Youth Entrepreneurship Development in Conflict Affected Environments Programme Yes… Entrepreneurship! But Where To Begin? Vin Morar
Entrepreneurship Development: Actors, Instruments & Driving Forces ACTORS INSTRUMENTS DRIVING FORCES OBJECTIVES General Policy Framework Private Sector Regulatory Framework Macro Infrastructure Business Development Facilitating Institutions: Finance Government Meso New Jobs Wealth Creation Facilitating Institutions:Business Support Services Micro Technical & Management Skills Associations (Employer/Employee) Business Culture
Entrepreneurship Development: Driving Forces • Facilitating Institutions: • Finance • Investment capital • Working capital • formal / informal financing • General Policy Framework • Policy for SSE development • Policy co-ordination • Macroeconomic environment • Political situation • Regulatory Framework • Licensing/registration • Taxes • Commercial laws • Facilitating Institutions: Business Support Services • Information • Training & advice • Technology • Market linkages Enabling Environment Catalysts • Infrastructure • Industrial sites/Incubators • Power • Telecommunication • Roads/rail Technical & Mgmt Skills Business Culture
Entrepreneurship – A holistic development model Intrapreneurship International DEVELOPMENT Internationalisation Growth Survival STAKEHOLDERS Development agencies/Intermediaries/Researchers/ Policy makers/Trainers/Advisers/Government Time INITIATION National Start-Up Graduates Youths CULTURE Regional Schools & Colleges
Mission SPARK develops higher education and entrepreneurship to empower young, ambitious people to lead their conflict affected societies into prosperity.
The Learning Pyramid and Enterprise Rationale for Enterprise Didactic TRADITIONAL PASSIVE KNOWLEDGE RETENTION RATE 5% LECTURE 10% READING 20% ENTERPRISE ACTIVE AUDIO-VISUAL 30% DEMONSTRATION 50% DISCUSSION GROUP 75% PRACTICE BY DOING Kinesthetic 90% TEACH OTHERS/IMMEDIATE USE OF LEARNING National Training Laboratories Bethel, Maine, USA Audiovisual Methods in Teaching Dale Edgar, 1969, New York, USA
Enterprise Pedagogy Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle Stage 1 Having an experience Stage 4 Planning the next steps Stage 2 Reviewing the experience Stage 3 Concluding from the experience
Yes… Entrepreneurship! But Where To Begin? Conclusions Given the challenges and uncertainties within conflict affected countries, Entrepreneurship development should begin by creating: An enabling environment via appropriate macro, meso and micro initiatives An enterprising culture via appropriate enterpriseeducation pedagogies