速度。
  • Stream主要指“溪流”,强调源源不断流动的概念
  • 【派生】streamy adj. 多河川的;流水般的
  • 【近形】scream vi. 尖叫 n. 尖叫声
language point26
Language Point
  • 6. subtract
  • vt.减,减去,去掉
  • 【例句】subtract 8from 10 you have 2.
  • 10减8得2 。
  • 【常见搭配】~ sth. (from sth.)
  • ~减去
  • 【派生】subtractive adj. (可)减少的, 负的
  • subtraction n. 减(法)
  • 【近形】abstract adj.抽象的 n. 摘要
language point27
Language Point
  • 7. bare
  • adj.赤裸的;仅仅的
  • 【例句】① He just walked in bare feet on the rugged path.
  • 他赤脚走在崎岖的小路上。
  • ② Tom earn a bare subsistence wage.
  • 汤姆挣得工资勉强糊口。
  • 【辨析】bare, naked, nude :
  • bare adj. 指物体表面没有遮盖,没有装饰;或人的部分躯体露。
  • naked adj. 赤裸的,无保护的。指人时表示一丝不挂的,指物时
  • 表示无保护层或无装饰物
  • Naked bathing is not allowed on this beach.
  • 此处海滩不准裸浴。
  • nude adj. 裸体的,没有遮盖的,指人时比naked 更文雅,可用作名词 the nude 裸体人像 ; a nude hillside 光秃秃的山坡

【近形】bear n.熊 v.负担, 忍受, 带给, 具有, 挤, 向

language point28
Language Point
  • 8. sin
  • n.罪,罪孽 vi.犯罪
  • 【例句】① It’s a sin to waste food.
  • 浪费粮食是一种罪过。
  • ② Jonah sinned by not obeying what God told him to do .
  • 约拿不遵照上帝嘱咐的去做而犯了罪.
  • 【辨析】crime ; sin 
  • crime: 触犯法律的罪行 
  • sin: 冒犯上帝或宗教的罪恶、罪孽
  • 【派生】sinful adj. 有罪的,有过失的 sinless adj. 无罪的; 无辜的 sinner n. 犯罪者
language point29
Language Point
  • 9. acute adj.尖的,锐的;敏锐的
  • 【例句】①There's an acute shortage of water in the city .
  • 城里严重缺水。
  • ②A painter must be an acute observer.
  • 画家必须敏于观察。
  • 【常见搭配】acute disease 急性发作的病acute angle 锐角
  • 【辨析】keen, acute, sharp, shrewd
  • 这些形容词均有“锐利的、敏锐的、机敏的”之意。
  • keen 多指对复杂艰深的事物或问题有敏锐的观察和敏捷的理解。
  • acute侧重感觉敏锐,能分辨出一般人难以觉察的细微区别。
  • sharp指人头脑精明、敏锐或机警。
  • shrewd指有头脑,善于判断分析,精明过人
language point30
Language Point
  • 10. scarcely
  • adv.仅仅;几乎不
  • 【例句】①There were scarcely a hundred people
  • present.
  • 出席的不足一百人。
  • ②To my surprise, the guide turned out to
  • know scarcely a word of English.
  • 让我吃惊的是,那个向导几乎一点英语都
  • 不懂。
language point31
Language Point
  • 【常见搭配】scarcely any 几乎没有
  • Mrs. Hockin had scarcely any breath to tell us anything, as she came in through the door.
  • 霍金夫人走进门以后几乎没有力气跟我们说话。
  • 【辨析】hardly, scarcely, barely 这些副词均含“几乎不”之意。
  • hardly指接近最低限度,差不多没有多余,强调困难和程度。
  • scarcely指不太充分,不太够,不足,不能令人满意,强调数量。
  • barely指仅仅够,一点不多,强调没有多余。 
11 result vi
11. result vi.

Language Point

1). (in) bring about, happen, come into existence

产生,发生,导致

e.g. The use of such techniques could result in ecological changes.

2). (from) be caused by

e.g. Inflation results from an excess of demand over supply.

Ecological changes result from the use of such techniques.

language point33
Language Point
  • 12.for the rest 至于其他,除此以外
  • 【例句】①He's go for the rest for the rest of the now.
  • 他今天不会回来了。
  • ②Save the rest for the food for tomorrow.
  • 把其余的吃的留到明天。
language point34
Language Point

13. hang on to sth. (cling on to) :

work hard to keep sth.

e.g. She’s the patient who manages to hang on to life for three or four months.

What’s his motive for hanging on to power?

CF : hang onto : hold sth. tightly

e.g. She hung onto the key for fear that it would be taken from her hand.

14 stand out

Language Point

14. stand out

can be seen very clearly

引人注目,显眼

be much better or much more important than other things of the same kind

突出,出色

e.g. This is one of the things that stand out in my memory.

On the record I have just played, the first song stands out from all the others.

.

slide36
The Negative Side of Old Behrman (Para18)
  • A failure in Art
  • A Heavy Drinker
  • A Braggart about his Oncoming Masterpiece
  • A Fierce Little Old Man who Mocked Terribly at Softness in any one
slide37
The Positive Side of Old Behrman
  • A Faithful “Guard Dog” of the Two Girls (Para 18)
  • A Passionate and Sympathetic Friend (Para 19 and Para 20)
  • A Selfless Man Who is Willing to Sacrifice His Life For the Sake of Another person’s Life (Para39)
  • A Great Artist Whose Masterpiece has brought a Young Girl Back to Life (Para29 – 39)
  • A Hero
johnsy a young girl surviving the challenge of death
Johnsy – A Young Girl Surviving the Challenge of Death
  • Her Dark Days (Before Para 29)
    • The Sick and Dying Girl
    • The Weak and Immature Girl
  • Her Bright Days (After Para 29)
    • The Saved and Recovered Girl
    • The Strong and Mature Girl
the supporting people
The Supporting People
  • Sue – A Kind and Faithful Friend
  • The Doctor – An Efficient and Truthful Expert
slide41
1.砖楼
  • brick building
  • 2.某人在某方面的品味
  • one’s taste in sth
  • 3.灯笼袖
  • bishop sleeves
  • 4.和…是和谐的
  • in tune (with)
  • 5.可怕地蔓延于这一地区
  • stalk about the district
  • 6.到处
  • here and there
slide42
1.砖楼
  • brick building
  • 2.某人在某方面的品味
  • one’s taste in sth
  • 3.灯笼袖
  • bishop sleeves
  • 4.和…是和谐的
  • in tune (with)
  • 5.可怕地蔓延于这一地区
  • stalk about the district
  • 6.到处
  • here and there
slide43
7.一成希望
  • one chance in ten
  • 8.那不勒斯湾
  • the Bay of Naples
  • 9.医药疗效
  • curative power of medicines
  • 10.吹着轻快的口哨
  • whistling a merry tune
  • 11.倒着数
  • count backward
  • 12.空荡荡的沉闷的院子
  • a bare, dreary yard
slide44
13.常青藤
  • ivy vine
  • 14.低声地
  • in a whisper
  • 15.两眼一直盯着窗外
  • keep one’s eyes fixed out the window
  • 16.住在底层
  • live on the ground floor
  • 17.过分, 过度
  • to excess
  • 18.嘲笑
  • mock at
slide45
19.看护人
  • guard dog
  • 20.光线暗淡的
  • dimly lighted
  • 21.流泪
  • eyes stream
  • 22.听说
  • hear of
  • 23.混合着…
  • mingle with
  • 24.无神的睁大的双眼
  • dull, wide-open eyes
slide46
25.拉起
  • pull up
  • 26.急风骤雨
  • beating rain and fierce wind
  • 27.显目/著, 突出
  • stand out
  • 28.暗绿
  • dark green
  • 29.(时间)流逝, 磨损, 磨去
  • wear away
  • 30.紧紧抓住/抱住
  • cling to
slide47
31.呼唤
  • call to
  • 32.煤气灶
  • gas stove
  • 33.坐起来
  • sit up
  • 34.脱离危险
  • out of danger
  • 35.湿透的
  • be wet through
  • 36.冰冷
  • icy cold
slide48

I've learned that a true friendship has many memories, both good and bad, but all important.

  • I've learned that a best friend is more important than a boyfriend.
  • I've learned that sometimes the most used part of a best friend is the shoulder you cry on, and the shoulder you are willing to lend.
  • I've learned that nothing ever sounds stupid, funny, or unbelievable to a best friend, and you never feel stupid saying whatever it is.
  • I've learned that when your heart has been broken, a best friend is the best band-aid for it.
  • I've learned that sometimes you wonder how she knew, but then you realize that's just how close you are.
questions for discussion
Questions for discussion

Choose any one of the above statements, discuss it with your partner, and try to reach at a common understanding of it.

the bay of naples
The Bay of Naples
  • Not to visit the Bay of Naples is not to visit Italy. If not visiting the Bay of Naples, one has no qualification to talk about love, life and even death.
  • 不到那不勒斯,就等于没有到过意大利;不到那不勒斯,就没有资格谈爱情、人生甚至死亡。
the bay of naples51
The Bay of Naples

There is an old saying in Italy, “there is no regrets of dying for having enjoyed the beauty of the Bay of Naples”. It has a very romantic origin. It was said that there lived an Goddess on the island in the sea. People were so obsessed by her singing that they jumped into the sea and went after her regardless of life. But one day the Goddess fell in love with a warrior, and this time it was herself not others that jumped into the sea for pursuing her lover. Later her body was pushed by waves to the area which people call the Bay of Naples now.

the bay of naples52
The Bay of Naples
  • Johnsy’s Dream of Painting it Before she Fell ill

e.g. Para 5

“She – she wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day,” said Sue.

  • Johnsy’s Surrender to Disease and Giving up All Her Dreams

e.g. Para 16

“…I’m tired of thinking. I want to turn loose my hold on everything, and go sailing down, down…”

  • Johnsy’s revival of her hope to live

e.g. Para 33

“Sudie, some day I hope to paint the Bay of Naples.”

slide53

I. 1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box. Change the form where necessary.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Vocabulary

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slide54

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

1) On bright spring days, you can see lovely birds ___________________ among the bushes.

2) As a direct result of the economic crisis, unemployment is becoming more ________ in this country.

3) If a sheet of glass is lowered into the water and withdrawn, some water will _____ ____ it but the rest will be pulled back into the main body of water.

flutter/fluttering

acute

cling to

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slide55

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

4) Amid roars of applause, she concluded her speech and returned to her seat, leaving many of us with eyes __________.

5) The writer is best known for his bold mixture of fact and ___________ in his novels.

6) True, this football team is comparatively weak. But it is absolutely wrong to ______ at their attempt to qualify for the World Cup Finals.

streaming

fancy

mock

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slide56

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

7) Much of old Berlin was destroyed during World War II by bombing and by _____ _____ house-to-house fighting at the end of the war.

8) No matter how great he is, no artist could be expected to complete a ____________ every day, or even every year.

9) I didn't really like the book. Many of the tales told in it were pure __________ or too wild to be believable.

fierce

masterpiece

nonsense

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slide57

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

10) Birds use nests for sleeping only during the breeding season. For the rest of the year, birds sleep in bushes, on the branches, in holes in trees, and even on the __________round.

11) It is said the corporation has already __________ a number of expenditures from the total cost; yet it still runs as high as 300 million dollars.

bare

subtracted

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slide58

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

12) Playing tricks on others on the first day of April is a custom among European peoples. In English-speaking countries the __________ of such jokes is called an April Fool.

13) He had a favorite song he used to sing to us in the old days — "It's a ________to Tell a Lie" — and I shall always associate it with him.

victim

Sin

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slide59

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

14) I do prefer to wear smart clothes for work; it's still not easy for women in business to be taken seriously — I like to __________________ .

15) Make sure that the project is completed on time; ______________, I am not much concerned.

look the part

for the rest

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slide60

I. 2. Multiple Choice There are 8 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Vocabulary

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slide61

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

3. The deadline was getting closer and we were under _________ pressure to reach our targets. A) bold B) continuous C) continual D) vigorous

4. By the time of his death, the company had grown into an _________ multi-national cooperation. A) elementary B) extreme

C) enormous D) exceptional

B

B) continuous

C

C) enormous

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

1. Some teachers devote too much time to helping their slower students and ________ the brighter ones. A) neglect B) astonish C) perfect D) innovate

2. The Canadian guy has _______ some local dialect after he stayed with a Chinese friend for three months. A) picked up B) worked on

C) applied to D) found his way to

A

A) neglect

A

A) picked up

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

5. He had to train twice as hard as others to __________ his lack of natural ability. A) work on B) make up for

C) figure out D) throw light on

6. Jimmy has longed or being admitted to Harvard University, ___________he even dreamed of its beautiful campus the other night. A) on occasion B) in due course

C) over time D) so much so that

B

B) make up for

D

D) so much so that

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

7. Make sure you ________ the wheel correctly before you tighten up the nuts. A) deposit B) attach

C) insert D) shape

8. I’m certainly not _________ a secret passion for the man, if that’s what you’re thinking. A. evolving B) displaying

C) harboring D) exaggerating

C

C) insert

C

C) harboring

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I. 3. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. The first part has been written for you.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Vocabulary

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

  • When people recall their childhood, the memory of illnesses usually comes up first.
  • Illnesses ____________________
  • _______________________________
  • __________________________

usually stand out in childhood memories.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

2) According to the bulletin, a bachelor's degree program in environmental studies is now co-offered by Albright College and Duke University.

According to the bulletin, Albright College now offers_______________

_______________________________

________________________________

a joint bachelor’s degree program in environmental studies together with Duke University.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

3) The new government is less oppressive, but the country still faces a lot of violence.

The new government is less oppressive, but violence ____________________

_______________________________

still stalks the country.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

4) One can hardly find any surface water in the desert.

There is ____________________

_______________________________

scarcely any surface water in the desert.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

5) There is such a strong and continuing demand for change in the election law that both houses have promised to consider it.

The demand________________________

__________________________________

__________________________________

for change in the election law is so persistent that both houses have promised to consider it.

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I. 4. Complete the following, using the words or phrases in brackets. Make additions or changes where necessary. Model:They found their tastes in art, chicory salad and bishop sleeves so ______________that _________studio resulted. (joint, in tune)

much in tune

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Vocabulary

the joint

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

  • It was __________lying in the tent with nothing to read, so we built a camp fire. Soon the smell of steaks, bread and coffee ______________ that of fresh grass and earth. Other campers seemed to be doing the same. ______________ people were eating food and drinks or dancing to their hearts’ content, if _________________. What __________ night! (merry, mingle, dreary, to excess, here and there)

dreary

mingled with

Here and there

not to excess

a merry

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

2. Miss Florence, our music teacher, _________ to stop singing. I didn’t realize why until Sally told me ________________: “ You were not ______________________ the group!”

(in tune, in a whisper, call to)

call to us

in a whisper

in tune with

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

3. The angry wife poured a bucket of water over her drunken husband, who_________ immediately ____________ and stumbled _______________: “You can’t do without drinks? I ______________any excuses. You certainly don’t need it to _________________tongue!”

(hear of , turn loose, be wet through, backward)

was

wet through

backward

won’t hear of

turn loose your

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slide75

II. Words with Multiple Meanings

The Verb “ go”

Study the different meanings of the word go in the following sentences

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Vocabulary

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1. move from one place to another

The doctor came in the afternoon, and Sue had an excuse to go into the hallway as he left. (Text A, Unit 6, Book III )

Johnsy was sleeping when they went upstairs. (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

" You haven't seen any baseball." "Yes, I have. And I want to go home." (Text B, Unit 3, Book II)

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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2. leave a place

After the doctor had gone Sue went into the workroom and cried. (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

There goes another one. (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

3. become

Things began to go wrong when they returned the baby whale to the tank. (Text A, Unit 6, Book I)

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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4. (used together with "verb + -ing" or "for") carry out an activity

I want to turn loose my hold on everything, and go sailing down, down, just like one of those poor, tired leaves. (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

Sometimes we go for long walks in the woods. (Text B, Unit 2, Book II)

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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5. (go and do sth.) set about doing sth.

And she said if you were to ask me out to dinner, I should go and tell you that she is waiting for you in the big restaurant across the street. (Text A, Unit 5, Book I)

6. (be going to) (used to indicate a future state or event)

... he wondered how his friend was going to walk almost two miles and get over three fences. (Text B, Unit 2, Book I)

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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7. (be gone) no longer at a place

I'll not be gone a minute. (Text A, Unit 6, Book ffl) The light breeze that was once there was now gone. (Text A, Unit 5, Book II)

8. (let go) release; say or do no more about (sth.)

But I think I'll let this go for a while. (Text B, Unit 5, Book I)

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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9. die

When the last one falls I must go, too. (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

Now write sentences of your own, using “go” and the given words, and making additions and changes where necessary.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

  • Last month, he , Paris, business
  • ______________________________________
  • 2. Brussels, train, to , 2:25 p. m.
  • _____________________________________

He went to Paris on business last month.

The train to Brussels goes at 2:25 p.m.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

3. As soon as, they, arrive, the meadow, sheep, shepherd, let

_____________________________________

_____________________________________

4. Together, in the mountains, we, explore

_____________________________________

_____________________________________

As soon as they arrived at the meadow,

the shepherd let the sheep go.

We went exploring together in the mountains./

We will go exploring together in the mountains.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

5. Have a drink, bar, let’s

_____________________________________

6. Close up, store, soon

_____________________________________

Let’s go and have a drink in the bar.

The store is going to close up soon.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

7. Crazy, South Koreans, when, beat, Spanish team, soccer players, in the quarter-finals.

_____________________________________

_____________________________________

____________________________________

South Koreans went crazy when their

soccer players beat the Spanish team in

the quarter-finals.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

8. Out of, house, when, Mother, come, find, children, she

_____________________________________

_____________________________________

_____________________________________

When Mother came out of the house, she

found her children gone.

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III. Usage

The order of adjectives before a noun

When more than one adjective is used before a noun, the usual order is as follows:

Qualitative adj.-size/age/style adj.- color adj.- material adj. –purpose adj.-

e.g.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Vocabulary

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a fierce little old man (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

his old blue shirt (Text A, Unit 6, Book III)

the wonderfully cool exhibition hall (Text B, Unit 3, Book II)

a beautiful old French mahogany (红木) handmade cupboard

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

1.一幢白色的小木屋

______________________________________

2.长长的红色卷(curly)发

______________________________________

3.一张大的旧圆桌

______________________________________

a little white wooden house

long, curly red hair

a large old round table

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

4. 一家价格便宜的印度餐馆

____________________________________

5. 一大份冰凉的巧克力冰淇淋

____________________________________

6. 迅猛的技术进步

_____________________________________

a cheap Indian restaurant

a large cool chocolate ice-cream

rapid technological advance

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

7.一位英俊的美籍华裔青年

______________________________________

a handsome young Chinese Amercan

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1. Complete the following conversations after the model, using “smell/taste of” and the given words:

Model:— What condition was old Behrman in when Sue found him? — Sue found old Behrman _________. (gin)

(Sue found old Behrman smelling strongly of gin.)

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Structure

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NCE-B3

Unit 6: The Human Touch

1) — Something's got burnt!

— You're right.

______________________________ (kitchen, rubber)

2) — Would you like to try this?

—What is it? ___________________ (it, rose)

The kitchen smells of rubber.

It smells of rose.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

3) — What do you think of this dish?

— What is it made of? _________________

(it, fish)

4) — Waiter! Do you call this thing coffee?

___________________________________

(it, gasoline)

It tastes of fish.

It tastes of gasoline.

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2. Rewrite the following sentences after the model, using “by doing sth.”:

Model: Old Behrman served as a model to earn a little money.

Old Behrman earned a little money by serving as a model.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Structure

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slide96

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

  • I hit the spider and killed it.
  • ________________________________________
  • 2) The little girl sold matches to support herself.
  • _________________________________________
  • _________________________________________

I killed the spider by hitting it.

The little girl supported herself by selling matches.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

3) You can unlock the door if you turn the key to the right.

________________________________________

________________________________________

4) She screamed in order to get help.

_________________________________________

You can unlock the door by turning the key to the right.

She tried to get help by screaming.

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I. Cloze (A)

Complete the following passage with words chosen from the Words and Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where necessary.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Comprehensive Exercises

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slide99

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

I had only known Johnsy a few months when she fell _______(1) to the disease. We had met in May and, finding ourselves so much _______(2), had set up home together. Then, in November, she became ill. ________(3) able to speak ______ ______ ______ (4), she seemed unable to ______ _______(5) life. It was such a change. Before she had always been so lively and _______(6). Now she just _______ ______(7) in bed, staring out of the window. She had this strange belief that once the last leaf on the vine outside fell, she would die. I told her it was all __________(8), but to no effect. .

victim

in tune

Scarcely

in a whisper

cling to

merry

sat up

nonsense

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slide100

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

It was our downstairs neighbor, Mr. Behrman, who came to her rescue. When he heard of Johnsy's strange _______(9) he flew into a_______(10) temper, regarding it as a _______(11) that one so young should give up life so easily.

Thanks to Behrman, the last leaf never did fall. Late at night he had climbed up and painted the leaf on the wall. It was his long-promised _____________(12).

fancy

fierce

sin

masterpiece

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slide101

I. Cloze (B)

Fill in the gaps with any words you think fit:

Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Comprehensive Exercises

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Five years ago a female inmate (犯人) at Riker's Island told Jane Paley that she smelled wonderful. _________(1) president of Friendly Visitors, a 50-year-old organization ________(2) mission is “acts of loving kindness __________(3) don‘t involve large sums of money _________(4) hours of work,” Paley frequently went to the New York City________(5). That day, though, a spray of perfume (香水) went off in her head.

As

whose

that

or

jail

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Her

________(6) group had long donated money ________ (7) that the 100 women in the jail could ________(8) food and treats. Why ________(9) give them fancy toiletries (化装用品) too?

Paley and her crew of 35 women________(10)out the perfect way to get the goods: They asked friends to _________(11) hotel soaps, shampoos and lotions ___________(12) they travel. Volunteers bundle

so

buy

not

figured

collect

they

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

into

deliver

them _______(13) goody bags and _________(14) them to Riker's several times a year, _________(15) Christmas and Mother's Day.

"These mini-donations make the women ______________(16)beautiful," says Paley. " You can see them turn themselves around a little bit."

So, Paley continues, "If you're lucky enough to afford a vacation, ________(17) the soap and

including

feel

take

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

Bring

shampoos. ________(18)them to homeless shelters, battered women shelters or any organization ________ (19) need. It's a________(20) act that may mean a great deal."

in

small

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II. Translation

Translate the following passage into English, using the words and phrases given below.

Unit 6: The Human Touch

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Comprehensive Exercises

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

bare cling to fancy here and there in tune look the part

masterpiece persistent to excess stand out

我们到处都能看到“抢眼”的青年艺术家。他们要么一年四季穿着破旧的牛仔裤;要么大冬天也打赤脚;_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________

Here and there we see young artists who stand out from other people. They may be in worn out jeans all year round, or walk barefoot/ in bare feet even in winter,

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

bare cling to fancy here and there in tune look the part

masterpiece persistent to excess stand out

要么饮酒过度;要么就是抱着创作一部杰作的幻想,实际上并不做任何创作的事。

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

or drink to excess, or cling to the fancy of creating a masterpiece without actually doing any creative work.

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Unit 6: The Human Touch

NCE-B3

bare cling to fancy here and there in tune look the part

masterpiece persistent to excess stand out

其实,他们中的很多人只不过是为了看上去像名艺术家,或为了同其他艺术家“保持一致”才这么做的。他们忘了,只有通过不懈的努力才能获得成功。

__________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

In fact, many of them act like this just to look the part, or to be “in tune with” other artists. They have forgotten that only through persistent effort can one achieve success.

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