Endophora. In linguistics , endophora is a term that means an expression which refers to something intratextual , i.e. in the same text .
In linguistics, endophora is a term that means an expression which refers to something intratextual, i.e. in the same text.
For example, in the sentences "I saw Belal yesterday. He was lying on the beach", "he" is an endophoric expression because it refers to something already mentioned in the text, i.e. "Belal".
The monkey took the banana and ate it. "It" is anaphoric under the strict definition (it refers to the banana).
, deixis refers to the phenomenon wherein understanding the meaning of certain words and phrases in an utterance requires contextual information. Words are deictic if their semantic meaning is fixed but their denotational meaning varies depending on time and/or place. Words or phrases that require contextual information to convey any meaning – for example, English pronouns – are deictic. Deixis is closely related to both indexicality and anaphora, as will be explained below. Although this article deals primarily with deixis in spoken language, the concepts can apply to written language, gestures, and communication media as well. While this article draws examples primarily from English, deixis is believed to be a feature (to some degree) of all natural languages
space deixis, concerns itself with the spatial locations relevant to an utterance. Similarly to person deixis, the locations may be either those of the speaker and addressee or those of persons or objects being referred to. The most salient English examples are the adverbs“here” and “there” and the demonstratives“this” and “that” - although those are far from being the only deictic words.