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Introduction to TMN - Telecommunications Management Network. Yen-Cheng Chen http://www.im.tj.mcu.edu.tw/~ycchen/ yencheng@mcu.edu.tw. Contents. 1. Introduction 2. TMN Functional Architecture 3. TMN Physical Architecture 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI Systems Management

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slide1

Introduction to TMN

- Telecommunications Management Network

Yen-Cheng Chen

http://www.im.tj.mcu.edu.tw/~ycchen/

yencheng@mcu.edu.tw

contents
Contents
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Conclusions
here we are
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
tmn definition
TMN Definition

Telecommunications Management Network :

A TMN is a support network that interfaces to the

telecommunications network to provide the means for transporting and processing Operations, Administration, Maintenance, Provisioning, and Management (OAM&P) information.

tmn definition1
TMN Definition
  • TMN provides a framework for achieving interconnectivity and communication across heterogeneous operations systems and telecommunications networks.
  • TMN was developed by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) as an infrastructure to support management and deployment of dynamic telecommunications services.
slide7
TMN 應用
  • SDH同步數位光纖網路
  • ATM非同步傳輸模式交換系統
  • PACS個人接取通信服務
  • GSM行動電話
  • IN智慧型網路
  • IOSS 維運支援系統整合
tmn recommendations
TMN Recommendations

M.3000 series: TMN Overall Principles and Framework.

M.3000: Tutorial Introduction to TMN

M.3010: Principles for a TMN.

M.3020: TMN Interface Specification Methodology.

M.3100 series: TMN Models and Object Definitions.

M.3100: Generic Network Information Model.

M.3180: Catalogue of TMN Management Information.

M.3200 series: TMN Management Services.

M.3200: TMN Management Services: Overview.

M.3300 series: Aspects for workstations connected to TMN.

M.3300: TMN Management Capabilities presented at the F Interface.

M.3400 series: Management Functions supporting TMN Services.

M.3400: TMN Management Functions.

other tmn recommendations
Other TMN Recommendations

M.60 Section2: TMN Terminology & Definitions.

Q.811: Lower Layer Protocol Profiles for the Q3 Interface.

Q.812: Upper Layer Protocol Profiles for the Q3 Interface.

Q.821: Stage 2 and Stage 3 Descriptions for the Q3 Interface -Alarm Surveillance.

Q.822: Stage 1, Stage 2 and Stage 3 Description for the Q3 Interface - Performance Management.

G.773: Protocol Suite for Q Interface for Management for Transmission Systems.

G.774: SDH Management Information Model for the Network Element View.

here we are1
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
tmn functional architecture
TMN Functional Architecture
    • TMN functional architecture is based on a number of
    • TMN function blocks:
  • OSF (Operations Systems Function)
  • MF (Mediation Function)
  • WSF (Work Station Function)
  • NEF (Network Element Function)
  • QAF (Q Adaptor Function)

TMN

OSF

WSF

MF

QAF

NEF

tmn function blocks
TMN Function Blocks
  • Operations Systems Function (OSF) block:
    • For monitoring/coordinating and/or controlling telecommunications
    • functions including management functions.
  • Network Element Function (NEF) block:
    • For the purpose of being monitored and/or controlled.
  • Workstation Function (WSF) block:
    • For interpreting TMN information for the management information
    • user.
    • Support for interfacing to a human user.
tmn function blocks cont
TMN Function Blocks (cont.)
  • Mediation Function (MF) block:
    • Acts on information passing between an OSF and NEF (or QAF) to
    • achieve smooth and efficient communication.
    • MF blocks may store, adapt, filter, threshold, and condense information.
  • Q Adaptor Function (QAF) block:
    • To connect those non-TMN NEFs and OSFs to TMN.
    • To translate between a TMN reference point and a non-TMN
    • reference point (e.g., proprietary).
reference points
Reference Points
  • Reference point:
  • Conceptual point of information exchange between non-overlapping management function blocks.
  • TMN reference points:
  • . q reference points
    • - qx: Between NEF and MF, QAF and MF, MF and MF
    • - q3: Between NEF and OSF, QAF and OSF, MF and OSF, OSF and OSF
  • . f reference points
    • - Between WSF and OSF, WSF and MF
  • . x reference points
    • - Between the OSF function blocks in different TMNs
reference points cont
Reference Points (cont.)
  • non-TMN reference points:
    • g reference points
    • - Between human users and the WSF
    • m reference points
    • - Between QAF and non-TMN managed entities
here we are2
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
tmn physical architecture
TMN Physical Architecture

The TMN is represented by several building blocks that provide an overall embodiment of the management issues and functions of TMN.

tmn building blocks
TMN Building Blocks
  • Operations System (OS)
    • The OS is the system performing OSFs.
  • Mediation Device (MD)
    • The MD is the device performing MFs.
  • Q Adaptor (QA)
    • The QA is a device which connects NEs or OSs with non-TMN compatibale interfaces to Qx or Q3 interfaces.
  • Network Element (NE)
    • The NE is comprised of telecommunication equipment (in
    • groups, parts, or the whole) and support equipment that
    • performs NEFs.
slide20

TMN Building Blocks (cont.)

  • Workstation (WS)
    • The WS is the system performing WSFs.
    • The WSFs translate information at the f reference point to a
  • displayable format at the g reference point, and vice versa.
  • Data Communication Network (DCN)
  • The DCN is a communication network within a TMN which
  • supports the data communication function (DCF).
  • The DCN represents an implementation of the OSI layers 1 to 3.
tmn standard interfaces
TMN Standard Interfaces
  • The interoperable interface defines the protocol suite and the messages carried by the protocol.
  • Three TMN Standard Interfaces:
    • Q interface, F interface, X interface
  • TMN Standard Interfaces:
  • Q interface, applied at q reference points
  • Qx: is applied at the qx reference points.
  • Q3: is applied at the q3 reference points.
  • * Qxand Q3 are distinguished primarily by the information they carry.
tmn standard interfaces1
TMN Standard Interfaces

F interface, applied at f reference points

F connects WSs to the OSF or MF through a DCN.

X interface, applied at x reference points

X interconnects two TMNs or interconnects a TMN with another management network which accommodates a TMN-like interface.

relationship of tmn interfaces to tmn building blocks

TMN

OS

X/F/Q3

X

F

DCN

WS

Q3/F

MD

Q3

Q3

QX

DCN

QX

QX

QA

NE

NE

QA

Relationship of TMN Interfaces to TMN Building Blocks

TMN

here we are3
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
tmn vs osi management
TMN vs. OSI Management
  • 1. TMN follows OSI systems management concept.
  • 2. TMN uses OSI Guidelines for the Definition of
  • Managed Objects (GDMO) to define managed objects.
    • (Management Information Modeling)
  • 3. TMN uses OSI CMIS/CMIP to exchange management
    • information. (Management Communication Protocol)
  • 4. TMN uses OSI Systems Management Functions (SMF)
    • and defines new management functions.
    • (Systems Management Functions)
  • 5. TMN may use FTAM for file transfer type service.
telecommunications management services and functions
Telecommunications Management Services and Functions

Telecommunications Management Services and Components

. . .

Management of

Transmission Paths

Management of

Switched Network

Management of

Customer Services

Telecommunications Management Functions

. . .

Fault

correction

Restoration

Provisioning

Monitoring

Verification

OSI Systems Management Functions

. . .

Log Control

SMF

Event Report

SMF

Object

SMF

Accounting

Meter SMF

ACSE + ROSE + CMISE

here we are4
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
tmn logical layer model
TMN Logical Layer Model

TMN supplies a model of logical layers that define or suggest the management level for specific functionality.

  • Business Management Layer
  • Service Management Layer
  • Network Management Layer
  • Element Management Layer
  • Network Element Layer
tmn logical layer model1

BML

SML

NML

Network

OS

EML

OS

EML

OS

MD for

Network OS

EML

MD

MD

NEL

QA for

Network OS

Q-Adapter

Network Element

TMN Logical Layer Model
bml sml
BML & SML
  • BML
    • High-level planning, budgeting, goal setting, executive decisions, business level agreements (BLAs), etc.
  • SML
    • Uses information presented by NML to manage contracted service to existing and potential customers.
    • This is the basic point of contact with customers for provisioning, accounts, quality of service, and fault management.
    • The key point for interaction with service providers and with other administrative domains.
nml eml
NML & EML
  • NML
    • NML has visibility of the entire network, based on the NE information presented by the EML OSs.
    • The NML manages individual NEs and all NEs as a group.
    • The NML coordinates all network activities and supports the demands of the SML.
  • EML
    • Manages each network element.
    • EML element managers, or OSs, are responsible for the TMN-manageable information in certain network elements.
slide33
NEL
  • NEL
    • The NEL presents the TMN-manageable information in an individual NE.
    • Both the Q-Adapter, which adapts between TMN and non-TMN information, and the NE are located in the NEL.
here we are5
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
key technologies for tmn
Key Technologies for TMN

1. Managed Object Modeling and Interpretation.

2. Underlying Management Communication Protocols (CMIS/P).

3. Management Platform Based on Standard OSI Systems Management Functions.

4. Interoperability Issues Due to the Permitted Options in OSI Protocols.

5. Object-Oriented Technology.

6. Distributed Processing Technology

7. Q Adaption of Existing Proprietary Management Applications.

8. Domain Knowledge in Telecommunications.

here we are6
Here We Are
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. TMN Functional Architecture
  • 3. TMN Physical Architecture
  • 4. Relationship Between TMN and OSI
    • Systems Management
  • 5. TMN Logical Layer Model
  • 6. Key Technologies for TMN
  • 7. Concluding Remarks
concluding remarks
Concluding Remarks

1. Public telecommunication liberalization will lead to the demand of TMN compliant products.

2. Standardization of telecommunications network management is still in progress.

3. TMN will be adopted for the management of telecommunications network elements/equipment with new technology. (e.g., SDH, ATM, B-ISDN, IN)

4. OSI management technology is the key to the success of TMN.