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America in the Age of Empire. Ch 4.1. Monday, March 5, 2012. Daily goal: Understand how Anglo- Saxonism and a desire for new markets encouraged American Imperialism . Think About it… Why do countries expand and form empires? What is their motivation and what do they have to gain?.

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monday march 5 2012
Monday, March 5, 2012
  • Daily goal:
  • Understand how Anglo-Saxonism and a desire for new markets encouraged American Imperialism.
  • Think About it…
  • Why do countries expand and form empires? What is their motivation and what do they have to gain?
why do countries start empires
Why do countries start empires?
  • New markets for Business
  • Belief in Racial Superiority
desire for new markets
Desire for New Markets
  • New places to sell products and get raw materials.
  • The military was used to protect American investments overseas.
imperialism
Imperialism
  • The economic and political domination of a stronger nation over weaker ones.
a feeling of superiority
A Feeling of Superiority
  • Americans strongly believed in Anglo-Saxonismwhich argued that English-speaking people had superior characteristics, ideas, and systems of gov’t, and were destined to dominate the world.
perry opens japan1
Perry Opens Japan
  • America sent Commodore Matthew C. Perry with a fleet of warships to force Japan to sign a trade treaty with the US.
  • Japan then begins to Westernize.
hawaii
Hawaii
  • US business - sugar plantations
  • Amer. Business owned most land tax free
  • Massive immigration by Whites + Asians
  • US could import Hawaiian sugar tax free
pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor
  • Middle location between US and Asia
    • great natural location for naval station
annexing hawai i
Annexing Hawai’i
  • Sugar=$$$
  • Hawaii=Sugar Plantations
  • US wanted Hawaii
  • The planters gained power in Hawai’i and overthrew Queen Luliuokalani with the support of the US Marines in 1893.
  • Hawai’i was formally annexed in 1898.
relations with latin america
Relations with Latin America
  • America purchased many raw materials from Latin America, but Latin American country’s bought most of their goods from Europe.
  • America wanted to sell more goods in Latin America.
  • America proposed the idea of Pan-Americanism.
building a modern navy
Building a Modern Navy
  • Who was Alfred T. Mahan? What did his book argue the United States should do?
  • Who was Senator Henry Cabot Lodge? What did he support?