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Staphylococcus aureus Skin Infections. Typical Staph Skin Infections. Staph aureus are bacteria that commonly cause skin infections. 20 to 30% of healthy people have Staph on their skin.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3
Staph aureus are bacteria that commonly cause skin infections.
  • 20 to 30% of healthy people have Staph on their skin.
  • Staph are resistant to some antibiotics, but all Staph infections can be treated with one or more antibiotics.
  • Some populations, like athletes, military recruits, children, and prisoners are at higher risk of Staph infections.
  • The risk of infection is increased when there are cuts in the skin, close skin-to-skin contact, crowded living conditions, poor hygiene, and contaminated items and surfaces.
slide4
Staph infection can be prevented through practicing good hygiene:1. Keep hands clean by washing with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. 2. Keep cuts and scrapes clean and covered with a bandage until healed. 3. Avoid contact with other people’s wounds and bandages 4. Avoid sharing personal items such as towels or razors.
  • Employees and students with Staph infections do not need to be excluded from work or school if their wounds are clean and covered.
s aureus colonization
S. aureus Colonization
  • About 30% of people are COLONIZED
  • Average 2.8 strains /person
  • Colonization more frequent in
    • Newborns
    • Hemodialysis patients
    • People with skin diseases like dermatitis, eczema
    • Diabetics
  • Colonization may last for months to years
sites of colonization
Sites of Colonization
  • IN and Around the NOSE
  • WOUNDS
  • Armpit, groin, genital and perianal area, rectum
mode of transmission
Mode of Transmission
  • From person to person by colonized hands
  • Rarely from environment
  • General routine cleaning & disinfection of housekeeping surfaces and patient-care surfaces adequate for inactivation of MRSA
  • MRSA susceptible to many low-level and intermediate-level disinfectants
  • One tablespoon of bleach in a gallon of water
community outbreaks
Community Outbreaks
  • Competitive sports +++
  • Correctional facilities ++++
  • School +
  • Day care centers +
  • Families +
prevention of staph infection
Prevention of Staph infection:
  • Promote good hygienic standards
    • Handwashing, plain soap OK
    • Showers
    • Do not pick, press, touch wounds, boils and other skin infections
    • Avoid sharing personal items like towels and razors