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OASIS The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OASIS The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

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OASIS The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

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  1. OASISThe Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards Laura WalkerExecutive Director

  2. OASIS Dedicated to the Advancement of Structured Information Standards - XML - - SGML - - CGM -

  3. OASIS • OASIS is a member consortium dedicated to the advancement of structured Information standards, such as SGML, XML and CGM. • Members of OASIS are providers, users and specialists of standards-based technologies and include organizations, individuals and industry groups. www.oasis-open.org

  4. Schemas, Vocabularies, and XML.org Bill SmithPresident - OASIS The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

  5. Accounting Content Syndication Education Electronic Data Interchange Enterprise Resource Planning Finance Healthcare Human Resources Intellectual Property Rights Insurance News Real Estate Science (Math, Genome Research, etc.) Travel Web Applications Industries & XML Vocabularies

  6. Definitions • Schema: “a proposed arrangement” • Vocabulary: “words used in a language …” • Semantics: “branch of linguistics concerned with meaning” www.oasis-open.org Concise Oxford Dictionary

  7. Why build a schema? • Rules • Establish a shared language • Provides platform for building distributed solutions • Production level process control • Predictability and uniformity • Stops surprises • Validation • Avoid needing to infer intent from content • Machines aren’t good at this • Interoperability www.oasis-open.org

  8. I will not be: • Comparing languages • DTD • DCD • XML Data • XML Schema • Going into deep technical detail • Judging schemas presented • Discussing Privacy laws! www.oasis-open.org

  9. “XML Me” • Personal Information • Name • Laura Walker; Walker, L.; Walker, Laura, laurawalker@earthlink.net; lawalker@oasis-open.org; www.laurawalker.com • Address • Date of Birth • National Insurance Number • History (education, work) • Relationship with family • Spouse • Children www.oasis-open.org

  10. “XML Me” buys... • Banking services • Credit • Insurance • Health care • Utilities • Tax! All include same set of core information www.oasis-open.org

  11. “XML Me” Prefers • Food products • Purchasing profile • Books, audio, …… • “If you enjoyed this ….. “ • Travel • Frequent flyer • Car hire • Hotel • Restaurants www.oasis-open.org

  12. “XML Me” goes on a trip • Research, book and pay on-line • Flights - frequent flyer profile • Hotel • Car hire • Insurance • Visa • Also capture on-line information about destination • Timetables • Restaurants • Places to visit www.oasis-open.org

  13. While travelling …. • Lose luggage • Insurance claim • Change existing booking • Make new bookings • Find new restaurant • Pay e-cash • Capture details for future reference • Learn to dive • Make new contacts • Keep in touch www.oasis-open.org

  14. On return ….. • Decide to change job • Update resume, including new interest • Post resume • Pay credit card • e-banking • Join diving association • Subscription • Update XML Me • Provide feedback to external sources Then I decide to move to Brazil! www.oasis-open.org

  15. “XML Me” must be: • International • Heterogeneous, Open and Equitable • Extensible • Capture new information and summarise old • Human and machine readable • Usable and maintainable by others • Aggregation and conjunction • Reusable • Element and entity, both out and in bound www.oasis-open.org

  16. Vocabulary Development • Scope • Identify and build community • Develop and test • Publish • Maintain www.oasis-open.org

  17. Consider: • Elements, attributes and relationships • Examine application internally & externally • Human to machine and machine to machine • Requirements down and up stream • Look for points of interoperability and integration • Often at the portal • Build consensus with others • Anarchy results if everyone did their own thing • HTML has made the web usable • Do not reinvent wheel www.oasis-open.org

  18. What is an <etap62>? • It might mean something to your app • Does your customer understand? • Does your trading community understand? • Does it semantically describe the data? • Human readability • Unambiguous • Is there an industry term? • Medical glossaries and thesauri www.oasis-open.org

  19. Case for registry and repository • References to existing resources • Internet string search • Printed materials • Authenticity • Multiple copies on multiple locations • Where is latest? • Naming • Public identifiers should be unique and meaningful • Access • Delivery of resources as reliable as Web • “404 file not found” www.oasis-open.org

  20. Sample schemas

  21. Example schemas • Published in public domain • Working to gain community consensus • Industry partners • Industry and global ‘standards’ groups • Share concepts • “method of payment”, “currency”, “customer” • Have common requirements • EDI in Insurance, Healthcare, Finance, Manufacturing • An industry may have more than one answer • Finance: FinXML, FpML, FIXML, FXRML www.oasis-open.org

  22. Where does the work happen? Learned societies Global bodies/govt Industry groups www.oasis-open.org Independent industry organisations Foundations Inside the company Informal groupings

  23. ACORDwww.acord.org • Insurance industry standards association • Standards to enable and enhance information sharing (AL3, Forms, ObjX, OLifE) • Property/casualty, POS document, common facilities, life • ANSI X12 and UN EDIFACT • Implement in COM and JAVA • XML • Capitalise on existing standards investment • Enable distributed computing on internet • Interoperability between COM and JAVA www.acord.org

  24. ACORD - XML Adoptionwww.acord.org • Prevent growth of non-standard schemas • Multiple, uncoordinated, more costly • Need to move fast • XML for Life Insurance • Based on OLifE • Started Nov 98, approved June 99 • Property/casualty Insurance Dictionary • Based on AL3 & ObjX • Started May 99, completed Sept 99 • XML Transactions for e-commerce • Ongoing www.acord.org

  25. Open Travel Alliancewww.disa.org/opentravel.com/ • Travel industry one of largest e-commerce participants • Current methods up to 30 years old • ResTeletype • UN/EDIFACT • “efficient and effective exchange of travel industry information via the Internet” • New products, services at lower cost • Development of more distribution channels and choices • Improve links between consumer, distributor and supplier www.disa.org/opentravel.com/

  26. Open Travel Alliancewww.disa.org/opentravel.com/index.htm • Travel industry organisations • Air WG: inc. American, Delta, KLM, United, • Hotel WG: inc. Bass, Hilton, Marriott, Swissotel • Car WG: inc. Avis, Budget, Hertz • Other travel WG: rail, bus, cruise • Non-supplier: travel agents, ISPs • Develop dictionary of common usage terms • Make better use of Internet • Airline “passenger” = hotel “guest” = travel agency “client” = car hire “customer” • v.1.0 in 4th quarter 99. www.disa.org/opentravel.com/

  27. RosettaNetwww.rosettanet.org • Global non-profit consortium • e-commerce framework to align processes in IT supply chain • Amex, Cisco, Compaq, Computacenter, EDS, FedEx, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Netscape, Oracle, SAP, … • Server-to-server business exchange • Partner Interface Process (PIP) • Describe transactions, business rules and models • XML document: PIP Service, Transactions, Messages and dictionary properties • Class and sequence diagrams in UML • Validation tool • Implementation Guide • 100 defined www.rosettanet.org

  28. RosettaNet eConcertwww.rosettanet.org • Master dictionary (June 99) • Properties for products, partners, business transactions • Common definitions of “price”, “shipping”, “processor speed”, “modem”, etc • Pilot • Update catalogs and purchase products • Resourced from 15 members • 2/2/2000 • Rollout to all member companies • Encode product catalog data, exchange purchase orders, coordinate product launches www.rosettanet.org

  29. E-content • HTML • Common desktop • User support & Help systems • Interactive training • Knowledge bases • Content syndication • Information and Content Exchange Protocol (ICE) • Managed exchange of web site assets www.oasis-open.org

  30. HR-XMLwww.hr-xml.org • Currently incorporating as non-profit • Recruiting and staffing • Employee benefit transactions • Provisional schemas (Sept 99) • Job Posting • Candidate Profile • Resume www.hr-xml.org

  31. Common Business Library (CBL) www.marketsite.net/xml/ • Developed at Commerce One, Inc. • Proof of concept e-commerce language • Reference model • Platform and application heterogeneity • Components communicate through shared language, vocabulary and business concepts • Integration at semantic level • XML Building blocks and document framework • Assemble and extend to develop XML applications • Reusability • Preserve existing EDI investments www.marketsite.net/xml/

  32. Common Business Library (CBL)www.marketsite.net/xml/ • Information models for generic business concepts • Business primitives: company, services, etc • Business forms: catalogs, purchase order, invoices, etc • Standard measurements: date, time, country, language, etc • Collaboration with industry initiatives • CommerceNet’s eCo Working Group, Oasis, UN/SIMPL-EDI, BizTalk • Publicly available • Applied in Commerce One product • MarketSite www.marketsite.net/xml/

  33. Recent News • eCo Interoperabilty Framework (16/10) • Part of CommerceNet eCo Framework Initiative • ISIS XML/EDI (16/10) • Best practices for creating XML/EDI DTDs (Draft) • Meta Data Coalition (4/10) • XML Spec. for Open Information Model • Core metadata types for operational, data warehousing and knowledge management • X12 form XML group (18/10) • Endorse ebXML www.oasis-open.org/cover

  34. ebXML • Electronic Business XML • UN/CEFACT • Facilitation of World Trade (EDI) • OASIS • Advancement of Structured information Standards (XML) • Enabling Small & Medium Sized Enterprises • Co-ordination of multiple initiatives www.oasis-open.org

  35. Help! • Not core business • Never done it before • Need special resources to: • Research & develop • Publish • Maintain • Are there stable standards? • How to gain acceptance of result? www.oasis-open.org

  36. "When we teach people about XML, one of the first questions they ask is always 'where do I go to find DTD’s?’ It's a good question, and I'm delighted to see OASIS going to work on building a good answer.” -- Tim Bray - co-editor of XML1.0 www.xml.org

  37. OASIS Resources

  38. The XML Cover Page • A comprehensive online database containing reference information and software pertaining to SGML and XML. • A News Column: “What’s New?” • A cumulative annotated bibliography with over 2000 entries. • “Simply, the best source of XML information and XML related news on Net. An incredible achievement.” -- Ontology.org www.oasis-open.org/cover

  39. XML.org The XML Industry Portal

  40. XML.org provides • Input • See how others have solved …… • Visibility/Distribution • Make my schema public • Schema resources for community • Entry point • New participants to broad-based existing community www.xml.org

  41. XML.org - The XML Clearinghouse • XML Catalog • Information on and links to more than 70 industry XML specifications • XML Publications • Submissions • Recommendations • Working Drafts • XML Submissions Page www.xml.org

  42. XML Publications • Understanding XML • XML for Managers • XML for Developers • XML, SGML and HTML • XML Storage Requirements • XML Schemas • Robin Cover on XML www.xml.org

  43. Recent XML.org submissions • HR-XML • Candidate Profile • Job Posting • Resume • Commerce One • Common Business Library (CBL) • DataChannel • Portal Markup Language www.xml.org

  44. Technical Work • Registry and Repository • XML table model • Published 11/10/99 • XML Conformance Test Suite • Joint initiative with NIST • Early planning for other suites • Schema development/maintenance • Docbook • BusinessDoc www.oasis-open.org

  45. Registry and Repository • Registry of XML-related entities • Including DTDs and schemas • Enabling searching on the contents • Registry and Repository shall: • Interoperate and cooperate with other compliant registries and repositories • Respond to requests for entities by their identifiers. www.oasis-open.org

  46. Why work at OASIS? • Wholly dedicated to structured information standards, such as XML • Community of experts and shared interests • Non-profit, vendor-neutral • International • Open • Independent • Successful through industry-wide collaboration www.oasis-open.org

  47. Adobe Systems, Inc. AND-USA Inc. Arbortext, Inc. Bentley Systems Boeing Commercial Airlines  Chrystal Software Compaq Computers, Tandem Division Corel  DataChannel, Inc. Document Management Solutions, Inc. Dun & Bradstreet Documentum Enigma Incorporated Extricity Software Graphic Communications Association  IBM Informix Software, Inc. INSO Corporation InterCAP Graphics Systems, Inc. ISOGEN International Corp Interleaf Inc. Interwoven Inc. ITEDO Software GmbH Keyfile Corporation  Larson Software Technology  Microsoft NextPage LC NIST  Object Design, Inc.  POET Software Corporation Reed Technology Reuters SoftQuad Software Inc. Software AG STEP (Sturtz Electronic Publishing GmbH) Sun Microsystems Synth-Bank Sabre  Wavo, Inc.  Xerox Corporation XyEnterprise Inc.  Zeh Graphic Systems, Inc. Sponsor Members

  48. Membership in OASIS • Organizational • Individual

  49. Membership in OASIS • Organizational • Contributor 2500 USD or 5000 USD • Sponsor 9500 USD • Individual • Associate 250 USD • Individual 250 USD

  50. Next Steps • Establish and work with community • Disambiguate where possible • Use semantics where appropriate • Submit your schema to XML.org • http://www.xml.org/xmlorg_submit.htm • Benefit from work already in place • Join OASIS and participate • Gain from experience of others www.oasis-open.org