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Lesson 26. The Keys ; The Two Main Teachings of the Bible. Matthew 18:15-20. List the steps of church discipline: - you and the other person alone - 2 or 3 others - take it to the church - treat them as a pagan or tax collector What kind of “ sinner ” is God talking about?.

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lesson 26

Lesson 26

The Keys; The Two Main Teachings of the Bible

matthew 18 15 20
Matthew 18:15-20
  • List the steps of church discipline:
  • - you and the other person alone
  • - 2 or 3 others
  • - take it to the church
  • - treat them as a pagan or tax collector
  • What kind of “sinner” is God talking about?
matthew 18 15 201
Matthew 18:15-20
  • List the steps of church discipline:
  • - you and the other person alone
  • - 2 or 3 others
  • - take it to the church
  • - treat them as a pagan or tax collector
  • What kind of “sinner” is God talking about? One who is unrepentant
matthew 18 15 202
Matthew 18:15-20
  • What does it mean to treat them as a pagan or tax collector?
  • What does it mean to “bind” sins?
  • What does it mean to “loose” sins?
  • How many need to gather for God to be with them?
matthew 18 15 203
Matthew 18:15-20
  • What does it mean to treat them as a pagan or tax collector? To tell them that they are on the way to hell unless they repent
  • What does it mean to “bind” sins?
  • What does it mean to “loose” sins?
  • How many need to gather for God to be with them?
matthew 18 15 204
Matthew 18:15-20
  • What does it mean to treat them as a pagan or tax collector? To tell them that they are on the way to hell unless they repent
  • What does it mean to “bind” sins? Not to forgive
  • What does it mean to “loose” sins?
  • How many need to gather for God to be with them?
matthew 18 15 205
Matthew 18:15-20
  • What does it mean to treat them as a pagan or tax collector? To tell them that they are on the way to hell unless they repent
  • What does it mean to “bind” sins? Not to forgive
  • What does it mean to “loose” sins? To forgive
  • How many need to gather for God to be with them?
matthew 18 15 206
Matthew 18:15-20
  • What does it mean to treat them as a pagan or tax collector? To tell them that they are on the way to hell unless they repent
  • What does it mean to “bind” sins? Not to forgive
  • What does it mean to “loose” sins? To forgive
  • How many need to gather for God to be with them? 2 or 3
matthew 16 13 20
Matthew 16:13-20
  • What are the two keys to the kingdom of heaven?
  • To whom are these keys given?
matthew 16 13 201
Matthew 16:13-20
  • What are the two keys to the kingdom of heaven? The binding key and the loosing key
  • To whom are these keys given?
matthew 16 13 202
Matthew 16:13-20
  • What are the two keys to the kingdom of heaven? The binding key and the loosing key
  • To whom are these keys given? All Christians (cf. John 20:23)
matthew 7 1 5
Matthew 7:1-5
  • In Matthew 7:1, what does Jesus mean when he tells us not to “judge”? (Compare to Matthew 18:15)
matthew 7 1 51
Matthew 7:1-5
  • In Matthew 7:1, what does Jesus mean when he tells us not to “judge”? (Compare to Matthew 18:15)
  • Do not judge hypocritically or self-righteously
matthew 7 1 52
Matthew 7:1-5
  • In v 3-5, what is his point about the speck and the plank? (Ephesians 4:15; 4:25-32)
matthew 7 1 53
Matthew 7:1-5
  • In v 3-5, what is his point about the speck and the plank? (Ephesians 4:15; 4:25-32)
  • Recognize your own sins first so that you can clearly recognize others’ sins
discussion
Discussion
  • When is it my business to point out sin and when is it not my business?
  • When I see it happen
  • Pointing out sin is self righteous.
  • It is loving for that other person, you want them to go to heaven, not hell
the bible and my life
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the two main teachings of the Bible?
  • John 1:17 – For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
the bible and my life1
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the two main teachings of the Bible?
  • John 1:17 – For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
  • Law
the bible and my life2
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the two main teachings of the Bible?
  • Romans 1:16 – For I am not ashamed of the gospel because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes.
the bible and my life3
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the two main teachings of the Bible?
  • Romans 1:16 – For I am not ashamed of the gospel because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes.
  • Gospel
the bible and my life4
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the two main teachings of the Bible?
  • Law and Gospel
the bible and my life5
The Bible and My Life
  • What is the purpose of the law?
  • Romans 3:20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
the bible and my life6
The Bible and My Life
  • What is the purpose of the law?
  • Romans 3:20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
the bible and my life7
The Bible and My Life
  • What is the purpose of the law?
  • Romans 3:20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
  • To show us our sin and need for a Savior
the bible and my life8
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • 1 Timothy 1:9–10 9We also know that law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, 10 for adulterers and perverts, for slave traders and liars and perjurers—and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine
the bible and my life9
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • 1 Timothy 1:9–10 9We also know that law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, 10 for adulterers and perverts, for slave traders and liars and perjurers—and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine
the bible and my life10
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • 1 Timothy 1:9–10 9We also know that law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, 10 for adulterers and perverts, for slave traders and liars and perjurers—and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine
  • Law as a curb
the bible and my life11
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • Romans 7:7 What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “Do not covet.”
the bible and my life12
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • Romans 7:7 What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “Do not covet.”
the bible and my life13
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • Romans 7:7 What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “Do not covet.”
  • Law as a mirror
the bible and my life14
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • 2 Corinthians 5:15 And he died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves but for him who died for them and was raised again.
the bible and my life15
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • 2 Corinthians 5:15 And he died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves but for him who died for them and was raised again.
the bible and my life16
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • 2 Corinthians 5:15 And he died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves but for him who died for them and was raised again.
  • Law as guide
the bible and my life17
The Bible and My Life
  • What are the three uses of the law?
  • Law as curb, mirror, and guide
the bible and my life18
The Bible and My Life
  • What is the purpose of the gospel?
  • John 20:31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
the bible and my life19
The Bible and My Life
  • What is the purpose of the gospel?
  • John 20:31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
the bible and my life20
The Bible and My Life
  • What is the purpose of the gospel?
  • John 20:31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
  • Show us our Savior, and what he has done to save us
the bible and my life21
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 1 John 1:8, 10 – If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we claim we have not sinned, we make him out to be a liar and his word has no place in our lives.
the bible and my life22
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 1 John 1:8, 10 – If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we claim we have not sinned, we make him out to be a liar and his word has no place in our lives.
  • Not forgive people who do not admit sin
the bible and my life23
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 1 Corinthians 5:5 – Hand this man over to Satan, so that the sinful nature may be destroyed and his spirit saved on the day of the Lord.
the bible and my life24
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 1 Corinthians 5:5 – Hand this man over to Satan, so that the sinful nature may be destroyed and his spirit saved on the day of the Lord.
  • Not forgive to destroy sinful nature
the bible and my life25
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 1 John 1:9 – If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.
the bible and my life26
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 1 John 1:9 – If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.
  • Forgive people who confess
the bible and my life27
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 2 Corinthians 2:7 – You ought to forgive and comfort him, so that he will not be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow.
the bible and my life28
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • 2 Corinthians 2:7 – You ought to forgive and comfort him, so that he will not be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow.
  • Forgive and comfort people who confess
the bible and my life29
The Bible and My Life
  • How do we use the Keys?
  • Answer – We use the keys lovingly both to refuse forgiveness to the impenitent and to forgive the sins of the penitent.
  • *When we use the binding key, we are attempting to lead the person to repentance and away from hell.
the bible and my life30
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • 2 Corinthians 2:10 – If you forgive anyone, I also forgive him…in the sight of Christ for your sake.
the bible and my life31
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • 2 Corinthians 2:10 – If you forgive anyone, I also forgive him…in the sight of Christ for your sake.
  • Paul is speaking here as the pastor for this church
the bible and my life32
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • 1 Peter 5:2 – Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, serving as overseers.
the bible and my life33
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • 1 Peter 5:2 – Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, serving as overseers.
  • Overseers = pastors
the bible and my life34
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • Matthew 18:18 and 20 – I tell you the truth, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. For where two or three come together in my name, there am I with them.
the bible and my life35
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • Matthew 18:18 and 20 – I tell you the truth, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. For where two or three come together in my name, there am I with them.
  • All Christians can use the Keys privately
the bible and my life36
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can use the Keys?
  • Answer – The keys are administered privately by all Christians and publicly in a congregation through its pastor. The pastor is called to shepherd the church and uses the Keys as if used by God himself.
defintions
Defintions
  • Excommunication – The act of excluding from the congregation those who are plainly impenitent that they may repent.
defintions1
Defintions
  • Excommunication – The act of excluding from the congregation those who are plainly impenitent that they may repent.
  • Absolution – The announcement after a confession of sins that God has forgiven our sins because Jesus died for them.
the bible and my life37
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • Ephesians 4:11 - It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers,
the bible and my life38
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • Ephesians 4:11 - It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers,
  • Someone called by God
the bible and my life39
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • Acts 20:28 Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.
the bible and my life40
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • Acts 20:28 Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.
  • Someone watching over the church of God
the bible and my life41
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • 2 Timothy 4:2,5 - Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction. But you, keep your head in all situations, endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, discharge all the duties of your ministry.
the bible and my life42
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • 2 Timothy 4:2,5 - Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction. But you, keep your head in all situations, endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, discharge all the duties of your ministry.
  • Someone able to preach and teach
the bible and my life43
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • Titus 1:6-9 6 An elder must be blameless, the husband of but one wife, a man whose children believe and are not open to the charge of being wild and disobedient. 7 Since an overseer is entrusted with God’s work, he must be blameless—not overbearing, not quick-tempered, not given to drunkenness, not violent, not pursuing dishonest gain. 8 Rather he must be hospitable, one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined. 9 He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.
the bible and my life44
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • Titus 1:6-9 6 An elder must be blameless, the husband of but one wife, a man whose children believe and are not open to the charge of being wild and disobedient. 7 Since an overseer is entrusted with God’s work, he must be blameless—not overbearing, not quick-tempered, not given to drunkenness, not violent, not pursuing dishonest gain. 8 Rather he must be hospitable, one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined. 9 He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.
  • People who have the qualities that God looks for in a leader.
the bible and my life45
The Bible and My Life
  • Who can be a pastor, a public minister of a congregation?
  • God sets down the specific qualifications that a pastor/leader must have.
the bible and my life46
The Bible and My Life
  • Public Ministry:
  • A man or woman called by a congregation to use the keys publicly for them as a teacher or staff ministry.
  • A man called by a congregation to use the keys publicly for them as a pastor.
the bible and my life47
The Bible and My Life
  • Other Forms of the Public Ministry:
  • Turn to page 271-272 in the Catechism.
homework
Homework!
  • Look at the end of the last page of your notes!
homework1
Homework
  • Memory Work
    • Old Testament books
    • New Testament books (Matthew – Revelation)
    • Third Article with meaning
  • Study notes and quizzes (Lessons 21-26) for a test!!!!
  • Read: Matthew 6:5-15; Luke 11:1-13