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Trends in the Postschool Experiences of Youth With Disabilities. Findings From the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Mary Wagner, Ph.D. SRI International Secondary Transition State Planning Institute: Building for the Future Charlotte, North Carolina May 12-14, 2009.

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trends in the postschool experiences of youth with disabilities

Trends in the Postschool Experiences ofYouth With Disabilities

Findings From the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2)

Mary Wagner, Ph.D.SRI International

Secondary Transition State Planning Institute: Building for the Future

Charlotte, North Carolina

May 12-14, 2009

nlts2 overview
NLTS2 overview

NLTS2 has been funded with federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, under contract number ED-01-CO-0003. The content of this presentation does not necessarily reflect the view or policies of the U.S. Department of Education, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. government.

data sources
Data sources
  • Parent telephone interviews
  • Youth telephone interviews/survey
  • NLTS2 Waves 2, 3, and 4 (2003, 2005, 2007)
    • Wave 4 responses for youth who have been out of high school up to 6 years
    • Ages 19 through 23
today s agenda
Today’s agenda
  • Review trends in outcomes of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years regarding:
    • High school completion
    • Postsecondary education
    • Employment
    • Participation in postsecondary school, work, or preparation for work
    • Independent living and childbearing or fathering
    • Criminal justice system involvement
  • Describe outcome differences related to:
    • Gender
    • Race/ethnicity
    • High school completion status
  • Describe outcomes for youth in the categories of learning disability, mental retardation, and emotional disturbance
high school completion by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by year
High school completion by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide7

Participation in high school equivalency programs by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years who left high school without finishing, by year

NOTE: Data on completion not available for 2003.SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide9
Postsecondary education enrollment in by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

Percent

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide10
Enrollment in postsecondary education by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year and type of school

Percentage ever enrolled since high school

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide11
Postsecondary program completion by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years ever enrolled, by type of school

Percentage ever enrolled who received a certificate or diploma from:

Any postsecondary school

Vocational/technical/business school

2-year college

4-year college/university

Percent

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

employment of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by year
Employment of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

Percent

NOTE: Percentage employed ever since high school not available for 2003.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

full time work by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by year
Full-time work by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

Percent

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

mean hourly wage of employed youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by year
Mean hourly wage of employed youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide15

Participation in postsecondary education, paid employment, or job training of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

living arrangements of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by year
Living arrangements of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

NOTE: Living Independently is on one’s own or with a spouse; living semi-independently is in a dorm, military housing, or a job-related living facility; living not independently is with a family member other than a spouse, in foster care or a group home, or in a medical, mental health, criminal justice or other facility. Percentages of independent and semi-independent living not available for 2003.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

childbearing or fathering by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by year
Childbearing or fathering by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

NOTE: Question asked only of or about youth age 16 or older.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide20
Criminal justice system involvement of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by year

Percentage ever involved since high school

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Waves 2, 3, and 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2003, 2005, 2007.

slide22
High school completion and equivalency program participation by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by gender

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide23
Postsecondary education enrollment by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by gender

Ever attended since high school:

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide24
Postsecondary program completion by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years ever enrolled, by gender

Students ever enrolled who completed postsecondary program from:

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

employment by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by gender
Employment by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by gender

Percentage who:

** p > .01 * p < .05

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide26

Participation in postsecondary education, paid employment, or job training by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by gender

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide27
Independent living and childbearing or fathering by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by gender

**

** p < .01

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide28
Criminal justice system involvement by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by gender

Youth had ever been:

*

* p < .05

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide30
High school completion and equivalency program participation by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide31
Postsecondary education enrollment by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

Ever attended since high school:

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide32
Postsecondary program completion by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years ever enrolled, by race/ethnicity

Enrollees receiving diploma/certificate from:

*

  • * p < .05 comparing African American and Hispanic youth.
  • SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.
employment of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years by race ethnicity
Employment of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

Percentage who:

**

** p < .01 comparing White and African American youth.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide34

Participation in postsecondary education, paid employment, or job training by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide35
Independent living and childbearing or fathering by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

**p < .01 comparing White and African American youth.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide36
Criminal justice system involvement by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

Youth has ever been:

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide37
Postschool Outcomes for Youth With Learning Disabilities, Mental Retardation, or Emotional Disturbances
slide38

High school completion and equivalency program participation by youth with learning disabilities, mental retardation, or emotional disturbances out of high school up to 6 years

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide39

Postsecondary education enrollment by youth with learning disabilities, mental retardation, or emotional disturbances out of high school up to 6 years, by type of school

Ever attended since high school:

**

*

** p < .01, * p < .05 compared with youth with mental retardation.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide40

Postsecondary program completion by youth with learning disabilities, mental retardation, or emotional disturbances out of high school up to 6 years

Ever enrolled and received diploma/certificate from:

NOTE: There are too few youth with mental retardation who had enrolled in a business/vocational/technical school or a 4-year college/university to report completion rates for them.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide41
Employment of youth with learning disabilities, mental retardation, or emotional disturbances out of high school up to 6 years

Percentage who:

**

***

*

*** p < .001, ** p < .01, * p < .05 compared with youth with mental retardation.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide42

Participation in postsecondary education, employment, or job training of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by race/ethnicity

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

42

slide43

Independent living and childbearing or fathering by youth with learning disabilities, mental retardation, or emotional disturbances out of high school up to6 years

**

*

** p < .01, * p < .05 comparing youth with learning disabilities and those with mental retardation.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide44

Criminal justice system involvement by youth with learning disabilities, mental retardation, or emotional disturbances out of high school up to 6 years

Youth has ever been:

***

***

***

***

***

***

**

***

*** p < .001, ** p < .01 compared with youth with emotional disturbances.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide46
Postsecondary education enrollment by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by school completion status

Ever attended since high school:

***

***

***

***

*** p < .001SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide47
Postsecondary program completion by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years ever enrolled, by school completion status

Enrollees obtained degree/certificate from:

**

*** p < .001SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide48
Employment of youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by high schoolcompletion status

Percent who:

** p > .01

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide49

Participation in postsecondary education, paid employment, or job training by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by high school completion status

**

** p > .01

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide50

Independent living and childbearing or fathering by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by high school completion status

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

slide51
Criminal justice system involvement by youth with disabilities out of high school up to 6 years, by school completion status

Youth had ever been:

**

**

*

**

**p < .01, *p < .05

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Wave 4 parent interviews and youth interviews/surveys, 2007.

for more information
For more information:

Full Reports Fact Sheets & Data Briefs

Executive Summaries Data Tables

www.nlts2.org