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Cross-national research: challenge, co-operation and compromise. ESRC/NCRM TRAINING SEMINAR 12-13 June 2006 Institute of Education London Susanne MacGregor LSHTM University of London.

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cross national research challenge co operation and compromise

Cross-national research: challenge, co-operation and compromise

ESRC/NCRM TRAINING SEMINAR 12-13 June 2006 Institute of Education London

Susanne MacGregor

LSHTM University of London

slide2
June 13 2006: The use and integration of different types of methods and data in cross-national comparative research
  • Taking context into account
  • Specifics of cross-national research
  • Specifics of policy- or problem-focused research
  • Influence of paradigm and choice of design
  • Organising and managing complexity
frames and perspectives the pivotal phase in developing relevant research is framing the questions
FRAMES AND PERSPECTIVES – the pivotal phase in developing relevant research is framing the questions
failing to take context into account
Failing to take context into account
  • Policy transfers – eg. social enterprise
  • Misinterpretation of secondary data
  • Waste of resources on experimental designs
comparing across nation states
Comparing across nation-states
  • Constitution
  • Laws and regulations
  • Institutions
  • Language
  • Economy
  • Population
  • Territory
policy research desires and wants
Policy research: desires and wants
  • Useful
  • Understandable
  • Relevant
  • Timely
  • Practical
  • Clear
  • Simple
  • Certain
policy research issues
Policy research - issues
  • Availability of evidence or data
  • Research capacity
  • Ethics and governance
  • Partnership working
  • Scaling up and policy transfer
  • Ownership
  • Publication and dissemination
multi city study of drug misuse in europe r hartnoll et al 1989
Multi-city study of drug misuse in Europe: R. Hartnoll et al 1989
  • Aim at Europe-wide approach to indicators
  • Amsterdam, Dublin, Hamburg, London, Paris, Rome and Stockholm
  • Method – iterative process: review available data; critical review of common indicators; compare trends and prevalence
  • Survey data reviewed; use of case studies; involvement of experts
  • Recommendations on how to improve indicators
conclusions
Conclusions
  • ‘indicators even when they seemed to reflect comparable entities were created in social systems based on substantial differences in perspective and practice regarding drug misuse’
  • Variability in terms of who or what was counted; population base to which referred; time period involved
  • Indicators to be looked at as a package
  • Need for administrative structure to produce routine information
recommendations for consistent standard information from different sources emcdda in lisbon
Recommendations for consistent standard information from different sources – EMCDDA in Lisbon
  • A centre with sufficient resources to routinely collate information both statistical data and qualitative information and intelligence required to make sense of the data
  • Standard guidelines and protocols for collecting and reporting data
  • A consistent format for producing reports and mechanisms for dissemination
pr carit
Précarité
  • ‘few English speakers understand what is meant by ‘precariousness of employment’. By contrast the equivalent terms in French, Italian and Spanish convey an unequivocal meaning. The notion has rarely been used in Germany’ (Barbier).
rapid situational assessment
Rapid Situational Assessment
  • Routine and existing data plus some new data collection
  • Physical, social, economic, policy
  • Focused, targeted, multi-method, working with the community
  • 3 months minimum, intensive team activity
  • Training of field workers, action research
taking context into account methods
Taking context into account – methods
  • Delphi methods – experts – how identified?
  • National partners’ knowledge – vary re. discipline, location, career paths, expectations
  • Panels or juries
  • Public opinion surveys
  • Standard measures – McDonald’s prices
  • Human development index
  • Observatories or Monitoring Centres
organising and managing complexity
Organising and managing complexity
  • Networks
  • Observatories
  • Liaison roles
  • Partners
  • Multi-disciplinarity
  • Communication
conclusion key issues
Conclusion – key issues
  • Resources
  • Negotiating common criteria
  • Balance of external and internal standards
  • Role of coordinator and local focal point
  • Risk of misinterpretation
  • Bureaucratic versus scientific missions