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Solar-Electric Power: Road to a Clean, Secure Energy Future. James Gee 1 and Roland Hulstrom 2 1 Sandia National Laboratories 2 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

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Solar-Electric Power: Road to a Clean, Secure Energy Future


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    1. Solar-Electric Power:Road to a Clean, Secure Energy Future James Gee1 and Roland Hulstrom2 1Sandia National Laboratories 2National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the U. S. Department of Energy under contract DE-ACO4-94AL85000. 2NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy operated by Midwest Research Institute, Battelle, and Bechtel, Contract # DE-AC36-99GO10337. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    2. Concentrating Solar Power Roadmap of the U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Technology and Industry Roadmaps Vision, Strategies, Goals Market and Technical Barriers Outline NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    3. Solar Two: A dispatchablesolar technology. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    4. Advanced DishDevelopment:10-kW system with improved optics, structure,control system, sterlingengine, and receiver.Systems runs autono-mously, and future improvements will allow system to run off grid and be hybridized. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    5. SEGS 354 MW25% natural gasDispatchableTechnology around $0.12/kWh. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    6. What does a roadmap provide? • Establish a Vision for the industry. • Establish a strategic plan towards realizing the Vision. • Instill confidence in decision makers, investors, and customers. • Identify and guide opportunities for shared development. • Clarify barriers and coordinate response within the community. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    7. Roadmap Process VISION Vision to establish destination. Strategizing Workshop(s) to identify barriers, needs, and strategic actions. Roadmap organizes and synthesizesworkshop information into coherentpresentation. Roadmap NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    8. VISIONU.S. Photovoltaic Industry “… to provide the electrical energyconsumer competitive and environmentally friendly energy products and services from a thrivingUnited States-based solar-electricpower industry.” NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    9. Strategies • Maintain U.S. PV industry’s worldwide technological leadership. • Achieve economic competitiveness with conventional technologies. • Maintain a sustained market and PV production growth. • Make the PV industry profitable and attractive to investors. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    10. Target and Goals Target: For the U.S. photovoltaic industry to provide up to 15% (about 3000 MW) of new U.S. electricity generation capacity expected to be required in 2020. The U.S. cumulative PV shipments will be about 30 GW at this time. Goals: • A growth rate of 25% in PV production capacity is required to meet the roadmap targets for U.S. and international markets. • PV system costs to the end user of $3.00/Wac and $1.50/Wac by 2010 and 2020, respectively. Total manufacturing costs will be about 60% of the system cost. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

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    16. Value: Full value of solar electricity as distributed, clean, renewable energy must be described and captured for policy makers, investment and financial communities, and consumers. Products: Products must be easier to use. Not a “techie” project – more like a household appliance Reliability comparable to (or much better than!) other electricity options Standards and codes Policies: Public policies must reflect value and importance of solar electricity National interconnection standards National net metering legislation Electricity restructuring should promote renewable energy introduction Financial incentives to stimulate market expansion in early stage Market Barriers and Solutions NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    17. Technical Barriers and Solutions • Infrastructure: Greater cooperation between material and equipment vendors, PV module manufacturers, and system component manufacturers. • Technical: • Higher performance • Higher throughput • Module materials NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    18. Conclusion • Solar-Electric Power has very attractive features that make it a natural component of a sustainable energy future for the U.S. and the world. • The U.S. PV Industry is completing development of a roadmap that will delineate a path towards achieving a prominent role in energy generation. Anticipated completion of the roadmap is early 2001. NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies

    19. Acknowledgements • PV Industry Roadmap has been developed by over 40 specialists from across the PV community, with additional comments from across the community. • NCPV Advisory Board has served as the Executive Committee for the roadmap. • NCPV Management Team has helped guide the NCPV facilitation role in the generation of the roadmap. • CSP viewgraphs provided by Craig Tyner (SNL). NSF Workshop on Sustainable Energy Technologies