The principles of the united states constitution
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The Principles of the United States Constitution. I. Popular Sovereignty. The people hold the ultimate authority A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them . II. Limited Government. Framers wanted to guard against tyranny

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The principles of the united states constitution

The Principles of the United States Constitution


I popular sovereignty
I. Popular Sovereignty

  • The people hold the ultimate authority

  • A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.


Ii limited government
II. Limited Government

  • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny

  • Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.

  • The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed


Iii federalism
III. Federalism

  • The division of power between State and National Governments

  • Some powers are shared

  • The National Government has the “supreme power”


Federal system of govt
Federal System of Govt.

  • National Govt.: Powers delegated to the National Govt. by the Constitution.

  • State Govt.: Powers NOT granted to the National Govt. or denied to the states.

  • Concurrent Powers: Powers held and exercised by both the national and the state governments.


Iv separation of powers
IV. Separation of Powers

  • No one holds “too much” power

  • Legislative branch makes the laws

  • Executive branch carries out the laws

  • Legislative branch interprets the laws


Legislative branch
Legislative Branch

  • Senate and House of Representatives

  • Make our laws

  • Appropriate Money

  • Regulate Immigration

  • Establish Post Offices and Roads

  • Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation

  • Declare War


Executive branch
Executive Branch

  • The President of the United States

  • Chief Executive

  • Chief of State

  • Chief Legislator

  • Commander in Chief


Judicial branch
Judicial Branch

  • Supreme Court and other Federal Courts

  • Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution

  • Considers cases involving national laws

  • Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional”


V checks and balances
V. Checks and Balances

  • Prevents the abuse of power in government

  • Each branch can check each other branch


Executive checks
Executive Checks

  • Propose laws to Congress

  • Veto laws made by Congress

  • Negotiate foreign treaties

  • Appoint federal judges

  • Grant pardons to federal offenders


Legislative checks
Legislative Checks

  • Override president’s veto

  • Ratify treaties

  • Confirm executive appointments

  • Impeach federal officers and judges

  • Create and dissolve lower federal courts


Judicial checks
Judicial Checks

  • Declare executive acts unconstitutional

  • Declare laws unconstitutional

  • Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

  • The Supreme Court holds the final check