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Horse Breeds

Horse Breeds. Spring 2006 M. Marler. Horses breeds can be classified by…. the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter Horse) a single horse that a breed originated from. (Morgan) the country or area of the breed’s origin. (Arabian).

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Horse Breeds

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  1. Horse Breeds Spring 2006 M. Marler

  2. Horses breeds can be classified by… • the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) • the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter Horse) • a single horse that a breed originated from. (Morgan) • the country or area of the breed’s origin. (Arabian)

  3. Thoroughbred Arabian American Mustang American Quarter Horse Appaloosa American Paint Horse Clydesdale Morgan Paso Fino Popular Breeds in the USA

  4. Thoroughbred • Breed was developed in England from the finest Arabian horses crossed with native English mares.

  5. Thoroughbred • Purpose: A horse that could maintain a high speed over distances of a couple miles. • Temperament: Sensitive; sometimes “high strung”

  6. Thoroughbred • Ferdinand • Average sale price for US racing bred 2yr. Old $61,000. • Most paid for a Thoroughbred in history • $16,000,000

  7. Thoroughbred • Colors: Predominately gray, bay, chestnut, and brown • Very elegant and fine boned horse • Average size: 15.2-17 hands and 1,000lbs.

  8. Thoroughbred • Uses: Mainly racing; also jumping, fox-hunting, dressage, 3-day eventing, pleasure riding • Also used as a foundational or “appendix” breed for other breeds

  9. Arabian http://hughesarabians.com/straight/index.html

  10. Arabian • Developed by Bedouin tribes in Arab countries over thousands of years • Purpose: Used for transportation over long distances and war • Foundation breed to nearly every breed known today

  11. Arabian

  12. Arabian • Temperament: Sensitive; Highly intelligent; Often “high strung” • Average Size: 14.2 to 15.2 hands; small; 800-1,000 lbs. • Very elegant and fine boned horse • “Dished face” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E-CkWKonST0

  13. American Mustangs

  14. American Mustang • Originated from the Spanish Andulsians brought over by Spanish explorers. • There were no horses on the US continents prior to the Spanish exploration.

  15. American Mustang • Pure Spanish horses mixed with other settlers horses and ran wild • Kiger Mustangs are one of the purest bloodlines from the original Spanish horses, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJPwOs8sW4A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZGr6sMeo7g&feature=related

  16. American Mustang • Comes in all colors and many sizes • Protected by the Bureau of Land Management • May be “adopted” • Very hardy horses with great stamina and sound legs and feet

  17. American Quarter Horse

  18. American Quarter Horse • Originated from Spanish Mustang, Thoroughbred racing stock, and some draft horses • Purpose: Originally bred to race a ¼ mile. This was the length of most small American towns in the late 1800’s • Also used as a “cow pony” for herding cattle

  19. American Quarter Horse • Claims the title “America’s Horse” for its versatility • Quarter Horses are used for both english and western disciplines such as cutting, reining, pleasure, dressage, and jumping. • All solid colors and roans; No white markings above the knee

  20. American Quarter Horse • Temperament: Intelligent but generally quiet, gentle, and easily trained • Average Size: 14.2-15.2 hands; 1,000-1,200 lbs. • Known for being “stocky” and heavily muscled

  21. Appaloosa http://movieclips.com/oPb8X-dances-with-wolves-movie-the-buffalo-hunt/ • Developed by the Nez Perce Indian tribe which lived near the Palouse river in Idaho • Developed through careful and selective breeding • Original purpose: Buffalo hunting; horses had to be swift and courageous

  22. Appaloosa • Horses were regarded by white men as being of very high quality • Herds were dispersed after the Nez Perce War of 1877

  23. Appaloosa • Characteristics: Spotted coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera around the eye, striped hooves, short tails

  24. Appaloosa • Uses: Multi-purpose; Perform well in English & Western disciplines; good stock and rodeo horses, excellent jumpers

  25. American Paint Horse • Developed sporadically through mustang herds on the American plains • 2nd largest breed registry in U.S.A. • Characteristics: One of three distinct splotched patterns(Overo, Tobiano, and Tovero)

  26. Tobiano • Dark color covers one or both flanks. • All four legs are white • Head markings are like a solid colored horse

  27. Overo • White does not cross the back between the withers and the tail • At least one and often all four legs are dark. • Head markings are distinctive.

  28. Tovero • Dark pigmentation around the ears and mouth • One or both of the eyes may be blue. • Dark splotches on chest and flank.

  29. American Paint Horse • Conformation, size, temperament, and purpose closely resemble the American Quarter Horse

  30. Clydesdale

  31. Clydesdale • Draft breed developed in England. • Bred to haul heavy loads • Common colors: Bay, black, brown; occasionally chestnut or roan

  32. Clydesdale • White markings are common on face and legs • Legs have “feathers” or long, silky hairs • Generally 16 to 18 hands; ______________________________

  33. Clydesdale http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGx4E8w5VHg&NR=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veQAJ4qlltU

  34. Morgan • All originated from one foal “Figure” born in 1789 and owned by Justin Morgan. • “Figure” became famous for being able to “out-walk, out-trot, out-run, and out-pull” other horses • Recognized as America’s first horse breed

  35. Morgan • Known as the preferred breed of American calvary. • Served as a foundation breed for Quarter Horses, Tennessee Walking Horses, and Standardbreds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1Y2Iyr7wYQ&feature=related

  36. Morgan • Intelligent with gentle dispositions • Generally smaller horses; 14.2 -15.2 hands high • Frequently bay, brown, and black; may be most solid colors

  37. Morgan • Purpose: Used predominately in English disciplines but also in Western • Popular for Carriage Driving Events

  38. Paso Fino • Known as the “smoothest riding horse in the world.” • Bred from Spanish Andalusians and Spanish Barbs (Arabians) • Bred by Spanish conquistadors and early Spanish plantation owners in the Caribbean and Latin America

  39. Paso Fino • “Paso Fino” means the “fine walk” or “fine movement”. • Has three gaits which are as follows: • Classic Fino • Paso Corto • Paso Largo

  40. Paso Fino • Very small horses or ponies • Typically, 13 to 15.2 hands high • Weigh only 700 to 1,100 lbs. • Compete in Western events, endurance races, and Spanish classes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZsGXUCDHA8&feature=related

  41. Andalusian • Thought of for many centuries as “perfection in horseflesh”. • The preferred horse for nobility and war in the Middle Ages. • The breed Cortes brought to America.

  42. Andalusian • Descended from the Spanish Barb. • A foundation breed for many breeds. • From Andalusia, Spain

  43. Andalusian • Color: Usually gray and occasionally bay, black, palomino, and buckskin • Height: 15.2-16.2 hands tall http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_d96bxojwg&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DncGM9cq3w0&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aib8149E4k8

  44. Andalusian

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