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Understanding Software Accessibility. The Need for Accessible Software. 54 million people with disabilities in the United States Aging Temporary disabilities Circumstances Good business It is the law. What Is Section 508?. History Access Board – EITAAC

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Presentation Transcript
the need for accessible software
The Need for Accessible Software
  • 54 million people with disabilities in the United States
  • Aging
  • Temporary disabilities
  • Circumstances
  • Good business
  • It is the law
what is section 508
What Is Section 508?
  • History
  • Access Board – EITAAC
  • Electronic and Information Technology
  • Develop, Procure, Maintain or Use
  • Access for Employees and Public
section 508 continued
Section 508 Continued
  • Undue Burden

“significant difficulty or expense”

  • June 21, 2001
barriers
Blindness

Low vision

Mobility disabilities

Hearing disabilities

Seizure disorders

Barriers
visual impairments
Visual Impairments
  • Dimness
  • Haziness
  • Extreme far/near sightedness
  • Color blindness
  • Tunnel vision
  • Total Blindness
mobility impairments
Mobility Impairments
  • Arthritis
  • Stroke
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Loss of limbs or digits
  • Spinal Cord Injuries
  • Repetitive Stress Injury
hearing impairments
Hearing Impairments
  • Partial Hearing Loss
  • High/low Frequency Loss
  • Total Deafness
cognitive impairments
Cognitive Impairments
  • Dyslexia
  • Memory loss
  • Problem Solving
  • Comprehension
assistive technologies
Assistive Technologies
  • Screen readers
  • Screen enlargers
  • Voice input aids
  • On-screen keyboards
  • Alternate input devices
  • OS accessibility features
demonstrations

Demonstrations

Assistive Technology

basic principles
Basic Principles
  • Flexibility
  • Input methods
  • Output methods
  • Consistency
  • Compatibility
section 508

Section 508

Technical Software Standards

section 508 software technical standards
Section 508 Software Technical Standards
  • Keyboard equivalents for mouse actions sample
  • Support accessibility features sample
  • On screen focus and tracking sample
  • Images properties (identity, role & location)
  • Consistency of bitmap control elements
  • Text information and properties
508 standards cont
508 Standards Cont.
  • Contrast and Color sample
  • Animation
  • Color-coding
  • Color and contrast variety options
  • Flashing or blinking text, objects, etc
  • Electronic forms 
on screen focus indication
On Screen Focus Indication
  • Many accessibility aids need to identify the location of the keyboard focus.
documentation
Documentation
  • Alternate Formats
  • Accessibility or compatibility features
  • Support Services and Help Desks
case study

Case Study

Accessible Software

Versus

Not Accessible Software

resources
Resources
  • TRACE (www.trace.wisc.edu)
  • DOJ (www.usdoj.gov/crt/508/508home.html)
  • ED (www.gcs.ed.gov/coninfo/clibrary/software.htm)
  • IBM (www-3.ibm.com/able)
  • SUN (www.sun.com/tech/access)
  • Access Board Final Rule

(www.access-board.gov/news/508-final.htm)