Secular Humanism. Niccolo Machiavelli John locke Thomas hobbes Jean jacques rousseau. A little history…. Medieval [Western] Civilizations Environment of fear and insecurity Challenged by bandits, vikings and anarchy Historically crippled by famines and plagues
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1469 to 1527 – Florence Italy
1588-1679 - England
The notion of the social contract implies that the people give up sovereignty to a government or other authority in order to receive or maintain social order through the rule of law. It can also be thought of as an agreement by the governed on a set of rules by which they are governed.
1632-1704 - England
BIO: philosopher, writer, composer, musical theorist and national hero
1712-1778 - Geneva
Much of what broke down absolutism in monarchies was the religious deconstruction of the time and the growing divide between church and science.
Thirty Years War
Treat of Westphalia (1648)