The People Who Influenced California in the 1800’s. The Exploration of California. John C. Fremont Jedediah Smith John Bidwell. Traveled from Missouri to the West. His lively map reporting enticed Americans, from the east coast, to travel to California
John C. Fremont
“I wanted to be the first to view a country on which the eyes of a white man had never gazed and to follow the course of rivers that run through a new land."
“I went in the race and picked up several pieces of this gold, several of the laborers gave me some which they had picked up, and from Marshall I received a part. I told them that I would get a ring made of this gold as soon as it could be done in California; and I have had a heavy ring made, with my family’s cost of arms engraved on the outside, and on the inside of the ring is engraved, “The first gold, discovered in January, 1848.”
James Marshall at Sutter's Sawmill, Coloma, California, 1851
“Gold! Gold on the American River!“
Sam Brannan yelled in the streets
Helen Hunt Jackson
By Dame Shirley
Mary TapeJoseph and Mary Tape, tried to enroll their 8-year-old U.S.-born daughter in San Francisco's all-white SpringValley School in September 1884.
Joseph, Emily, Mamie, Frank & Mary Tape circa 1884–85
School Superintendent Andrew Jackson Moulder lobbied a compliant state legislature to introduce Assembly Bill 268, which was passed under an “urgency provision.”
John Charles Fremont
"The people are now called upon to form a government for themselves, and to designate such officers as they desire to make and execute the laws. That their choice may be wisely made, and that the government so organized may secure the permanent welfare and happiness of the people of the new State, is the sincere and earnest wish of the present Executive, who, if the Constitution be ratified, will, with pleasure, surrender his powers to whomsoever the people may designate as his successor." ( part of the proclamation)
The great curved trestle at Secret Town was the largest structure of its type on the railroad. In this remarkable photograph, which shows the Chinese laborers bringing a never ending supply of dirt from the mountainside, the trestle is being filled in to eliminate the fire hazard and avoid replacement of the aging timbers.
Wherever we put them, we found them good," Crocker recalled, "and they worked themselves into our favor to such an extent that if we found we were in a hurry for a job of work, it was better to put Chinese on at once."
California State Parks
PBS and the West
Sutter’s Diary” San Francisco Museum
John C. Fremont’s pictures
Quotes related to Helen Hunt Jackson
Chinese and the railroad
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