JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY: NO HOLDS BARRED – SESSION 5. Israel as Homeland Confronts Israel as Holy Land. “Administrative Matters”. Dialogue from 9:00 to 9:50 Break from 9:50 to 10:00 Dialogue from 10:00 to 10:30 Questions and Answers from 10:30 to 10:45.
Israel as Homeland
Israel as Holy Land
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Land eternally promised to Abraham
A nation, and also a people (God’s Chosen)
Western wall is part of the place (the Temple) where God dwelt
Jewish understanding is unlike Christian and Islamic understandings in which there are “sites” that are holy.
The LAND itself is holy to Jews
Safe haven against persecution and rejection
(“If Israel is safe, Jews around the world are safe”)
“We need not be submissive to anyone any more”
Bastion of democracy in the Middle East
Minimum recompense for Nazi atrocities and the world’s indifference from 1933 to 1945
For Jews, the founding of Israel
(a) confirms that God redeems in history through human beings and
(b) is needed because Jews need to take care of themselves and protect themselves
The Land of Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and political identity was shaped. Here they first attained to statehood, created cultural values of national and universal significance and gave to the world the eternal Book of Books….
On the 29th November, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the establishment of a Jewish State in Eretz-Israel;
the General Assembly required the inhabitants of Eretz-Israel to take such steps as were necessary on their part for the implementation of that resolution. This right is the natural right of the Jewish people to be masters of their own fate, like all other nations, in their own sovereign State.
The State of Israel will be open for Jewish immigration and for the Ingathering of the Exiles; it will foster the development of the country for the benefit of all its inhabitants; it will be based on freedom,
justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel; it will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions; and it will be faithful to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
We extend our hand to all neighboring states and their peoples in an offer of peace and good neighborliness, and appeal to them to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual help with the sovereign Jewish people settled in its own land. The State of Israel is prepared to do its share in a common effort for the advancement of the entire Middle East.
Discussed by David Brooks – NYT 12.19.13
0:00 to 8:02
What the world will be -- when all is as it should be (Shalom; Lion lies down with the lamb)
Victory in Six Day War of 1967 and return of Old City of Jerusalem intensified messianic expectations of many religious Zionists
Not clear how or when, but the Messianic Age will occur
1. Restoration of Temple and return of all Jews to Israel will be part of the Messianic Age
2. Founding the secular state of Israel was the beginning of the process that will end when entire world is in fact living under God’s reign
3. For some, there it is God’s will that Israel return to “Greater Israel” – the boundaries of Solomon (Eretz-Israel)
30:50 to 37:06