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Sexually Transmitted Diseases . STD Transmission. Any sexual activity that brings an uninfected person in contact with infected fluids Contaminated Genitals Direct Contact with open sores Mother and baby before or during birth and breastfeeding . Types of STD’s. Viral

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std transmission
STD Transmission
  • Any sexual activity that brings an uninfected person in contact with infected fluids
  • Contaminated Genitals
  • Direct Contact with open sores
  • Mother and baby before or during birth and breastfeeding
types of std s
Types of STD’s

Viral

Will never be cured, only symptoms can be treated

Bacterial

Easily cured if discovered early in the disease

Parasite

Can be easily cured

with creams and

shampoos

chlamydia1
Chlamydia

Bacterial

  • Bacteria infects reproductive organs causing a mucus discharge
  • Highest rate of infection is in the 15-19 age group
chlamydia2

Can be treated by antibiotics

Chlamydia

Symptoms

  • Can have NO SYMPTOMS
  • Pain during urination
  • Dischargefrom vagina and penis
  • Can Cause PID
  • If untreated can cause infertility
  • Mother to child
    • Can cause blindness
chlamydia3
Chlamydia

Recap:

gonorrhea
Gonorrhea

Intro to Gonorrhea

gonorrhea1
Gonorrhea

Sometimes it is called "the clap" or "the drip."

Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a kind of bacteria that is passed during sexual contact. It can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, or throat.

  • Symptoms in Females
    • Pain during urination
    • Vaginal Discharge
    • Pain in the abdomen and pelvic region
  • Symptoms in Males
    • Pain during urination
    • Discharge from penis

Can be Cured by taking antibiotics

It affects about 600,000 women and

men in the United States every year.

Bacterial

Often NO SYMPTOMS

gonorrhea2
Gonorrhea
  • Females
    • Can cause PID which in turn leads to ectopic pregnancy or infertility
  • Males
    • Can cause scarring of the urethra making urination painful and swelling of the testicles which can lead to infertility

An ectopic pregnancy is an abnormal pregnancy that occurs outside the womb (uterus)

If passed to a newborn it can cause

Blindness, Joint Infections, or

life threatening Blood Infections

If left UNTREATED :

gonorrhea3
Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea in the News Today

syphilis
Syphilis

Male and Females have the same symptoms

  • PHASE 1
    • A painless ulcer (chancre) where the bacteria entered
    • Sores occur:
      • external genitals, vagina, anus, rectum, lips and in the mouth.
    • Antibiotics will cure at this point

The ulcer or Chancre will not

appear for 3 – 90 days after infection

A bacterium that causes ulcers and can spread through the blood

syphilis1
Syphilis
  • PHASE 2

(4-10 weeks after infection)

    • Fever
    • Rash
    • Swollen Lymph Nodes
    • Joint Pain
    • Muscle Aches
syphilis2
Syphilis
  • PHASE 3

(2 or more years after infection)

    • Heart and Nervous System damages including blindness and loss of mental abilities
    • Possible Death

Infants of infected mothers

can experience mental disabilities,

deafness, and death

syphilis3
Syphilis
  • Syphilis is passed from person to person through direct contact with a sore
  • Transmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex
human papilloma virus hpv a virus that is the leading cause for cervical cancer
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)A Virus that is the leading Cause for Cervical Cancer
  • Genital and anal warts (pink or reddish warts)
  • There will be an Abnormal pap smear
  • Causes 99% of all cervical cancer
  • Genital and anal warts
  • Increased risk of developing genital cancers
  • There is no way to test men for HPV

Virus often has NO signs or symptoms

There is NO CURE

Females

Males

human papilloma virus hpv1
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • HPV can be passed through ‘skin to skin’ contact
  • HPV can be passed on even when the infected partner has no signs or symptoms
human papilloma virus hpv2
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

There are about 6 million new cases of genital HPV*

in the United States each year. It’s estimated that

74% of them occur in 15- to 24-year-olds.

herpes
Herpes

Viral

  • Generally cold sores and fever blisters around the mouth
  • Cases of the genitals

There are two different Strands HSV-1 and HSV-2

Both types can be passed to newborn infants from mother if she has sores at the time of birth

HSV-1

HSV-2

genital herpes virus that leads to outbreaks in the genital region
Genital HerpesVirus that leads to outbreaks in the genital region

There is

NO CURE

  • Little to no symptoms
  • Red bumps, blisters, and recurrent sores on or around the genitals (the first out break is always the worst)
  • Fever with first infection
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes
  • Medications shorten outbreaks and reduce frequency
genital herpes
Genital Herpes
  • Transmission is possible even through the use of latex condoms
  • There are currently 45 million people in the US living with Herpes
  • Infection is more common in women (1:4), than men (1:5)
hepatitis virus that leads to inflammation of the liver
Hepatitis Virus that leads to inflammation of the liver
  • Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are sexually transmitted and life threatening
  • There is a vaccine for Hepatitis B, but there is no cure
slide30

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis B

hepatitis
Hepatitis
  • Jaundice
  • Tiredness and muscle aches
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Darkening of the urine
  • Liver damage
  • Liver failure
  • Liver cancer
  • Premature death

Affects are the same for both males and females

Short Term

Long Term

pubic lice or crabs a parasite that can be cured with shampoos or creams
Pubic Lice or Crabsa parasite that can be cured with shampoos or creams
  • The lice crawl on skin and lay eggs on the hair follicle
  • The lice are spread by skin-to-skin contact
  • Causes intense itching
trichomoniasis caused by a parasite and is easily cured when diagnosed
TrichomoniasisCaused by a parasite and is easily cured when diagnosed
  • Discomfort with intercourse
  • Itching of the inner thighs and vagina
  • Vaginal discharge (thin, greenish-yellow, frothy or foamy)
  • Swelling of the labia
  • Vaginal odor (foul or strong smell)
  • Males might not have any symptoms but can still transmit disease
  • Burning after urination or ejaculation
  • Itching of urethra
  • Slight discharge from urethra

The highest number of

cases are seen

in women between ages 16 and 35

Easily cured with Medication

Females

Males

bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial Vaginosis
  • An abnormal balance of bacteria in the vagina
  • Symptoms include:
    • Discharge
    • Odor
    • Pain
    • Itching
    • Burning
  • Is more likely to occur if:
    • Multiple sex partners
    • Douche
    • Pregnant
    • Use of IUD’s