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Meckel’s diverticulum presenting as small bowel obstruction PowerPoint Presentation
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Meckel’s diverticulum presenting as small bowel obstruction

Meckel’s diverticulum presenting as small bowel obstruction

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Meckel’s diverticulum presenting as small bowel obstruction

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  1. Meckel’s diverticulum presenting as small bowel obstruction 振興醫院小兒科 Dr. 程美美

  2. Clinical Course • At ward • NG: coffee-ground with bile contain (160ml) • Low urine output with dropping BP: 86/42 despite NS challenge • Use three combined antibiotics (Ampicillin, GM, Metronidazole) • Follow Abdominal echo: persistent bowel distension, bowel wall thickening, no target sign, increase ascites amount • Consult Pediatric surgeon: suggest operation • Sent to OR 12 hours later

  3. OP Findings and pathological report • Dilated distal half of small bowel • Meckel’s diverticulum ( 5 x 3 x 1 cm ) which was 30cm away from ileocecal valve with fecal obstruction 5cm in length • Resection 15cm of ileum, Clear ascites: ±100ml • Diverticulum lined by small intestine mucosa with focal lymphocyte infiltration. • The muscular wall of diverticulum is thin. • No ectopic gastric or pancreatic tissue • Surrounding ileal mucosa is unremarkable

  4. Discussion Intestinal obstruction Meckel’s diverticulum

  5. Cause of gastrointestinal obstruction–small intestine Nelson 17th • Congenital • Duodenal atresia • Annular pancreas • Malrotation / volvulus • Malrotation / Ladd bands • Ileal atresia • Meconium ileus • Meckel’s diverticulum with volvulus or intussusception • Inguinal hernia • Intestinal duplication

  6. Cause of gastrointestinal obstruction–small intestine Nelson 17th • Acquired • Postsurgical adhesions • Crohn’s disease • Intussusception • Distal ileal obstruction syndrome ( cystic fibrosis ) • Duodenal hematoma • Superior mesenteric artery syndrome

  7. Differentiation between simple and strangulating obstruction • Signs of shock, acidosis, and peritonitis, and abdominal wall often doughy and erythematous • Fever, feculent vomiting, absent bowel sound, localized abdominal tenderness, and leukocytosis

  8. Meckel’s diverticulum

  9. Meckel’s diverticulum • Lifetime complication around 4 % including perforation, obstruction, inflammation, hemorrhage, herniation, neoplasm, umbilical fistula, ulceration • Half of them occur before 2 years old • Longer ( 4 cm ), broad base ( 2 cm )

  10. Obstruction in Meckel’s diverticulum • Meckel’s diverticulum may be associated with partial or complete bowel obstruction. • Act as a lead point of an intussusception ( more common in older male children ) • Intraperitoneal bands connecting residual omphalomesenteric duct remnants to the ileum and umbilicus Nelson 17th edition

  11. Meckel’s diverticulum causing intestinal obstruction The American journal of gastroenterology December 2001 • 31 y/o man with recurrent vomiting and abdominal pain • The apex of the Meckel’s diverticulum adhesion to the mesentery, making an obstructing fold in the adjacent small bowel • Bowel loops proximal to the obstruction were dilated, adhesive band was lysed, unfolding the bowel and diverticulectomy was performed

  12. 10 different ways for Meckel’s diverticulum can cause bowel obstruction • Intussusception • Fibrous band persisting between the MD and the umbilicus causing a volvulus • Internal hernia caused by a loop of bowel trapped between the mesentery and the mesodiverticular band, mechanically compress the ileum • Litter’s hernia where MD obstructed in an external hernia • MD causing inflammatory reaction and adhesion with surrounding bowel cause obstruction

  13. 10 different ways for Meckel’s diverticulum can cause bowel obstruction 6. Obstruction of the neck of MD enlargement and compress the bowel lumen 7. Obstruction by a large enterolith in the MD 8. Torsion of MD on its own axis 9. Extrusion of the ileum through a persistent omphalomesenteric duct out of the abdomen 10. True knot involving MD and another hollow viscus

  14. Thank you for attention