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The History of Healthcare. Prehistory and the Ancient World. Believed that illness and disease was caused by supernatural spirits and demons. Herbs and plants were used as medicine Sometimes performed surgery such as trepanation (boring a hole in the head)

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prehistory and the ancient world
Prehistory and the Ancient World
  • Believed that illness and disease was caused by supernatural spirits and demons.
  • Herbs and plants were used as medicine
  • Sometimes performed surgery such as trepanation (boring a hole in the head)

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/inca-skull-surgery.html

religion in medicine
Religion in Medicine
  • Asclepius was the Greek God of Healing
  • People went to his temple to pray for cures
  • His symbol was a snake
  • Other people during this time used Healers or nature for cures
hippocrates
Hippocrates
  • Is known as the Father of Medicine
  • Practiced and taught medicine around 400B.C. in Greece
  • Recorded signs and symptoms of many diseases
  • He and his students followed a strict ethical code, swearing to maintain patient privacy and

to never harm someone on purpose.

  • Doctors still swear by this oath today,

called the Hippocratic Oath.

galen 200a d
Galen- 200A.D.
  • Was also Greek
  • Was appointed as a physician to the gladiators
  • Galen documented the importance of the spinal cord to limb movement.
  • Cured breathing difficulties by performing tracheotomies, still used today.
  • Dissected animals to learn more about

the human body

slide6
Galen believed in the four humors- blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile.
  • He believed an imbalance in any one of these humors resulted in sickness of the body.
  • These humors were balanced by

bloodletting.

  • http://www.pbs.org/wnet/redgold/media_players/basics_humorsT1.html
middle ages 500a d 1500
Middle Ages 500A.D.-1500
  • Reason replaced spiritual and superstitious causes for illness.
  • Barber-surgeons- besides cutting hair,

they also treated cataracts, amputated

limbs, and burned the stumps of

limbs to seal the blood vessels.

  • Barber shop symbol-
  • Regulation of medical care began-

Physicians were licensed after formal

training.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JVQO0a4mMWs

the renaissance 1500 1700
The Renaissance 1500-1700
  • Artists Michaelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci used dissection to be able to draw the human body more realistically.
  • The printing press allowed knowledge to be spread to others.
  • Andreas Vesalius published the first

book on Human Anatomy. He proved

Galen wrong.

  • The microscope was invented
the industrial revolution 1700 1900
The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900
  • Many changes came in healthcare due to the introduction of machines.
  • Stethoscopes , better microscopes so that blood cells and bacteria could be seen.
  • Joseph Lister insisted on cleaning hands and instruments before moving to another patient. We call this MEDICAL ASEPSIS. He was made fun of.
  • The use of ether to anesthetize began so that surgery could be painless.
modern times
Modern Times
  • Rapid growth in healthcare
  • Antibiotics
  • X-ray’s
  • Cancer treatment
  • Organ transplants
  • Medicines
  • computers