unit 4 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Unit 4 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Unit 4

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 16
yazid

Unit 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

131 Views
Download Presentation
Unit 4
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Unit 4 Early Modern Asia

  2. Main Ideas • Advances under the Ming and Qing dynasties left China uninterested in European contact. • The Tokugawa regime unified Japan and began 250 years of isolation, autocracy, and economic growth • Both cultures remain isolated for centuries

  3. The Ming Dynasty - China • Powerful dynasty (1350-1650) • Hongwu - drove Mongols out • Agriculture improved, restored Confucian traditions (respect), voyages of exploration through Asia; many nations paid tribute • Son Yonglo continues growth • Trade restricted by govt. but smuggling abounded • Chinese goods in demand so commerce & trade flourished

  4. China • European Christian missionaries brought Christianity and knowledge of science and technology to China • Otherwise, China was essentially isolated • Ming declined and was eventually taken over by Qing Dynasty

  5. Hongwu

  6. Voyages of Zheng He • Muslim admiral who led 7 voyages • Huge ships, fleets, traveled vast distances • Distributed gifts (gold, silver, silk) to show China’s superiority • Many sent tributes • After voyages, however, China withdrew into isolation • Some thought voyages wasted resources Zheng He

  7. Zheng He’s ship compared to Columbus’s Ship, Santa Maria

  8. Qing Dynasty (“Ching”) • Formed by Manchus who invaded Ming dynasty • Expanded China’s borders • Kangxi(“Kang She”) restored order, prosperity, upheld Confucian beliefs, secured borders, reduced govt. expenses, lowered taxes, scholar and patron of the arts, open to ideas about medicine, science, math • Continues Chinese isolation & had trade restrictions/rules • Dutch complied – kowtow (bow and touch head to ground 9 times) • Brought porcelain, silk and a new product, tea

  9. Life in Ming & Qing Dynasties • Agriculture improved, irrigation/fertilizer • New products in addition to rice: corn, sweet potatoes • Food increased, health improved, population grew, families grew • Sons favored over daughters; females not valued; female infants killed • But women had many responsibilities • Progress in art, pottery (porcelain – high quality ceramic), music, drama

  10. Japan • Japan had been under a feudal system (led by Shoguns) • Civil wars – powerful samurai warriors seized feudal estates • Daimyo – chieftains became lords • System was similar to European feudalism (hierarchy) • Oda Nobunaga – powerful daimyo, ruled by force, sought to eliminate enemies • Unable to unify Japan, committed seppuku (ritual suicide) • Later Tokugawa Ieyasuunites Japan • Moved capital from Kyoto to Edo (later Tokyo) • Restored centralized government to Japan • Tokugawa Shogunate holds power until 1867

  11. Oda Nobunaga

  12. Life in Tokugawa Japan • 250 years of stability, prosperity, isolation • Peasants still suffered due to heavy taxes • Very structured society (Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, peasants, etc.) • Becomes more urban over time – literature, drama, art • Haiku poetry (5-7-5 syllable, 3 line) • Kabuki theater

  13. Japan cont. • Portugal and others had traded with Japan • Clocks, eyeglasses, tobacco, firearms • Guns forever changed warfare and the samurai (swords) • Christian missionaries • Japanese tired of efforts to convert, too much interference by Europeans • Christians began to be persecuted/killed • Closed country policy – commercial contacts with Europe ended (except Dutch) • 200 years – Japan remains closed (approx 1600 – 1800)