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Gestalt Therapy Fritz Perls. Chapter 9. The Case of Jessica. 30-year-old divorced African American female Mother of 5-year-old son Self-referred for therapy due to: Violence in current relationship Appears to be open to counseling. Basic Philosophy. Neutral view of humans Humanistic

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the case of jessica
The Case of Jessica

30-year-old divorced African American female

Mother of 5-year-old son

Self-referred for therapy due to:

Violence in current relationship

Appears to be open to counseling

basic philosophy
Basic Philosophy

Neutral view of humans

Humanistic

Existential

Emphasize individual choice and responsibility

Holistic:

People can’t be separated from their environment

People cannot be divided into parts – there is no separation between the mind and body

human motivation
Human Motivation

Behavior is motivated by the drive to satisfy:

Biological needs

Psychological needs

Interpersonal needs

Humans regulate behavior to facilitate growth

central constructs
Central Constructs

Contact

Assimilation

Contact Boundary

Needs

Gestalt

Figure

Ground

central constructs6
Central Constructs

The cycle of awareness

central constructs7
Central Constructs

Polarities

Contact Disturbance

Introjection

Projection

Confluence

Retroflection

Isolation

Deflection

theory of the person
Theory of the Person

Initially a variation of the developmental theory of psychoanalysis

Current gestalt theory has little developmental or personality theory

Childhood events that inhibit satisfaction of needs are acknowledged

psychological health and dysfunction
Psychological Health and Dysfunction

Health

Is interconnected with the environment

Is aware of needs

Is able to satisfy needs

Takes responsibility for choices

Assigns meaning to experience

psychological health and dysfunction10
Psychological Health and Dysfunction

Dysfunction (Dis-Ease)

Denying what is unpleasant

Emotions are symbolic of unmet needs

Has unfinished business

nature of therapy
Nature of Therapy

No Formal Assessments

Role of Counselor

Authentic

Remains aware of his/her experience of the client

Role of Client

Continuously engages in the process of self-discovery

Takes what is offered in therapy and tests it to see if it fits other aspects of his/her life

nature of therapy12
Nature of Therapy

Goals

Client is to gain awareness

Client applies what is learned in therapy to his/her life

process of therapy
Process of Therapy

Relationship

Provides a medium through which awareness is explored

Increase Awareness

Interruptions in awareness are what brings the client to therapy

Experiment

Allow clients to try things out in the safe atmosphere of therapy

process of therapy14
Techniques

Therapist self-disclosure

Dialogs

Playing the projection

Exaggeration

Reversals

Techniques

Dream work

Working with polarities

Awareness training

Making the rounds

I Take Responsibility

Process of Therapy
evaluation
Evaluation

Qualities

Precise

Testable

Stimulating

Empirical validity

Research Support

Outcome research

Theory-testing research

issues of individual and cultural diversity
Pros

Counselor works with the client in the context of his/her environment

Awareness and personal power

Cons

Individualism

Expressiveness

Self-disclosure

Lack of focus on content

Issues of Individual and Cultural Diversity