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Valuing ecosystems – can it help business make better decisions?. 1 Pollination. The total economic value of insect pollination worldwide? €49 Billion €153 Billion €387 Billion TEEB, 2010. Synthesis. 2 Deepwater Horizon Damages.

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Presentation Transcript
1 pollination
1 Pollination

The total economic value of insect pollination worldwide?

€49 Billion

€153 Billion

€387 Billion

TEEB, 2010. Synthesis

2 deepwater horizon damages
2 Deepwater Horizon Damages

Value oftheecosystemservicesthatare lost due totheDeepwaterHorizonoilspill in presentvalue (3.5% discount rate)?

US$130 billion

US$670 billion

US$980 billion

Source: Costanza, R., Batker, D., Day, J., Feagin, R.A., Martinez, M.L., Roman, J., 2010. The Perfect Spill: Solutions for Averting the Next Deepwater Horizon.

3 mangroves
3 Mangroves

Mangroves provide coastal protection for free. How much would it cost to replace this function?

US$1.320 per ha

US$3.679 per ha

US$5.235 per ha

Source: Sathirathai, S., Barbier, E. (2001), Valuating Mangrove Conservation in Southern Thailand

4 puma s ep l
4 PUMA‘s EP&L

PUMA calculated the environmental costs in 2010 for water, GHGs, land-use, air pollution and waste production for the entire production process globally. How high werethosecosts?

275 Million Euro

145 Million Euro

71 Million Euro

5 puma ii
5 PUMA II

…andthisequalswhatpercentageofthecompany‘s2010 profits?

10%

45%

70%

valuation of ecosystems
Valuation of Ecosystems

The environment is considered a public good

It can be used and destroyed at no cost

Valuation can help to internalize adverse impacts and foster sustainable behaviour

But:

Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services (BES) are very complex, hard to measure, harder to value …..

Should everything be valued?

What happens to the species with „no value“?

valuation in a corporate context
Valuation in a Corporate Context

We are at a very early stage, but the instrument CEV has great potential:

raise awareness among companies for the value of BES

include BES in the decision making process

First lessons learned

Estimates depend strongly on assumptions:

5 studies – 5 Values for CO2, range $4,1/tCO2e -66€/tCO2e

Valuation Method

Benefit Transfer is the method of choice but does it deliver robust estimates?

Learning by doing: More companies should test the tool!

what s next
What‘s next?

Reporting the environmental damages should be mandatory.

Quantify impacts – yes! But does valuation add value?

Knowing the impacts is good but…

… so far no costs have been internalized!

Can the costs be passed on to the consumer?

How can effective compensation be ensured?

Can indirect integration of costs by using market-based instruments such as emissions trading be an alternative?

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Contact

Marion Hammerl

Marion.hammerl@

bodensee-stiftung.org

Global Nature Fund (GNF)

Tobias Hartmann

hartmann@globalnature.org

This time without you!