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Chapter 1. Professional, Architectural Careers, Office Practice, and Opportunities. Links for Chapter 1. Architectural Careers. Design Basics. The Design Process. Related Web Sites. Architectural Careers. Beginning Drafter - Entry level position to gain experience and skill

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Chapter 1

Professional, Architectural Careers, Office Practice, and Opportunities

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Links for Chapter 1

Architectural Careers

Design Basics

The Design Process

Related Web Sites

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Architectural Careers

  • Beginning Drafter - Entry level position to gain experience and skill

  • Experienced Drafter - Expected to make construction decisions based on initial designs

  • Positions are available with architects, engineers, and designers

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Architectural Careers

  • Designer - May work under an architect and as a coordinator of many drafters

  • Architect - Must be licensed to practice

    • Designs residential and commercial buildings

    • Additional schooling beyond high school required

    • A variety of architectural careers available

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Architectural Careers

  • Engineer - Work is more technical and requires high level of math and science

    • Education beyond high school required

    • A variety of engineering fields available

    • Required to pass an examination for certification

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Architectural Careers

  • Illustrator - Combines artistic and architectural skills to produce drawings

  • Model Maker - Follows plans to build scale models

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Architectural Careers

  • Specification Writer - Understands the construction process to write necessary details of the plans

  • Inspector - Checks plans to ensure codes and laws have been followed

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Design Basics

  • Financial Considerations - Estimates for labor and material costs are calculated

  • The Client - Important to ensure that their desires in the project are being met accordingly

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The Design Process

  • Initial Contact - The designers and client meet to discuss design ideas, fees, schedules, and ensure personalities are compatible

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The Design Process

  • Preliminary Design Studies - Following the research, bubble drawings and scaled sketches are created

    • Rooms must be considered throughout this stage and may include room usage, furniture layout, and size requirements

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The Design Process

  • Initial Working Drawings - A drafter begins to make working drawings that include the foundation, plot, roof, electrical, cabinet, and framing plans

  • Final Design Considerations - A conference with the client is needed to discuss the initial working drawings

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The Design Process

  • Completion of Working Drawings - Drawings include at least:

    • (A) Architectural

    • (S) Structural

    • (M) Mechanical

    • (E) Electrical

    • (P) Plumbing

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The Design Process

  • Permit Procedures - Once all plans are complete appropriate permits must be secured before construction begins

  • Job Supervision - Although not usually done by the designer, sometimes he/she is required to go to the site and solve problems.

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Related Web Sites

  • Sweet’s System -

  • National Association of Home Builders -

  • Residential Architect Online -

  • Architect’s First Source for Products -