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Art History Renaissance 1400 Italy Neo-classicism - 1700s Romantisism – 1800s Realism – 1850s Impessionism – 1870s Expressionism – 1900s Surrealists – 1930s Pop art – 1960s Post modernism – 1980s. Impressionist music (1870s). Monet Debussy Mozart.
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Renaissance 1400 Italy
Neo-classicism - 1700s
Romantisism – 1800s
Realism – 1850s
Impessionism – 1870s
Expressionism – 1900s
Surrealists – 1930s
Pop art – 1960s
Post modernism – 1980s
"To disrupt the mental anxiety of the spectator“ - Dali
Warning: some nudity & blood
Consider art history
- realist – Impressionists – Expressionists - Surrealists – etc
- femism, marxism
- Novels to uphold social order
Write paragraph about:
‘good artists borrow, great artists steal’ – Picasso
Art and Appropriation
To appropriate something involves taking possession of it. In the visual arts, the term appropriation often refers to the use of borrowed elements in the creation of new work.
The borrowed elements may include images, forms or styles from art history or from popular culture, or materials and techniques from non-art contexts.
Beginning in the 1960s artists such as Warhol, Richter and Artschwager, began making paintings that translated photographic images taken from newspapers and advertisements.
This painting shows how photography has influenced not just the content but also the technique of painting.
Andy Warhol, Big Electric Chair, 1967.
Gerhard Richter’s Woman with Umbrella, a moving portrait of a distressed woman, is in fact based on a photograph of a grieving Jackie Kennedy but could easily be any ordinary passer-by.
“I did not take it [photography] as a subsititute for reality but as a crutch to help me get to reality,” a quote by him on the gallery wall explains.
Gerhard Richter, Woman with Umbrella, 1964,
Liu Xiaodong’s “A Transsexual Getting Down Stairs” (2001) brings to mind Marcel Duchamp’s “Nude Descending a Staircase.”
Such references interweave art history in ways that work for most of us on a subconscious level.
Liu Xiaodong “A Transsexual Getting Down Stairs” (2001)
Nude descending a staircase no2 1912 by Marcel Duchamp
Music is not exempt from appropriation either. In their music video for their song Lemon, U2 pay tribute to the photographer Muybridge.
… painters and poets
do the same!
In the 1950s, a group of artists in Great Britain and the USA, rather than despising popular culture, gladly embraced its imagery and its methods.
Their audacity at first scandalized the Establishment, but by the mid-1960s their work dominated the world art scene and names such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Robert Rauschenberg were familiar to many.
They all look to (and steal) from
each other. You can’t detach
yourself from the world, and
the influences, around you.
Picasso Here, Picasso has appropriated (borrowed, and made his own) the form and subject of Velasquez’s ‘Las Menias’ to create a new work .
In 2005, a Richard Prince photograph of a Marlboro cigarettes advertisement
was auctioned for over $1.2 million - a world record. He photographed the
Marlboro ad without permission removing the identifying marks. In a 1977
essay, Prince proclaimed that he was "practicing without a license" – referring
to his practice of stealing other people's pictures and publishing them as his
In 2003, Mark & Dinos Chapman famously bought and then altered a set of Los Caprichos, - a series of etchings by Goya. Working on top of the original prints they ‘vandalised’ the original work, by painting on top of it. In doing this, they literally ‘appropriated’ the work of Goya and made it their own, placing the original in a different context and creating something new.
The Chapman Brothers
The Chapman Brothers appropriated the work of Goya more than once… and in a number of different ways.
Great Deeds Against The Dead by Jake and Dinos Chapman (1994)
Goya Disasters of War, 1810 - 20
The Chapman Brothers didn’t only ‘appropriate’ from Goya, they have also worked on top of a number of Victorian portraits, ‘defacing’ the original sitter, by giving them a new and ghostly disguise.
They also worked into a number of
Hitler’s original drawings for the exhibition
‘If Hitler was a hippie, how happy would he be?’
Alexander McQueen & Sydney Opera House (by Jørn Utzon)