Three Case Studies in African Nationalism. Kwame Nkrumah—Gold Coast/Ghana L éopold Senghor—Senegal Jomo Kenyatta—Kenya. Kwame Nkrumah: Pan-Africanism and Development. Kwame Nkrumah. Born 1909 to a fairly poor family
…Lord God, forgive white Europe!
Yes, it is true, Lord, that for four centuries of enlightenment
She has thrown her spit and her baying watchdogs on my lands
And Christians, renouncing Your light and Your gentle hear
Have lighted their camps with my parchments,
Tortured my followers, deported my doctors and scientists.
…I want to pray especially for France.
Lord, among white nations, place France at the Father’s right hand.
Oh, I know she, too, is Europe, that she has snatched my children
Like a cattle-rustling brigand from the north
To fatten her lands with sugarcane and cotton
Since black sweat is fertilizer.
…Yes, Lord, forgive France, who hates occupying forces
And yet imposes such strict occupation on me
Who offers a hero’s welcome to some, and treats
The Senegalese like mercenaries, the Empire’s black watchdogs.
…Oh, Lord, take from my memory France that is not France,
This mask of meanness and hate on the face of France…