Electrostatic precipitators
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ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS. Presented by-Deepak keshri IEC -CET Section- ee 1. Introduction. Particulate Collection Device used in industries to minimize air pollution. Principle of operation  Electrostatic attraction. Efficiency of 99% in many industries.

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Electrostatic precipitators


Presented by-Deepak keshri


Section-ee 1


  • Particulate Collection Device used in industries to minimize air pollution.

  • Principle of operation Electrostatic attraction.

  • Efficiency of 99% in many industries.

  • Can handle large gas volumes with a wide range of inlet temperatures, pressures, dust volumes, and acid gas conditions .

  • Can collect particles of varying sizes in dry and wet states .

Theory of precipitation
Theory of Precipitation:

  • Theory of PrecipitationCharging, Collecting & Rapping.

  • Particle charging Discharge & Collection Electrodes

  • Corona Discharge Avalanche Multiplication

  • Ionization of gas molecules

  • Particle Collection

  • Particle Removal

Electrostatic precipitators

*Ionization of Gas Molecules

*Particle Charging

Field charging,

Diffusion charging,

Electron charging

Electrostatic precipitators

*Particle collection

*Particle Removal by rapping

Components of an electrostatic precipitator
Components of an Electrostatic Precipitator

  • Discharge electrodes

  • Collection electrodes

  • High voltage electrical systems

  • Rappers

  • Hoppers

  • Shell

Discharge electrodes
Discharge Electrodes:

Typical wire discharge electrodes

Rigid frame discharge electrode design

Electrostatic precipitators

Typical rigid discharge electrode

Flat-plate discharge electrode

High voltage electrical system
High Voltage Electrical system

*Transformer-rectifier (T-R) sets

*Primary voltmeter

*Primary ammeter

*Secondary voltmeter

*Secondary ammeter

Spark meter


*Typical hammer/anvil rappers for collection plates

*Typical magnetic-impulse rappers

for collection plates


*Strike plates

*Poke holes




Rotary airlock discharge device

Double-dump discharge device


Pneumatic conveyor for transporting dust from ESP

Drag conveyor

Screw conveyor

Types of electrostatic precipitators
Types of Electrostatic Precipitators

*Tubular Precipitators

*Plate Precipitators

Cold side esps
Cold-side ESPs

Cold side ESPs

1) volume of flue gas that is handled is less

2) less costly

3) overall size of the unit is smaller

4) used to remove fly ash from boilers that burn high sulfur coal

Hot side esps
Hot Side ESPs

*used in high-temperature applications (Cement kiln)

*the gas volume treated in the ESP is larger

*the overall size of the precipitator is larger making it more costly

*structural and mechanical problems occur in the precipitator shell

Wet side esps
Wet Side ESPs

*Wet ESPs are used for industrial applications where the potential for explosion is high .

*When dust is very sticky, corrosive, or has very high resistivity .

*It does not have problems with rapping rentrainment or with back corona .

Dry side esps
Dry Side ESPs

*Particles are charged and collected in a dry state .

*Dust particles collected are removed by rapping.

*Used in steel furnaces, cement kilns and fossil-fuel-fired boilers.


  • All ESPs, no matter how they are grouped, have similar components and operate by charging particles or liquid aerosols, collecting them, and finally removing them from the ESP before ultimate disposal in a landfill or reuse in the industrial process.

  • The precipitator should be designed to provide easy access to strategic points of the collector for internal inspection of electrode alignment, for maintenance, and for cleaning electrodes, hoppers, and connecting flues during outages.