New York State Education Department Forum on NYS Learning Standard for Mathematics Michelle Kline, Associate in Mathematics Education Revised March 16, 2005
OVERVIEW • Why test in grades 3 through 8 every year? • What will these tests look like? • How will these tests be scored? • How will test results be used? • Information to help schools prepare.
Why Test in Grades 3 Through 8? Initially, mandated by federal government Also presents the opportunity to: • Evaluate the implementation of the learning standards annually • Measure student progress • Gather information about student readiness for study at the next level
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Specifies that statewide tests must: • Address the depth and breadth of the state content standards • Be valid, reliable, and of high technical quality • Be designed to provide a coherent system across grades and subjects
What Will These Tests Look Like? • The NYS tests are designed to measure student achievement in mathematics in grades 3 through 8. • The tests reflect New York State content/process standards in each grade and subject area. • Signal priority content • Are instructionally sensitive • Tests in mathematics will be similar in format to existing Grade 4 and 8 assessments.
What Will These Tests Look Like? • See the “Introduction to the Grades 3-8 Testing Program in ELA and Mathematics” for test design • See the “Appendix B Sample Mathematics Questions for sample math questions for grades 3 through 8.
Testing Times for Mathematics * Sessions 1 and 2 will be given on one day – both ELA and math.
Test Administration • Field Testing – May 23-27, 2005 Change from Original Schedule Due to Demands of Test Development and the Approval of New Math Standards • Operational Grades 3-8 – March 2006
How Will These Tests be Scored? • We are working to design an Electronic Distributive Scoring System, but that will take 2 years. • A number of scoring models are being considered: For year 1, districts will have to hand-score. • We are looking at authorizing the use of a Superintendent’s Conference Day to score math.
NYS Learning Standards 1996: Board of Regents approved English Language Arts (ELA) & Mathematics, Science and Technology (MST) learning standards 1998-1999: SED issued - ELA Resource Guide with Core Curriculum - Mathematics Resource Guide with Core Curriculum
Resource Guides with Core Curriculum • Developed by SED staff with NYS educators • Provide additional level of specificity to the learning standards (performance indicators, learning experiences, sample tasks, formative assessments) • Organized by grade level clusters
NYS Mathematics Learning Standards(Revisited) • Commissioner appointed Independent Panel on Math A (July 2003) • Board of Regents accepted Independent Panel on Math A Report (October 2003)
Mathematics Learning Standards(Revisited) Independent Panel on Math A Report Recommendations 1A: Educationally useful standards must be developed in mathematics for each grade, K-8, and for Math A and Math B, that consist of a clear, well-defined set of skills, the mastery of which is demonstrable. 1B: SED should establish a mathematics standards committee to rewrite the standards into functional form, and to meet regularly in the future to analyze test results, thus ensuring continuous relevance.
Mathematics Learning Standards(Revisited) Independent Panel on Math A Report Recommendations 1C: SED should develop and disseminate suggested curricula for mathematics instruction for each grade K-8, and for Math A and Math B. 1D: To benefit from the extensive research and deliberation of the current Math A Panel, some of the current Panel members should be included in both new committees recommended in this report, i.e., the standards committee, and the curriculum development committee.
Mathematics Standards Committee • Appointed by Commissioner January 2004 “examine the existing Regents standards in mathematics, consider relevant research and other standards from the U.S. and other nations, and then propose modifications to the Regents mathematics standards to improve clarity, specificity, and functionality” http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/msc • Report to Board of Regents November 2004 • Report to Board of Regents Jan/March 2005 http://www.regents.nysed.gov
Mathematics Standards Committee • Period of Public Comment • SED Summary of Public Comment • Report to Regents and Regents Action • Curriculum Guidance Materials
Mathematics Advisory Group Established by the Office of Curriculum and Instructional Support “to advise the NYS Education Department on the statewide rollout of: • The New York State Learning Standard in Mathematics (Standard 3) • Curriculum guidance materials and resources • Grades 3-8 Testing in Mathematics” http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/3-8/home.html
Mathematics Curriculum Committee Established by the Office of Curriculum and Instructional Support “to develop curriculum guidance resources/ materials to assist the field in the implementation of the new mathematics standard, content strands, process strands, and performance indicators.”
Mathematics Curriculum Committee Resources will include but are not limited to: • Crosswalk from the “old” to the “new” • Sample tasks for each performance indicator • Glossary (for teachers) • Vocabulary lists by grade level (for students) • Instructional guidelines • Role of manipulatives • Role of Technology • Calculator Guidelines • Assessment Module
Performance Indicators for Pre/Post-March Testing • For grades 3-8, content performance indicators are categorized as Pre-March or Post-March • Guide to development of local curriculum maps • All process performance indicators could be tested at a given grade level
Commercial Product Analysis Template • A form for districts to compare the new grade-by-grade performance indicators to their current math series/program • Allow districts to determine where supplements to the math series/program will be needed
Curriculum Guidance Materials Mathematics Toolkit www.emsc.nysed.gov/3-8/guidance
KEY DATES • SED launches new website on NYS Learning Standards & Grades 3-8 Testing in ELA and Mathematics (http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/3-8/home.html ) October 1, 2004 • Statewide Teleconference: NYS Learning Standards & Grades 3-8 Testing in ELA and Mathematics October 20, 2004 • SED conducts a series of Regional Forums December 2004 – April 2005 • Mathematics Standards Committee Report to the Board of Regents November 2004, January 2005, March 2005 • Public Comment Period on Proposed Mathematics Standards November 2004 – December 2004
KEY DATES(continued) • Introductory Booklet on Grades 3-8 ELA and Mathematics Testing Winter 2005 • Board of Regents Action on Proposed Mathematics Standards January 2005, March 2005 • Statewide Administration of NYS Elementary and Intermediate ELA Assessment (based on existing ELA standards) January 2005 • Field Testing of Grades 3-8 English Language Arts February 2005 • Field Testing of Grades 3-8 Mathematics May 2005
KEY DATES(continued) • SED shares template to be used by local districts to analyze their commercial standards-based programs in relationship to new Mathematics Standards March 2005 • Statewide Administration of NYS Elementary and Intermediate Mathematics Assessment (based on existing MST standards) May 2005 • SED posts NYS Core Curriculum in Mathematics &ELA May 2005 • SED shares a toolkit to support local districts in aligning their curriculum to new Mathematics Standards May 2005
KEY DATES(continued) • SED posts a revised NYS Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology May 2005 • SED updates NYS Virtual Learning System to reflect grade-by-grade content standards May 2005 • SED issues Sample Test Forms for Grades 3-8 Testing in ELA and Mathematics Fall 2005 • Administration of NYS Grades 3-8 ELA Tests January 2006 • Administration of NYS Grades 3-8 Mathematics Tests March 2006
Board of Regents Adopts NYS Learning Standard in Mathematics On March 15, 2005 the Board of Regents adopted the performance indicators for Algebra, Geometry, and Algebra 2 and Trigonometry, along with the alignment modifications to prekindergarten through grade 8. http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/3-8/m-home.htm
Mathematics, Science, and Technology Standard 3: Mathematics Students will: •understand the concepts of and become proficient with the skills of mathematics; •communicate and reason mathematically; •become problem solvers by using appropriate tools and strategies; through the integrated study of number sense and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, and statistics and probability.
Standard 3 The Three Components • Conceptual Understanding consists of those relationships constructed internally and connected to already existing ideas. • Procedural fluencyis the skill in carrying out procedures flexibly, accurately, efficiently, and appropriately. • Problem solving is the ability to formulate, represent, and solve mathematical problems.
Standard 3 Process and Content Strands
Problem Solving Strand Students will: •build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving; •solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts; •apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems; •monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.
Reasoning and Proof Strand Students will: •recognize reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics; •make and investigate mathematical conjectures; •develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs; •select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.
Communication Strand Students will: •organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communication; •communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others; •analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others; •use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.
Connections Strand Students will: •recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas; •understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another to produce a coherent whole; •recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Representation Strand Students will: •create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas; •select, apply, and translate among mathematical representations to solve problems; •use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena.
Number Sense and Operations Strand Students will: •understand numbers, multiple ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems; •understand meanings of operations and procedures, and how they relate to one another; •compute accurately and make reasonable estimates.
Algebra Strand Students will: •represent and analyze algebraically a wide variety of problem solving situations; •perform algebraic procedures accurately; •recognize, use, and represent algebraically patterns, relations, and functions.
Geometry Strand Students will: •use visualization and spatial reasoning to analyze characteristics and properties of geometric shapes; •identify and justify geometric relationships, formally and informally; •apply transformations and symmetry to analyze problem solving situations; •apply coordinate geometry to analyze problem solving situations.
Measurement Strand Students will: •determine what can be measured and how, using appropriate methods and formulas; •use units to give meaning to measurements; •understand that all measurement contains error and be able to determine its significance; •develop strategies for estimating measurements.
Statistics and Probability Strand Students will: •collect, organize, display, and analyze data; •make predictions that are based upon data analysis; •understand and apply concepts of probability.
Number Sense and Operations Bands • Number Systems • Number Theory • Operations • Estimation
Algebra Bands • Variables and Expressions • Equations and Inequalities • Patterns, Relations, and Functions • Coordinate Geometry • Trigonometric Functions
Geometry Bands •Shapes •Geometric Relationships •Transformational Geometry •Coordinate Geometry •Constructions •Locus •Informal and Formal Proofs
Measurement Bands • Units of Measurement • Tools and Methods • Units • Error and Magnitude • Estimation