SOMATOTYPES. A Somatotype is another name for Body build or Physique . It describes how thin, fat or muscular you are. Different Somatotypes suit different activities for a variety of reasons.
A Somatotype is another name for Body build or Physique. It describes how thin, fat or muscular you are. Different Somatotypes suit different activities for a variety of reasons.
By the end of today’s lesson you should know what the three extreme Somatotypes are, be able to describe each one and understand how a combination of body types helps athletes to become elite performers in their chosen activities.
These are the three ‘extreme’ Somatotypes. Let us look in greater detail at each of them, starting with a picture of Mr. Pashley in his trunks by the side of the Pool on a dark night.
The first type of Somatotype we are going to
examine is the MESOMORPH.
Look at the picture and comment on shape
of head, overall body shape, proportion of
fat & muscle, shoulders and waist.
Characteristics of a Mesomorph
Large square head
V or wedge shaped body
Very little fat
High proportion of muscle
Mis for Muscles or Mr. Pashley!!
Paula Radcliffe is a good example of an
Ectomorph body type.
T is for Thin or Twig-like
Shape of face
Width of ankles & wrists compared to rest of body
Overall body shape
D is for Dumpy or Doughnuts
A clip or a picture of a person playing a Sport will be shown.
Your task is to write down the Sport and say which
Somatotype is best suited to that activity and WHY !
First Activity: Long Distance Running
Long Distance Running
Carrying excess weight in the form of muscle is a drain on Endurance levels and will fatigue the athlete faster. Little body fat is a definite advantage too and we would expect Long Distance runners to have very low levels of fat due to the amount of training they do over a typical week.
Look at the clip and say which body type is best suited to Rugby. Look out especially for the crunching tackles and their body shape!
Some (but not all) positions in Rugby require bulk and power to
increase their chances of making or breaking tackles. Therefore the
best Somatotype for this situation is a MESO-ENDOMORPH.
Discuss the qualities and Somatotype needed to be an effective Winger in Rugby. Watch this clip of a Winger scoring a try to give you some ideas.
If you are a Winger in Rugby, your job is more reliant on Speed rather than tackling ability. You need to be aware that sometimes
different positions IN THE SAME GAME require different body
types to be effective.