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SGTM 1 A: Peacekeepers’ Introduction to the United Nations System. Historical background UN Charter Six main organs “UN system”. Failure of the League of Nations First use of “United Nations” Establishing the UN UN Day, 24th October. UN Charter: an international treaty.
Historical background • UN Charter • Six main organs • “UN system”
Failure of the League of Nations • First use of“United Nations” • Establishing the UN • UN Day, 24th October
UN Charter: an international treaty • Purposes and principles of UN • Rights and obligations ofMember States • Principal organs and theirprocedures • Main principles of internationalrelations
Preamble • To save succeeding generations from the scourge of war • To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights ... • ... in the dignity and worth of the human person • ... in the equal rights of men and women • ... and of nations large and small
Preamble (continued) • To establish conditions for maintaining justice and respect for international law • To practice tolerance and live together in peace as good neighbours • To unite our strength to maintain international peace and security • To ensure that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest
Purposes • Maintain international peace and security • Develop friendly relations amongnations • Cooperate in solving economic, social, cultural, humanitarian problems • Harmonize actions of nations for common ends
Principles • Sovereign equality of all members • International disputes settled peacefully • No threat or use of force • Every assistance for action supporting Charter • Non-intervention in domestic jurisdiction
Principal organs General Assembly Trusteeship Council Security Council International Court of Justice Economic and Social Council Secretariat
General Assembly • Main deliberative organ • All Member States • One vote per State • Fourth Committee: “Special Political”issues • Special Committee on PeacekeepingOperations
Security Council • Maintains international peace and security • 5 permanent members: China, France, Russia, UK, US • 10 rotating members, elected for 2-year terms
Economic and Social Council • Central forum for discussing global economic, social and developmental issues • Initiates studies, reports and recommendations on economic, social, cultural, educational and health matters • Promotes respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms • Has 54 members serving 3-year terms, elected by General Assembly • Consults non-governmental and civil society organizations
“World Court” • Open to all States party toits Statute • Legal disputes only betweenStates • Advisory opinions forUN system
Trusteeship Council • Supervise administration of11 Trust Territories • All Territories now independent, Council suspended
Secretary-General with DPKO Force Commanders/Heads of Military Components
The Secretary-General • Chief administrative officer • Alerts Security Councilto threats • Reports to General Assembly • Advances purposes ofUN Charter
Kofi Annan (Ghanaian),seventh UN Secretary-GeneralFirst term 1997-2001,second term 2000-2006
UNHCR— Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF— United Nations Children’s Fund UNDP— United Nations Development Programme WFP— World Food Programme