Birthing and baby tests
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Birthing and baby tests. Ms. Perez . Bell ringer. What will it be like to give birth to a child (or to have your wife give birth)? Do you want to do it all naturally? Do you want to be in a hospital? What are some of your concerns?. 3 Stages of labor . 1 st stage .

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Bell ringer
Bell ringer

  • What will it be like to give birth to a child (or to have your wife give birth)? Do you want to do it all naturally? Do you want to be in a hospital? What are some of your concerns?

1 st stage
1st stage

  • During the first stage, uterine contractions begin (left) and are usually spaced from 10 to 20 minutes apart.

  • Initially the contractions are gentle, but they tend to become more powerful and sometimes uncomfortable.

  • The cervix dilates with each contraction (right), and the baby’s head rotates to fit through the mother’s pelvis.

2 nd stage
2nd stage

  • The second stage of labor usually lasts about 90 minutes.

  • During this stage, the cervix opens sufficiently and the baby begins to move down the birth canal.

  • The mother pushes, or bears down, in response to pressure against her pelvic muscles. The crown of the baby’s head becomes visible in the widened birth canal.


  • As the head emerges entirely (left) the physician turns the baby’s shoulders (right), which emerge one at a time with the next contractions.

  • The rest of the body then slides out relatively easily, and the umbilical cord is sealed and cut.

3 rd stage
3rd stage

  • Following the exit of the infant, the third stage of labor occurs.

  • The uterus continues to contract, expelling the severed umbilical cord and placenta, called the afterbirth.

  • The third stage occurs within ten minutes of the baby’s birth.

C section or cesarean birth
C section or Cesarean birth

  • Delivery or a baby by making surgical incisions in the mothers abdomen

  • Why C-section?

    • Mother too small

    • Baby too big

    • Fetal distress

    • Mother or child cannot tolerate labor

    • STDs

    • Previous C-section


  • Most women prefer some kind of anesthesia.

  • Natural (unmedicated) childbirth is becoming more popular because the anesthesia can make the newborn baby less alert after birth.

  • An epidural is given in the spinal sheath and numbs the patient from the waist down.

  • A paracervical block, also known as a cervical block numbs the cervix.

  • A pudendal block is given in the pudendal nerve and will numb the whole bottom and legs.

  • The cervix must dilate to some degree before any anesthesia is given. For this reason, a mother needs to learn some breathing and relaxation techniques.

After birth
After birth

  • APGAR Test

    • Given 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth

    • Babies are given a 0, 1, or 2 in 5 categories

    • Categories are

      • Heart Rate

      • Respiratory effort

      • Muscle tone

      • Reflex irritability

      • Color

Physical development
Physical development

  • Reflexes

  • Rooting

    • Turns head towards anything that brushing their face

    • Needed for survival


Moro reflex
Moro Reflex

  • Startle reflex

  • Infant reacts by flinging arms and legs and extending the head

  • Then the infant will pull arms together crying


Palmar grasp reflex
Palmar grasp reflex

  • When you touch an infants palm, they will grip your hand tightly


Babinski reflex
Babinski Reflex

  • Toes fan out when bottom of foot is touched

  • Stroke the sole of the foot from the outside of the from the heel to toe, toes will fan out and curl as the foot twists in.

  • Only lasts for the 1st year


Stepping or walking
Stepping or walking

  • Appears two-three months after birth

  • When babies are held so that feet are flat, babies will start to put one foot in front of the other


Motor development
Motor Development

  • Crawling vs. Creeping

  • Crawling=moving forward with belly on the floor pulling with arms and pushing with legs

  • Creeping=moving on hands and knees with stomach up, in quadruped.

Birthing and baby tests



Birthing and baby tests


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