Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Language Endangerment and Preservation: Spanish in the U.S. and Aboriginal languages in Australia . LG474 Ashley Nuzum Olivia Leung Harina Fong Twinkle Foo Katrina Furnell. What is Language Endangerment? . Language Endangerment is where a language is at risk of losing all it’s speakers.
1. Its status: economic, social and historical.
2. Its territorial distribution and population demographics: absolute numbers, birth rates, marriage patterns, migrations.
3. Its institutional support: in media, education, government as well as religious, social and cultural activities
Collection of linguistic and cultural data of an endangered language.
Attempt to maintain a language rather than displace it with a more dominant language.
Attempt to increase the number of speakers of an endangered language.
Celtic language spoken in Cornwall.
Died out in approx. 1777. Revival process started in 1904.
In 2002, Cornish was officially recognised as a minority language in Britain.
Status was changed from ‘extinct’ to ‘critically endangered’ in 2010.
An indigenous language of New Zealand.
In 1980s less than 20% of the Maori could speak it well enough to be classed as native speakers of the Language.
Maori Language Week - encourages New Zealanders to use/support the language.
The Maori Act 1987 – Maori gained official language status in New Zealand, and speakers were able to use Maori in a legal setting.
USA is meant to be a country of multiculturalism and multilingualism.
The United States tried to achieve English as the sole language of instruction in education by e.g:
Using bilingual education as a tool to promote learning English.
Reforming federal education policy.
Spanish population: 14% of the US population
California: the most Spanish speakers (28.56% of US Spanish speakers)
The language Rights Project of the American Civil Liberties Union Foundation of Northern California(1994):
Language preservation is not a 'popular' issue, and the large majority of the global population is unaware of the rate of language death
Many Aboriginal languages and dialects became extinct because their speakers were forbidden to use native language under white Australian assimilation policies.
The history of forced resettlement on reserves, the placing of many thousands of children in institutions, and the loss of land and culture
New South Wales Aboriginal Languages Research and Resource Centre
Master-Apprentice Language Learning Program
Yuwaalaraaly and Gamilaraay language project
Miromaa Computer Program
Salaberry, M. Rafael. (2009) Language Allegiances And Bilingualism In The US, Cromwell Press Group, Great Britain.
Douglas A. Kibbee. (1998) Language legislation & linguistic rights, Amsterdam.
Coulmas, F. (1997) The Handbook of Sociolinguistics, Blackwell Publishers Ltd, UK.
Del Valle, Sandra. 2003. Language Rights & the Law in the United States. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters
Brenzinger, M & de Graaf, T., Contribution to the UNESCO encyclopedia of life support systems (EOLSS), 'Documenting Endangered Languages and Language Maintenance', http://www.mercator-research.eu/research-projects/endangered-languages/
Valdes, G., et al. (2006) Developing Minority Language Resources: The case of Spanish in California UK: MPG Books Ltd.
Potowski, K. (2010) Language Diversity in the USA Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
UNESCO Ad Hoc Expert Group on Endangered Languages (2003), 'Language Vitality and Endangerment', Paris,http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/src/00120-EN.pdf
Wardhaugh, R.(2010), An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell