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Bloodborne. Pathogens. Bloodborne Pathogens. microorganisms present in human blood that cause disease in humans. Bloodborne Pathogens. Major Pathogens are: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) hepatitis virus . Hepatitis B (HBV). Hepatitis Infection facts.

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Pathogens

Bloodborne

Pathogens


Bloodborne pathogens
Bloodborne Pathogens

  • microorganisms present in human blood that cause disease in humans


Bloodborne pathogens1
Bloodborne Pathogens

  • Major Pathogens are:

    • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

    • hepatitis virus



Hepatitis infection facts
Hepatitis Infection facts

  • Only 50% of people infected each year will become acutely ill

  • the other 50% show no symptoms & do not know they are infected


Infection facts
Infection facts

  • 90-94% of people have immune systems that defeat the virus

  • Those who cannot beat the virus become chronic carriers


Transmission of hbv
Transmission of HBV

  • most common mode of HBV of transmission is percutaneous (through the skin) or via exposure to mucous membrane


Pathogens

Human

Immunodeficiency

Virus

(HIV)


What is it
What is it?

  • a virus which disrupts and cripples the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to infections


Comparing hiv to hbv
Comparing HIV to HBV

  • HBV is hardier than HIV

    • HBV can remain infectious outside the body for a week or longer

    • HIV is very fragile outside of the body

    • risk of acquiring HBV is greater than that of HIV


Comparing hiv to hbv1
Comparing HIV to HBV

  • There is 100 x more concentration of HBV in the blood as compared to HIV

  • HBV can be transmitted through other bodily fluids (saliva, mucous, etc)


The organization which provides regulations that would protect employees

The organization which provides regulations that would protect employees

osha

occupational safety &

health administration


Exposure prevention
Exposure protect employees Prevention


Universal precautions
Universal Precautions protect employees

  • all blood and certain body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other BBP’s


Pre event preparation
Pre-event Preparation protect employees

  • providing proper care of existing wounds


Personal protective equipment
Personal Protective Equipment protect employees

  • gloves, gowns, laboratory coats, face masks, and eye protection


Work practice controls
Work Practice Controls protect employees

  • altering the manner in which a task is performed to limit exposure


Engineering controls
Engineering Controls protect employees

  • removing or isolating the hazard

  • isolating the worker from the exposure

    • use of biohazard containers and Sharps containers


General housekeeping practices
General Housekeeping Practices protect employees

  • maintain the work site in a clean and sanitary condition