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Painting and Sculpture Were Not the Only Arts Revolutionized During the Renaissance. The Writers of the Renaissance. Machiavelli. Machiavelli was born in Florence Machiavelli was born into a tumultuous era

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painting and sculpture were not the only arts revolutionized during the renaissance

Painting and Sculpture Were Not the Only Arts Revolutionized During the Renaissance

The Writers of the Renaissance

machiavelli
Machiavelli
  • Machiavelli was born in Florence
  • Machiavelli was born into a tumultuous era
  • Popes were leading armies, and wealthy city-states of Italy were falling into the hands of foreign powers
  • It was a time of constantly shifting alliances and governments rising and falling in the space of weeks.
the prince
The Prince
  • Why did Machiavelli write The Prince?
    • Bitter about invasion by foreigners
    • Disliked turmoil caused by Spanish and French invasions
the question
The Question
  • What question did Machiavelli try to answer?
    • Why did some rulers succeed and others fail?
    • How can a ruler gain power and keep it despite his enemies?
strategies
Strategies
  • What kinds of strategies did Machiavelli offer rulers?
    • Be as strong as a lion to fight enemies
    • Be as shrewd as a fox to outwit enemies
    • A prince might have to trick his enemies and even his own people for the good of the state.
  • What phrase is Machiavelli associated with?
    • The ends justify the means
machiavelli s legacy
Machiavelli’s Legacy
  • What has Machiavelli’s name come to stand for?
    • Trickery and double-dealing
  • What was Machiavelli like himself?
    • Upright, honest and religious
slide8
In The Divine Comedy Dante describes adventures in three different settings:
    • Paradise
    • Purgatory
    • Inferno
slide9
In the story, Dante is accompanied on his trip by Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-53) and Virgil (70 B.C-19 B.C).
    • Both of these men are classical writers
  • How does this story reflect the Values of the Renaissance?
dante uses vernacular for the first time
What is vernacular?

Vernacular is the language commonly used by average people

Before the Divine Comedy, poets wrote in a style which was not accessible to “regular” people.

Dante uses vernacular for the first time

How would using vernacular encourage the spread of Renaissance ideas?

slide11

The

Northern

Renaissance

objectives
Objectives
  • Explain how the Renaissance spread.
  • Compare & contrast the It. Ren. w/the N. Ren.
where it all began
Where it all began
  • Flanders
    • Not this Flanders
    • BUT……. This Flanders
johann gutenberg
Johann Gutenberg
  • Printing Press
  • Produce books 500x faster
  • Books were cheaper
  • Non-religious books were printed
vernacular
Vernacular
  • Everyday language of the people in a country or region, as distinct from official or formal language
trade
Trade
  • Pop. begins to increase =
  • Trade increases
  • Diffusion of Culture
    • Ideas spread
writers of the northern renaissance
Writers of the Northern Renaissance
  • By 1500s, Renaissance ideas began to spread throughout Europe
  • In the Northern Renaissance, writers focused more on ethics than they did in Italy
writers of the northern renaissance1
Writers of the Northern Renaissance
  • Thomas More (1478-1535)
    • Wrote Utopia
    • Wrote about Ideal society
      • Ideal society was classless, all things were owned by everyone
writers of the northern renaissance2
Writers of the Northern Renaissance

Erasmus (1466-1536)

  • Wrote Praise of Folly
  • Satirized human stupidity, greed and intolerance
  • Made fun of the teachings of the church
  • Satire: use of irony and sarcasm to make fun of the world
writers of the northern renaissance3
Writers of the Northern Renaissance
  • William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
    • 1 of the greatest playwrights of all time
    • An influence on the language of Eng.
    • Invented words like
      • amazement
      • dislocated
      • lackluster
      • premeditated
renaissance art in northern europe
Renaissance Art in Northern Europe
  • Italy change inspired by humanism
    • emphasis on revival of the values of classic Greece & Rome.
  • No. Europe  change driven by religious reform
    • return to Christian values
    • Interest in landscapes.
    • emphasis on middle-class/peasant life.
jan van eyck
Jan van Eyck
  • Jan van Eyck
    • created realistic images
    • Very detailed
    • Used subtle colors
hans holbein the younger 1497 1543
Hans Holbein, the Younger (1497-1543)
  • One of the great German artists
  • Henry VIII was his patron
  • Great portraitist noted for:
    • Doesn’t conceal the weaknesses of his subjects.
hans holbein the younger
Hans Holbein the Younger
  • Paintings of the British royal family in almost photographic detail.
  • The Tudors (British Royal Family)

Henry VIII

Jane Seymour

pieter bruegel the elder 1525 1569
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525-1569)
  • A master of landscapes; not a portraitist.
    • People in his works often have round, blank, faces.
    • They are expressionless, mindless, and sometimes malicious.
    • They are types, rather than individuals.
    • Their purpose is to convey a message.