Life Supporting Technologies. Telecare, Design for All and Independent Living. Alejandro Rodríguez Ascaso ETSI TC HF (STF 264) [email protected] Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Human Factors and the Digital Home Workshop. ETSI, October 22 nd 2004. Disability demographics.
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People with disabilities in Spain
From 6 to 15
From 16 to 44
From 45 to 64
From 65 to 84
Between 6 and 64
Older than 64
“Independent Living means that we demand the same choices and control in our every-day lives that our non-disabled brothers and sisters, neighbors and friends take for granted. We want to grow up in our families, go to the neighborhood school, use the same bus as our neighbors, work in jobs that are in line with our education and interests, and start families of our own” Adolf Ratzka, 1992.
“Nothing about us without us”, David Werner, 1998
“Institution residents have many much more serious health problems than elderly people who live independently, and they have much less access to the resources that would allow them to continue living independently with such health problems.”
With relatives (14%)
In an institution (2,5%)
At home (78,8%)
Most housing is designed for young, active and mobile people
In Spain, more than one half of people with disabilities between 6 y 64 (70% for 65+) face problems when performing daily living activities (DLA).
(Design for All + AT)
Personal Assistance is based in services provided by persons who help people with disability to perform activities. For instance, those which can not be performed only with technological solutions
Rest of the
TA for the
TA for the
TELECARE INTEGRAL MODEL
Home Safety &
UNIFIED ACCESS POINTS ASSESMENT COORDINATION
“Encuesta sobre Discapacidades, Deficiencias y Estados de Salud, 1999”. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2000. http://www.ine.es/proyectos/discapaci/discacid.htm
SESPAS Report, 2004. Spanish Society of Public Health
Social and Cultural Planning Office of the Netherlands.
“Report on the elderly” Chapter 13: Financial status and activities of elderly people in Residential care. 1996