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This tribe settled in west-central Italy establishing a village along the Tiber River. Latins Visigoths Etruscans Carthaginians. _____ 1. As a scientific group, early humans were called ….. Cro-Magnon Homo sapiens Hominids Neanderthals. Hominids.

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This tribe settled in west-central

Italy establishing a village along

the Tiber River.

  • Latins
  • Visigoths
  • Etruscans
  • Carthaginians
1 as a scientific group early humans were called cro magnon homo sapiens hominids neanderthals

_____ 1. As a scientific group, early humans were called …..Cro-MagnonHomo sapiensHominidsNeanderthals


A society’s culture would include all of the following except…Religious beliefsskin colorlawstools used


The Stone Age was a period when early man used very crude tools and weapons. Which of the following would not be a period of the Stone Age?NeolithicPaleolithicAustralopithecusMesolithic


What species does modern manbelong in?Homo HabilisHomo SapiensHomo ErectusNo correct answer given


During this period, sea waters froze dropping water levels creating landbridges for early migrations.Ice AgeStone AgeAtomic AgeMiddle Ages


Early humans were scavengers and often traveled in search of new sources of animals, plants, and water. We could describe such people as being..nomadshunters & gatherersshepherdsboth a & b are correct answers


. The shift from food gathering to growing food is called the …..Neolithic Agricultural RevolutionIndustrial RevolutionMesolithic Cultural RevolutionNo correct answer given

civilization began in the following river valleys except nile tigris euphrates amazon indus huang

Civilization began in the following river valleys except:NileTigris & EuphratesAmazonIndusHuang


Early agricultural societies used thismethod to get water to their crops.reclamationirrigationfloodssprinkler


Societies that built permanent settlements, produced surplus food, and wereable to practice division of labor were often considered to be ……civilizeduncivilizedhunters-gatherersnomads


. The spread of ideas and ways of lifethrough trade and contact with other societiesis known as ………….. cultural diffusionprimary sourcescivilizationdivision of labor


Early civilizations were almost exclusively built along or around this geographic feature.mountainsriversplateausoceans


The end of the Stone Age began when humans started workingwith which of the three Metals?lead, copper, tingold, silver, bronzecopper, bronze, ironsteel, aluminum, silver


Deities, or gods and goddesses were used by ancient societies to explain what?planets & starsunseen forces in naturesuperiority of mensocial authority


A.D. or Anno Domini is Latinfor …………….the Birth of Christthe Death of Christthe Year of the Lordthe Fall of Rome


B.C. is used on calendars todesignate …………the Birth of Christthe Death of Christthe Year of the Lordthe Fall of Rome


This river served as the center of the Egyptian Civilization. It is thelongest in the world and in ancient times flooded at the same time each year.TigrisNileEuphratesAmazon

the ancient egyptians developed this form of writing hieroglyphics cunieform alphabet vernacular

The Ancient Egyptians developed this form of writing.HieroglyphicsCunieformAlphabetVernacular


This was found in the early 1800’s, allowing modern historians to translate early Egyptian writing.StonehengeRosetta StoneDead Sea ScrollsCave drawing in Europe


During the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians built many of these massive structures that served as tombs.PyramidsZigguratsCitadelsMausoleums


The word dynasty is often used to describe ………..a ruling familya class of prieststhe upper classthe officials that kept records


The site of many of Egypt’s largest pyramids built as early as 4,600 years ago.CairoSinaiGizaAlexandria


The Egyptians made contributions in all of the following fields except:GeometryChemistryMedicineNumber system based on ten


The art practiced by Egyptians to preserve bodies after death was…mummificationembalmingdehydrationreclamation


Wealthy Egyptians were often buried with all of the following except:clothingDead Sea Scrollsweaponsfoodno correct answer for this question


Groups of people often engaged in trade who traveled together for safety over long distances.caravanswagon trainsnomadsmigrants


This area of good farmland arcing from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea was settled by Neolithic farmers around 5,000 b.c. making it among the first civilized areas on Earth.Olduvai GorgeFertile CrescentNeander ValleyNile River Valley


These rivers flowing from Asia Minor to the Persian Gulf surrounded thearea of land known as Mesopotamia.Nile and ZambeziYellow and YangtzeVolga and DneiperTigris and Euphrates


The wedge shaped pictograph form of writing developed by the Sumerians pressed into clay tablets.HieroglyphicsCunieformAlphabetVernacular


This was the most common ancient political structure that included a city and its surrounding territory. They were independent and self-governing.empirecapitalcity-statemanor


In the 18th century b.c., this city became the capital of a new empire that took control of much of Mesopotamia.BabylonUrNinevehAkkad


This Babylonian king received fame for writing what is considered the first law code with about 282 laws.The punishments for breaking the laws were very harsh.SargonNebuchadnezzarAmenhotepHammurabi


This epic about a legendary king of Sumer is among the oldest works of literature known to man.GilgameshThe AeniadThe Iliad & The OdysseyThe Book of Genesis


This Chaldean king is credited with rebuilding the city of Babylon and conquering much of the Fertile Crescent.SargonNebuchadnezzarAmenhotepHammurabi


The ancient Harappan civilization of India was built along this river.HarappaIndusGangesBrahmaputra


These two mountain ranges helped to isolate India from other civilizations in its early existence.Alps & PyreneesUrals & GhatsGreat Rift & AtlasHimalayas & Hindu Kush


This river in Northern India flows southeast through a fertile valley and is now the center of major Indian population.HarappaIndusGangesBrahmaputra


These winds determine the seasons in India as they blow in a southern direction from the Himalayas in the cool and dry season, or in a northerly direction from the Indian Ocean bringing warmer temperatures and heavy rains.MonsoonsTyphoonsHurricanesTsunamis


Due to the fact that it is cut off from the rest of Asia by mountains and water, India is often referred to as a ……ContinentCradle of CivilizationSub-ContinentFertile Crescent


A strong fortress built in the center of ancient cities in India to protect the people in the event of an invasion were called a/an…………StuppaPyramidCitadelAcropolis


The Early Chinese civilization developed in this area of the Far East, a coastal area along the Yellow Sea.Gobi DesertCentral HighlandsTibetan PlateauNorth China Plain


. “China’s Sorrow” is the expression used to describe the……….Constant earthquakes in ChinaFlooding of the Huang RiverThe death of the first emperorMonsoon season


China’s first historic or recorded dynasty was the _____?_____ which ruled China for over 500 years.ZhouShangXiaHan

the religious belief that spirits inhabit everything is known as atheism deism buddhism animism

The religious belief that spirits inhabit everything is known as:AtheismDeismBuddhismAnimism

variations of one s native language are called dialects analects accent colloquialism

Variations of one’s native language are called:dialectsanalectsaccentcolloquialism


Believed to be among the first to work with iron, this society is known for its “enlightened” legal system that applied the death penalty for major crimes.AssyriansChaldeansHittitesPersians


The Assyrians would be most closely related to what social characteristic?fierce warriorsgreat scientistsreligious principlessocial justice


This society will build the largest empire in the ancient world beginning around 550 b.c. They will invade but be defeated by the Greeks.AssyriansChaldeansHittitesPersians


The Persian prophet Zoroaster taught all of the following religious ideas except:*people are on earth to train for a future life*forces of good and evil constantly battle*the world would last forever*people who chose good over evil would be rewarded


Phoenicia, a loose union of city-states, is credited with all of the following except:having great sailors and tradersdeveloping hieroglyphicsproducing purple dyeinventing glassblowingspreading culture through trade

the phoenicians developed this writing system alphabet hieroglyphics cyrillic alphabet cunieform

The Phoenicians developed thiswriting system.AlphabetHieroglyphicsCyrillic AlphabetCunieform


The trading of goods and services for other goods and services is this form of economy.CapitalistBarterCommunistMoney


The geographic area along the Mediterranean, south of Phoenicia where the Hebrews settled.The SinaiPhilistiaCanaanSyria


The story of the Hebrew escape from Egypt and their journey through the Sinai to Israel is called ____?____ which is a book in the Old Testament. GenesisGospelsDeuteronomyExodus


This Hebrew leader will lead his tribe out of Egypt and into the Sinai where he will retrieve the moral laws of God.AbrahamMosesJosephSaul


The Hebrews drove this tribe in Southern Canaan out of the “promised land” in a struggle that lasted 200 years.HyksosPhilistinesAssyriansPhoenicians


This city was made the capital and religious center of the Hebrew people by their second king.DamascusJerusalemJerichoAmman


The Hebrews were one of the first societies to develop, and the first to maintain the belief in one God which is called……….MonotheismMonogamyMonismMonotony


The Hebrews are credited with all of the following cultural contributions except:MonotheismThe religion of JudaismThe Ten CommandmentsA single god of nature or glorified humanNo correct answer given for this question.


This tribe would rule Rome

establishing a monarchy and

greatly influencing Roman Culture.






Under this form of government

voters elect officials to run

the state.

  • Direct democracy
  • monarchy
  • oligarchy
  • republic

The most powerful of Rome’s

three governing bodies. It

controlled public funds and

foreign policy

  • assembly
  • consuls
  • senate
  • praetors

Latin for “I forbid”. This order

Prevents an act from becoming law.

  • veto
  • veni
  • vedi
  • vici

The aristocracy (upper class)

of Roman society

  • equites
  • Legions
  • patricians
  • plebeians

The lower class of Rome society

  • equites
  • legions
  • patricians
  • plebeians

A division in the Roman army

with 4,500 to 6,000 men

  • regiment
  • legion
  • platoon
  • phalanx

The _________ was the major

pubic square in Rome where

the laws were published

and the government met here.

  • agora
  • acropolis
  • forum
  • citadel
  • colosseum

The laws of Rome were called

  • Law of Twelve Tables
  • Justinian’s Codes
  • Roman Constitution
  • Draco’s Codes

The language of the Romans

  • Etruscan
  • Umbrian
  • Sicilian
  • Latin

A Phoenician colony in

North Africa. It became

a enemy of Rome.

  • Troy
  • Tyre
  • Syracuse
  • Carthage

The three conflicts between

Rome and Carthage

  • Punic Wars
  • Trojan Wars
  • Persian Wars
  • African Wars

Hannibal (general from Carthage)

used the following weapons or tactics

in his invasion of Rome except

  • horses and elephants
  • destruction of Rome’s farms and
  • livestock
  • capture and destruction of Rome’s
  • cities
  • an alliance with Macedonia against
  • the Romans

The capture and destruction

of Rome’s cities


All of the following were problems

created by Roman expansion except

  • conquered people made citizens
  • farmers will lose their lands
  • Rome will become dependent on
  • their provinces for grain
  • a lack of jobs in the cities

All of the following would be

considered reasons that helped Rome

build and maintain the empire except

  • organized a strong government
  • trade and a good transportation
  • system
  • never revised their laws
  • a strong army

The major reward for serving

in the Roman army for people

living in the provinces was …

  • promise of citizenship
  • an education
  • great amount of money
  • free housing

The was the venue (location)

of great chariot races in Rome


Circus Maximus




Unlike the Greeks, the Romans

learned to build with …

  • columns
  • marble
  • arches and vaulted domes
  • no correct answer given

The basis for modern

Romance languages was the

language of Rome, Latin.

All of the following are Romance

languages except

  • English
  • French
  • Italian
  • Spanish

Roman brothers that held positions

of Tribunes. They were both killed

which began a period of Civil War in

Rome. They wanted to help the poor.

  • Julius and Augustus Caesar
  • Brutus and Cassius
  • Pompey and Crassus
  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus

This popular general received

fame fighting a campaign in Gaul.

He was a member of the First

Triumvirate. He marched his legions

into Rome defeating his rival.

  • Julius Caesar
  • Gaius Marius
  • Augustus Caesar
  • Gnaeus Pompey

Three of the following men were

members of the Second Triumvirate.

They formed to avenge the death

of Caesar.

Which man was not a member?

  • Marcus Aurelius
  • Marc Antony
  • Lepidus
  • Octavian

The period of Roman history

known as Pax Romana was …

Caesar’s murder

200 years of peace

rule of Roman dictators

wars on the Roman frontier


This was the title given to

Octavian by the senate meaning

“the revered one”.


dictator for life




A period of great cultural

progress is often referred to

as a society’s ….

  • Golden Age
  • Dark Age
  • Renaissance
  • Silver Age

The temple in Athens built to

honor the goddess, Athena. It is

the most recognized structure in

Athens today.

  • Pantheon
  • Parthenon
  • Coliseum
  • Acropolis

All of the following were

characteristics of Greek

art except

  • glorified human beings
  • symbolized pride in their city-states
  • combination of beauty and usefulness
  • expressed complexity and over
  • indulgence

One of the greatest contributions of

the Greeks was in the study of

__________, the seeking of wisdom

or the study of the basic questions

of reality.

  • deism
  • philosophy
  • humanism
  • stoicism

The second of the Greek philosophers-

He founded the Academy in Athens. He

wrote the book called The Republic and

he felt that the aristocracy was the

best form of government.

  • Aristotle
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Pythagoras

All of the following were beliefs

of Aristotle except

all areas of knowledge must be

studied logically

wrote Ethics in an attempt to find

what makes people happy

all material things were imperfect

expressions of perfect forms

classified plants and animals


wrote Ethics in an attempt

to find what makes people happy


The first of the three Greek

philosophers – he believed that

education was the key to personal


He wanted students to think for

themselves. He was executed.






the “father of medical science”

  • Herodotus
  • Thucydides
  • Hippocrates
  • Archimedes

The Greek drama that deals with

fate and the lead character’s

struggles. The hero always

suffers a tragic end.

  • satire
  • comedy
  • hubris
  • tragedy

He was king of Macedon and

he conquered much of the

Greek’s peninsula.

  • Alexander
  • Pericles
  • Julius Caesar
  • Philip II

He succeeded his father at a young age.

He defeated Persia and he

established a huge empire.

He died at 33 years of age.

  • Alexander
  • Demosthenes
  • Pericles
  • Philip II

The combination of Greek

and Eastern cultures which

was a dream of Alexander’s.

  • Hellenic
  • Persian
  • Classical
  • Hellenistic

Alexander’s empire extended

all the way to this river in

the east

  • Indus
  • Tigris
  • Yangtze
  • Euphrates

Alexandria, Egypt was built by

Alexander and named for him. It

Is known for all of the following except

  • the largest Hellenistic city
  • a leading commercial center
  • a library with thousands of scrolls
  • the place where Alexander died

All of the following were four

chief schools of philosophy

in Ancient Greece except

  • Cynicism
  • Deism
  • Epicureanism
  • Stoicism
  • Skepticism

The philosopher Zeno believed all

of the following except

divine reason directs the world

people should accept their fate

people should be very emotional

everyone has a spark of the

divine within them


people should be

very emotional


Euclid contributed important work

to the development of

what field of study?

  • geometry
  • philosophy
  • theology
  • history

Archimedes contributed all of

the following except

  • compound pulley
  • water screw
  • pi (to determine the circumference
  • of a circle?
  • principles of the lever
  • no correct answer is given

In 621 BC, Draco wrote the

first _____ in Greek history.

  • poetry
  • tragedy
  • comedy
  • law code

All of the following describes the

geography of the Greek peninsula


  • mountain ranges separated villages
  • a long uneven coastline
  • long rivers that aided transportation
  • no correct answer

This advanced ancient civilization

was located on the island of Crete

and traded with the civilizations

around the Aegean Sea.

  • Mycenaean
  • Dorian
  • Minoan
  • Ionian

The most common form of political

structure in Greece; these independent

and self-governing communities were

both loyal and highly competitive.

  • city-state
  • nation-state
  • acropolis
  • metropolis

Most Greek city-states shared all of

the following characteristics except

large area of land

fort on a hill

relatively small population

only free adult males

were citizens


The high area or hill within a

Greek polis was called a ….

  • citadel
  • castle
  • acropolis
  • metropolis

The blind Greek poet who wrote

two early epics

  • Virgil
  • Hippocrates
  • Homer
  • Herodotus

This city on Asia Minor was the site

of the Mycenaean invasion described

in the Illiad.

  • Athens
  • Mycenae
  • Sparta
  • Troy

The religion of the Ancient Greeks

had all of the following characteristics


  • polytheistic
  • emphasized high morality
  • gods had human emotions
  • religion could bring certain
  • benefits

a traditional story or legend




oral tradition


The head or the king of the

Greek gods was …

  • Zeus
  • Apollo
  • Jupiter
  • Hades

Rule by one individual in Ancient Greece

who rose to power illegally and

rule by an unjust or cruel ruler

  • monarchy
  • dictatorship
  • tyranny
  • emperor

Government by the people

Citizens take an active part

  • monarchy
  • republic (representative democracy)
  • democracy (direct)
  • oligarchy

The Spartan society is best

remembered in history for

its strong _________

  • military
  • culture
  • democratic government
  • philosophy

The city-state of Athens

is best remembered historically

for its _____________

  • emphasis on the military
  • uniting Greece into a nation
  • government and culture
  • giving all residents citizenship

This Athenian leader gave all

citizens the right to hold office.

  • Solon
  • Cleisthenes
  • Draco
  • Pericles

In a direct democracy citizens …

  • elect people to pass laws for them
  • propose and pass laws themselves
  • have little if no real political power
  • are only allowed to propose laws

In a representative democracy

(republic) citizens ….

  • elect people to pass laws for them
  • propose and pass laws themselves
  • have little if no real political power
  • are only allowed to propose laws

Of the following, what were women

permitted to do in Athens?

  • own property
  • vote
  • manage the household
  • appear in public without the
  • husband’s permission

These men opened schools for older

Greek boys. The translation means

“wise” and these men were called


  • sophists
  • philosophers
  • pedagogues
  • orators

The art of public speaking was

called ….

  • theology
  • ethics
  • rhetoric
  • philosophy

The battles of Marathon, Thermopylae

and Salamis were all fought in this


  • Trojan War
  • Persian War
  • Peloponnesian War
  • Macedonian War

The effects of the Peloponnesian War

include all the following except

Sparta formed an alliance with Persia.

Athens will increase its power within


Democracy in Athens will be

temporarily replaced with an


All of Greece will be weakened due to

27 years of fighting.


Athens will increase

its power within Greece