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POPC. UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, PLANNING COMMISSION. THE TANZANIA FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2011/12-2015/20 16. Unleashing Tanzania’s Latent Growth Potentials. 1. Use of the 5 Year Development Plan as an Instrument for Mainstreaming Sustainable Development Agenda.
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UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, PLANNING COMMISSION
THE TANZANIA FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2011/12-2015/2016
Unleashing Tanzania’s Latent Growth Potentials
Presented to the International Workshop on Strengthening Planning and Implementation Capacities for Sustainable Development in the Post Rio Context, Held at Incheon, Republic of Korea
Paper prepared by:
Clifford. K. Tandari,
Deputy Executive Secretary
International Trade and Economic Relations, (on behalf of Executive Secretary – POPC)
P.O. Box 9242,
DAR ES SALAAM.
Organised by the United Nations Office for Sustainable Development (UNOSD)
14th - 16th November, 2012
The Five Years Development Plan (5YDP)
Pillars of 5YDP
Salient Features of the 5YDP
Focus of the Plan
Linkage between MKUKUTA and 5 YDP
Government Strategies on Poverty Alleviation
Underscoring the PPPs
List of References
Five year National Development Plan 2011/12 – 2015/16 is a blue print/document endorsed by the Government in 2011 for purposes of implementing the Development Vision 2025 for the period 2011/12 to 2015/2016.
The Plan indicates what to do in terms of mega-projects that are taken from various key sectors for purposes of unleashing growth potential.
Making Tanzania the food basket of the region EAC, SADC and Grand FTA (EAC-COMESA-SADC).
Making Tanzania the trade (transit) and logistics hub of the Great Lakes Region (ie. Rwanda, Burundi, DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Uganda, Northern Mozambique)
Making use of ICT backbone for increased efficiency use of internet and mobile phone related services.
Using a huge natural gas deposits in Mtwara, Lindi and Coast Region for increased Power Generation.
Rehabilitation of The Central Railway line and increased wagons and locomotives as well as expansion of the Port of Dar es Salaam.
In order for the Five Year Development Plan (5YDP) to be able to unleash growth the following factors are important to be in place:-
Large investment in Energy and Transport infrastructure; mega – projects;
Strategic investments to expand the cotton industry, high value crops (horticulture, floriculture, vineyards), targeting maize and rice cultivation under SAGCOT for food self sufficiency and experts; fertilizer production tapping the large deposits of natural gas and phosphate Development of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to foster manufacturing growth increase the number of factories of cement, as well as development of coal and steel industries;
The 5YDP streamlines various sectoral plans into a unified and coherent national plan. It is focused on:
A shift from needs planning which is based on available resources to opportunity based planning;
Strong emphasis on implementation effectiveness;
Strong emphasis on growth;
High drive and scaling up of the role and participation of the private sector in economic growth, through strengthening business climate for effective use of factors of production.
COMESA – SADC FTA)
2. Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry
3 Industry, mining, manufacturing
4. Water and Sanitation
5. Human Capital Development and Social Services
The biggest obstacle to growth is lack of sufficient infrastructure. Thus, the development and maintenance of infrastructure is essential for sustainable economic growth.
The strategic interventions in this area are categorized into those that deal with hard and soft infrastructure. Interventions in the hard infrastructure focus on energy and transport sector investments by ensuring the availability of reliable transport infrastructure facilities that will reduce cost of doing business and promoting Tanzania as a reliable transport and logistics hub for EAC and central African countries and the Great Lakes Region.
Softinfrastructure basically focuses on ICT.
Water is one of the resources largely available in the country and offers great opportunities to increase productivity and growth.
Some of the strategies include:(a) Expanding the area for irrigation;(b) Ensuring adequate water for agricultural & industrial use;
(c) Supporting the production of electricity;
(d) Improving water services to urban & rural areas.
Human capital is the basis of the quality of human resources. A healthy workforce is essential for economic development.Some measures include:
The principles guiding MKUKUTA II are:
Rio+20 outcomes are already taken on board
in the 5YDP
While trying to mainstream the Green Economy:
means and instrument for operationalising the Sustainable Development agenda;
We shall ensure coherence, consistency and integration of SD issues into the National Development agenda and core priorities of the Plans.
planning and processes as they continue featuring;
Our goal is to unleash the growth potential for
of becoming a poverty free society and middle
income country by the year 2025.