What is Sports Medicine/Athletic Training? Athletic Medicine I
Sports Medicine • Sports Medicine refers generically to a broad field of health care related to physical activity and sport. • “…mulitdiciplinary, including the physiological, biomechanical, psychological, and pathological phenomena associated with exercise and sports.” • Includes areas of specialization (i.e. Athletic training, physical therapy, psychology, etc.).
Athletic Training • Athletic Training is a field that is concerned with the athlete’s health and safety. • A Certified Athletic Trainer is a highly educated and skilled professional specializing in health care for the physically active.
Brief Hx of Athletic Training • Early Hx • AT came into existence during the late 19th century when intercollegiate and interscholastic athletics were formed in the U.S. • Didn’t actually do very much. • Contemporary Athletic Trainers • The evolution of contemporary athletic trainers occurred after WWI. • S.E. Bilik wrote the first major text on AT; “The Trainer’s Bible (1917)”
Brief Hx of AT • 1920s • Cramer family started a chemical company and produced a liniment to treat ankle sprains • 1930s • Cramer family produced First Aider in effort to enhance communication and facilitate and exchange of ideas between coaches, athletic trainers, and athletes. • Several university athletic trainers established a national organization (NATA), but it only lasted from 1938-1944.
Brief Hx of AT • 1950s • In 1950, 101 Athletic Trainers met in Kansas City, MO and officially formed the National Athletic Trainer’s Association (NATA). • Primary purpose was to establish professional standards for the athletic trainer. • Today, there are over 34,000 NATA members.
Brief Hx of AT • 2003-2014 • Role of Athletic Trainers has evolved into one that is more aligned with that of a health care provider. • 40% work in clinics/hospitals. • Employment opportunities have skyrocketed.
Employment Settings for Athletic Trainers • Clinics and Hospitals • Physician Extenders • Industrial/Occupational Settings • Corporate Settings (Marketing) • Colleges/Universities • Secondary Schools • Professional Sports
Employment Setting for Athletic Trainers • Amateur/Recreational/Youth Sports • Performing Arts • Military/Law Enforcement
Sports Medicine Team • Athletic Trainer • Team Physician(s) • Coach • School Nurse • Physical Therapist
Roles of the Athletic Trainer • Domains of Athletic Training • Injury/Illness prevention • Clinical Evaluation/Diagnosis • Immediate and emergency care • Treatment/rehabilitation • Organizational and Professional Health and Well-being
Prevention • Conducting Pre-participation physical examinations • Developing training and conditioning programs • Ensuring a safe playing environment • Selecting, fitting, and maintaining protective equipment
Clinical Evaluation/Diagnosis • Understanding the pathology of injury/illness • Referring to medical care • Referring to support services • Immediate and emergency care
Immediate and Emergency Care • On-the-Field injury assessments • Acute judgment • CPR/AED • Emergency action plans
Treatment/Rehabilitation • Developing rehabilitation programs • Supervising rehab programs • Incorporating therapeutic modalities • Counseling
Organizational and Professional Health and Well Being • Record keeping • Ordering equipment/supplies • Supervising personnel • Continuing education
Personal Qualities of Athletic Trainers • Stamina and ability to adapt • Empathy • Sense of humor • Ability to communicate • Intellectual curiosity • Ethical
How Does Someone Become an Athletic Trainer? • Must be certified by the Board of Certification. • BOC sets requirements for Certification: • Successful completion of an entry-level athletic training program accredited by CAATE. • Endorsement of the exam application by the CAATE accredited Program Director. • Proof of current CPR/AED certification.
Certification Exam • Consists of 175 questions (only 100 count). • Tests for knowledge in the 5 major domains. • Continuing education • All ATCs must document a minimum of 50continuing education units attained during each 2-year recertification term.