Spinning Jenny 1764 • Invented by James Hargreaves • Machines used to weave clothe together to make clothing,etc. • Increased Clothing production & the need for cotton.
Steam Engine 1769 • Invented by James Watt • Engine powered by steam from boiling water • Used in boats and trains for transportation • Used in mills to power looms (mills could be built anywhere now)
Thresher 1788 • Invented by Andrew Meikle • Separates grains from the stalk • Increased production in agricultural industry & farming trade.
Factory System 1790 • Samuel Slater secretly brought the ideas to America • Hundred of people work in one place manufacturing products • People move to city, work by the clock, and earn a wage
Cotton Gin 1793 • Invented by Eli Whitney • Separated seeds from cotton • Increased demand for cotton, which increased demand for slaves
Interchangeable Parts 1801 • Invented by Eli Whitney • Replacement pieces of exact specifications. Parts that are exactly alike. • Production became faster • Repairs easier & cheaper • decreased need for skilled labor.
Steamboat 1807 • Invented by Robert Fulton • Boats powered by steam engines rather then water wheels • Transportation became easier & faster and cities such as St. Louis developed. Aided in Westward expansion.
National Road 1815 • Proposed by Albert Gallatin • Road built from Maryland to Virginia • Easier route through the Appalachian Mountains • Allowed people to move about the country easier and aided with settlement of new areas.
Erie Canal 1825 • Proposed by John Calhoun • Waterway that linked NY city with Buffalo • Opened up Ohio for transportation of farm products & development • Westward expansion made easier.
Lowell Mills 1826 • Inventor:Francis Cabot Lowell • Date:1826 • Facts:Girls came to work 12 hour shifts & live in boarding homes. • Impact:Increased job opportunities for young, unmarried women; gave chance for education; put some workers in danger.
Mechanical Reaper 1834 • Invented by Cyrus McCormick • Cut ripe grains (oats, barley or wheat) • Made production 24 times faster
Steel Plow 1836 • Invented by John Deere • Steel plow did not break or dull in the hard, clay, rocky soil • Increased production and settlers expanded west
Telegraph 1837 • Invented by Samuel Morse • Device used to send messages • Improved communication by making it faster • Connected regions of the country together
Transcontinental Railroad 1869 • Inventor: Central Pacific Railroad and Union Pacific Railroad • Date: 1869 • Facts: Railroad that connected the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. • Impact: improved transportation as goods and people would be connected as they moved west.