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The Integrated Grid: Achieving Sustainability Through Integration. Perspective The Grid Today Vision of The Future Grid Path to the Future Grid Case Study Closing Remarks. Perspective.

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The Integrated Grid: Achieving Sustainability Through Integration


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    1. The Integrated Grid:Achieving Sustainability Through Integration • Perspective • The Grid Today • Vision of The Future Grid • Path to the Future Grid • Case Study • Closing Remarks

    2. Perspective • A Russian astrophysicist, Nikolai Kardashev established a measurement of evolution of a civilization based on its ability to harness energy. • Type I Civilization – Harness Power from the Planet (Solar, Wind, Water, Mechanical Energy of Moving Parts, and Temperature Gradients) • Type II Civilization – Harness Power of the Solar System • Type III Civilization – Harness Power of the Galaxy

    3. Perspective • Dr. Michio Kaku, a Theoretical Physicist uses Nikolai’s classification scale to describe our current civilization in his book, Physics of the Impossible. • What type did Dr Michio Kaku classify our current civilization? Type 0

    4. Challenges With The Grid Today • Reliability & Ops • Assets are aging • Technical losses are growing • Faults are increasing due to increased stress and age • Capacity & Supply • Central supply costs increasing • New generation challenges • Distributed energy resource integration needed to reach environmental targets • Information Technology • Systems are not prepared for emerging applications • Limited network management capability • Inadequate communications • Demand Management • Demand increasing beyond supply capacity • Growth is where supply is not • Existing meter infrastructure is inadequate

    5. The Grid Today Opportunities: • T&D losses – 6-8%, $20 billion/yr • Losses from outages $100-164 billion/yr • Power Quality Losses $15-24 billion/yr • Global Warming from 32 billion metric tons of CO2 • 8.3 billion people on Earth in 2030

    6. Vision of the Future Grid Edge Intelligence Monitoring & control interfaces to the edge of the distribution grid Integrated Management Energy delivery, consumption & storage are managed in an integrated system Communications Infrastructure Two-way, real-time communications between operations and distributed devices Analytics & Modeling Solutions with the intelligence to analyze and model data are value multipliers

    7. Path to the Future Grid A smart grid integrates management of distributed energy resources

    8. Path to the Future Grid Optimization : Reliability ♦ Efficiency ♦ Environmental ♦ Economics Grid DER Load Substation Integrated Smart Grid Management SubstationManagement GridManagement Dist. Gen.Management StorageManagement LoadManagement FacilitiesManagement Power SG Integration and Collaboration

    9. Path to the Future Grid Utilize Energy Storage Manage storage and use of energy from distributed energy storage assets, shifting when energy is produced and when energy is consumed. Firm Distributed Renewables & Generation Integrate management of renewable generation with storage, load management and distributed generation. Emergency Load Reduction In an emergency, total non-critical load can be dispatched regardless of program rules to protect assets and assure reliable supply. Market vs. Operational Load Reduction Increase the value of load reduction by utilizing it for market and operational needs. Fast 2-Way Communications Provide real-time monitoring and control capabilities to both utility stakeholders and end-customer so that energy assets and loads are utilized in the most effective ways. Integration Flexibility Provide an easy and low cost way of integrating new generation, sensor, or metering technologies into a unified system.

    10. Path to the Future Grid • Security • Intensive Processing Power (Central & Distributed) • Fast Real-Time Communications • Integration of Renewables • Advanced Optimization Models • System Modularity • Innovation and Technology Advancement

    11. Key Benefits of DER Grid Integration • Overall • Unify the benefits of renewable and distributed generation, energy storage and load resources into a single controlled system • Improve DER ROI and asset monetization • Reduce Environmental Impact • Facilitate Sustainability • Operational • Integrate & manage multiple classes of DER assets • Optimized DER dispatch to support reliability, efficiency, economic, environmental and other operational goals • Project expected load throughout the grid based on historical data and weather forecasts to identify and respond to critical situations • Improve asset protection through better locational capacity & load control • Enhance configuration and state estimation capability

    12. Case Study Example Deployment of Grid Integration

    13. DER Case Study – FirstEnergy/JCP&L • Opportunity • Relieve congestion and improved reliability of circuits with highest peak load relative to capacity to delay substation upgrades and meet environmental goals • Results •  Initial project approved for inclusion in rate base by NJBPU •  Selected by the EPRI as one of three regional smart grid demonstration projects •  Turn-key project manages 5 MW of load for 4,000 customers on 3 targeted circuits •  Demonstrated significant yield per managed load with optimized algorithms based on specific, real-time customer load and premise temperature data. •  Project approved for expansion by NJBPU and expansion is underway to mange 15 MW of load for 10,000 customers •  iDER™ assets include load and storage • Solution • BPLG and FirstEnergy/JCP&L co-developed iDER™ – integrated Distributed Energy Resource Management – to coordinate use of load, storage & renewables as grid resources

    14. Hybrid DER Configuration Normal Transmission Xfmr L Storage L Distribution L L Storage L L Storage Storage L Customer Loads L LoadControl (Residential) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial)

    15. Hybrid DER Configuration Stressed Transmission Xfmr L Storage L Distribution L L Storage L L Storage Storage L Customer Loads L LoadControl (Residential) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial)

    16. Hybrid DER Configuration Emergency Transmission Xfmr Xfmr L Storage L Distribution L L Storage L L Storage Storage L Open Switch LoadControl (Residential) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial) Customer Loads L LoadControl (Residential) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial) LoadControl (Residential) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial)

    17. Hybrid DER Configuration Emergency Transmission Open Switches Xfmr L Storage L Distribution L L Storage L L Storage Storage L Customer Loads L LoadControl (Residential) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial) DistributedGeneration RenewableEnergy LoadControl(Commercial)

    18. Closing Remarks • With true grid integration and fast moving innovation we are on the verge of becoming a Type I Civilization which by definition is sustainable. • There are social, economic, cultural, political, technological drivers that shape the trajectory to sustainability. • We have to the power and the challenge to transform civilization to achieve energy sustainability. • Integration of the grid is the next step on our path to sustainability.

    19. The Integrated Grid:Achieving Sustainability Through Integration Thanks! Victor L. Brown, Product Marketing Manager BPL Global: 614-935-5161 vbrown@bplglobal.net