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Vocabulary Unit 1. ISkills Level 4 Mrs. Sedillo February 2014. Capacity (n): the amount that something can hold, produce, or carry; the ability to do or produce something. Capacious ( adj ): capable of holding much; having plenty of space Collocates:

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Vocabulary unit 1

Vocabulary Unit 1

ISkills Level 4 Mrs. Sedillo

February 2014


Vocabulary unit 1
Capacity (n): the amount that something can hold, produce, or carry; the ability to do or produce something

  • Capacious (adj): capable of holding much; having plenty of space

  • Collocates:

  • Great capacity for learning (or any skill)

  • A capacious bag/dress/purse/backpack


Vocabulary unit 1

Complex ( or carry; adj): consisting of many closely connected parts or processes;full of small details and therefore difficult to understand or explain

  • Complexity (N): the state or quality of being complicated and detailed

  • Things that can be complex or have complexity: plans, relationships, personalities, details, designs…


Vocabulary unit 1

Complex (n): a group of buildings or one large building used for a single purpose;an emotional problem in which someone is too anxious about something, or thinks too much about it.

  • Inferiority complex: the belief that one is not good enough

  • Short man’s complex: being too aware or obsessed with one’s height

  • Oedipus complex: being obsessed with the idea of sleeping with one’s own mother


Consequences n something that happens as a result of a particular action something of importance
Consequences (n): something that happens as a result of a particular action;something of importance

  • Consequence: singular noun

  • Consequential (adj): having some result; something with great importance

  • Consequently (adv)

  • A matter of great consequence or no consequence


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Contemporary ( particular action;adj): belonging to the present time. Modern.Happening or existing in the same period of time

  • Contemporary accounts of George Washington during the American Revolution


Contemporary n someone who lives in the same period of time as a particular person or event
Contemporary (n): someone who lives in the same period of time as a particular person or event

  • George Washington and his contemporaries fought the war of American independence.


Con trast v to compare two people ideas objects etc to show how they are different
Con time as a particular person or eventtrast (v): to compare two people, ideas, objects etc. to show how they are different

  • Contrasting (adj): differing


Con trast n a large difference between two people situations ideas etc that are compared
Con time as a particular person or eventtrast (n): a large difference between two people, situations, ideas etc that are compared.

  • Contrasting (adj): differing.

  • The contrast between two stories


Decline n a gradual decrease in the quality quantity or importance of something
Decline (n): a gradual decrease in the quality, quantity, or importance of something

  • Declining (adj): showing a decrease in quality etc.


Decline v to decrease in quality quantity importance etc to refuse something usually politely
Decline (v): to decrease in quality, quantity, importance, etc.to refuse something, usually politely.

  • I would love to come to your party, but I must decline your invitation since I already have something to do that night.

  • Sales declined rapidly in January.


Diverse adj very different from one another
Diverse ( etc.adj): very different from one another

  • Diversity (n): state of being diverse

  • Diversify (v): to make something diverse

  • Diversification (n): the act of making diverse

  • Diversely (adv): something behaving differently (not common)

  • Diverse population, diverse culture; to diversify investments, diversify one’s stock portfolio


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Element (n): a simple chemical substance such as oxygen or gold, that is part of only one type of atom;a small amount of danger, truth, risk, etc.one part of a plan, system, piece of writing, etc.

  • An element of danger/risk

  • The adventurer’s plan had an element of danger to it.

  • A small element/a large element

  • Elemental (adj): being a small part of something


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Encounter (n): an occasion when you meet someone without planninga dangerous or unpleasant meeting between two people or groups.

  • A chance encounter with Sally lead to her getting married to Howard.

  • The Shark Encounter exhibit at Sea World is one of my favorites


Vocabulary unit 1
Encounter (v): to experience something bad that you have to deal with;to see someone or something that you were not expecting.

  • He encountered some difficulties trying to drive home in the snow.

  • Encountering Jack like that was not something I want to do again.


Vocabulary unit 1

Environment (n): the land, water, and air in which people, animals, and plants live;the situations, people, etc. that influence the way people live and work

  • Environmental (adj): relating to or affect the land, water, air

  • Environmentalist (n): someone who is concerned with protecting the environment.

  • Environmentalism (n): the belief that the environment must be protected and saved from damage.

  • Environs (n): the area surrounding a place.

  • Environmental issues, environmental groups, protect the environment


Vocabulary unit 1

Estimate (n): a calculation or judgment of value, size etc. of something; a statement of how much it will probably cost to build or repair something.

  • I asked my car repairman for an estimate, but he could not do it until he looked at the damage to my car.

  • The estimate for our roof repair was terribly expensive.

  • Ask for an estimate; get an estimate; give an estimate


Estimate v to judge the value or size of someone or something
Estimate (v): to judge the value or size of someone or something.

  • Estimation (n): your judgment or opinion of the value of someone or something

  • Estimated (adj)


Eventually adv after a long time
Eventually ( something.adv): After a long time

  • Eventuality (n): a possible event or result, especially an unpleasant one

  • Eventual (adj): happening at the end of a process or after a long time has passed


Evidence n the facts objects or signs that make you believe that something exists or is true
Evidence (n): the facts, objects, or signs that make you believe that something exists or is true

  • Evident (adj): easily noticed or understood

  • Evidently (adv)


Evolve v to develop by gradually changing or to make something do this
Evolve (v): to develop by gradually changing or to make something do this.

  • Evolution (n): the act of changing gradually; the scientific idea that plants and animals develop gradually from simpler to more complex forms;

  • The gradual change and development of an idea, situation, or object.

  • Evolutionary (adj): relating to evolution


Furthermore adv in addition to what has already been written or said
Furthermore ( something do this.adv): in addition to what has already been written or said.


Vocabulary unit 1

Generation (n): all the people who are about the same age, especially in a family; the average period of time between someone’s birth and the birth of his/her children;


Vocabulary unit 1

Generation (n): especially in a family; a group of machines, products etc. at a similar stage of development;* the process of producing something or making something happen

  • Generate (v): to produce something, like electricity; to make something happen, like discussion in a classroom.

  • Generator (n): something that produces a result: a power generator


Vocabulary unit 1
Global ( especially in a family; adj): affecting the whole or relating to the whole world; considering all the parts of a problem or situation.

  • Globalize (v): to make global

  • Globalization (n): the act of making global

  • Globe (n): a sphere on which is a map of the Earth; the planet earth

  • Global impact, global importance


Vocabulary unit 1
Interact (v): to talk to others people and work with them; especially in a family; if two or more things interact they will have an affect on one another


Item n a single thing in a group or set a piece of news in the newspaper
Item (n): a single thing in a group or set; especially in a family; a piece of news in the newspaper


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Manipulate (v): to make someone do exactly what you want them to do by deceiving or influencing him/her.


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Neutral ( them to do by deceiving or influencing him/her.adj): not supporting either side in a conflict or competition;a color which is neither strong nor bright


Vocabulary unit 1

Neutral (n): the position them to do by deceiving or influencing him/her.ofgears in a car or machine when it will not move forward or backward;a country or person that is not fighting for or helping a country that is in a war.


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Source (n): the thing, place, person etc. that you obtain something from;the cause of a problem, or the place where it starts;a person, book, or document that you get information from.


Symbolize v to be a symbol of something to represent something by using a symbol
Symbolize (v): to be a symbol of something; something from;to represent something by using a symbol.